Know the 8 components of the specific speech situation:
- practical judgment
an experience that makes us feel a combo of
concern and uncertainy,
Practical judgment is...
the act of defining “something” in terms of a general category for the purpose of making a practical decision,77
anyone that might be influenced by the speech ,79
obstacles that stand in the way of us and the attainment of our goals ,
a rhetor that uses persuasive discourse to achieve their goal ,
the specific setting shared by audi . and rhetor ,
the reason for and circumstance under which the occasion occured and message spoken language delivered to persuade an audience
What makes an exigence a rhet. exig
public “ issues that generates concern and uncertainty and which can beresolved in part by rhetorical persuasion 73 Later Crick says a speaker tries to move an audience from a “contested exigence” to an “uncontested exigence”—what does that mean? He is turning to move the audience to a consensus about the issue.74
The diff. betw. “situated aud.” and “target aud.”
Situated audience is the people physically present; targeted aud. is the people you want to persuade that are capable of acting (ideally the best possible aud,)
rhetorical constraints are...
obsticales that need to be over caom before persuasion can happen
internal constraints are..
beliefs, atttidudes and values
external constraints are...
objects, people, processes, event.
Does Crick make a distinction betw. a “speaker” and a
speaker is the person who simple says words for an audience but the rhetoric a conscious instigator of social action who uses persuasive discourse to achieve his or her ends 84
How does the occasion “constrain”?
some topics or forms are not appropriate for specific occasions 85
Rhetorical purpose properly focuses on
The reason for the occasion ??? 93
Is the message the spoken language itself or something
the spoken language
Also, does rhetorical public speech include pretty sounding but largely empty words?
- No. That “mere rhetor is empty and is usually used
- to “evaded” rather than “move”90
Organizational plans for main points
- comparative advantage
- Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
lays out a problem and presents a clear solution
examines a particular solution to some problem and articulates positives and negatives,
puts two competing solutions side- by side, and show how one is more advatage
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence:
ATTENTION, NEED, SATISFACTION, VISUALIZATION, ACTION