Chapter 22 Huntley Notes

  1. In the 1960s, repressive military regimes in ____, ____, and ____ abolished political parties and returned to export-import economies financed by foreigners
    • Chile
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
  2. companies with divisions in more than 2 nations
    multinational corporation
  3. What was the most notable trend of the 1980s-early 90s in Latin America?
    the movement toward democracy
  4. ____, ____, and ____ were especially big producers of cocaine and marijuana.
    • Bolivia
    • Peru
    • Columbia
  5. called for an end to military action by one state in the affairs of any other state
    Organization of American States (OAS)
  6. celebrated Latin American writer > Chilean poet
    Gabriel Mistral
  7. brings together realitic events with dreamlike or fantastic background
    magic realism
  8. wrote One Hundred Years of Solitude, a ____ _____ book.
    • Gabriel Garcia Marquez
    • magic realism
  9. The most famous of the Latin American novelists > awarded Nobel Peave Prize in 1982
    • Garcia Marquez
    • a Columbian
  10. the capital of Brazil > the most notable example of modern architecture
  11. Latin America's greatest modern architect
    Oscar Niemeyer
  12. two presidents of Mexico that made political reforms and opened the door to the emergence of 2 political parties
    • Luis Echeverria
    • Jose Lopez Portillo
  13. the sale of government owned companies to private firms
  14. led a movement in Cuba
    Fidel Castro
  15. Fidel Castro's revolutionaries seized ____ on January 3, 1959
  16. no more selling to a certain place
    trade embargo
  17. Argentinian
    Ally of Castro
    Led a war in Bolivia
    killed in 1967
    Ernesto Che Guevara
  18. American involvement was especially evident in ______, _____, and ______
    • El Salvador
    • Nicaragua
    • Panama
  19. Marxist guerilla forces that took over Nicaragua
  20. opposed Sandinistas' policies and began trying to overthrow new government
  21. _____ became a nation in 1903
  22. biggest drug dealer in Panama
    Manuel Noriega
  23. In ____, the US gave Panama Canal to Panama.
  24. Latin America's 2nd largest county
  25. leader of descamisados, became president of Argentina
    Juan Peron
  26. "the shirtless ones" workers
  27. Argentina planned to invade this UK owned territory
    Falkland Islands
  28. Brazil's 1st left wing president in 4 decades
    Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
  29. took over Chile
    Augusto Pinochet
  30. farm organizations owned by and operated for the peasants' benefit
  31. radical communist guerilla group in Peru; killed mayors, priests, peasants, etc. > goal was to form a classless society
    Shining Path
  32. cash crop of Columbia
  33. groups of drug businesses
Card Set
Chapter 22 Huntley Notes
Central America