AP Rhetorical Terms

  1. anadiplosis
    us of word at end then beginning of next clause

    ex. he became a slave, the slave became a gladiator, the gladiator...
  2. anaphora
    repetition of word at beginning of sentences
  3. anecdote
    short, usually personal story
  4. aphorism
    short witty saying with lesson
  5. apostrophe
    addressing something that can't respond
  6. appositive
    dependent clause that describes a noun

    ex. the boy, that ran fast, ...
  7. chiasmus
    reversal of idea in next clause (always anadiplosis and antithesis)

    ex. You forget what you want to remember, and you remember what you want to forget; fear is foul and foul is fair
  8. complex/cumulative sentence
    only one independent clause w/ at least 1 subordinate clause (cumulative has a lot)

    ex. Tom, who is an English major, loves to read books by Mr. Smith
  9. didactic
    teaches a lesson
  10. elegiac
    sad, mournful
  11. ellipsis
    type of zeugma: omission of a word that doesn't alter the meaning of the phrase

    ex. Prosperity is a great teacher; adversity a greater.
  12. epigram
    short witty saying for entertainment
  13. epigraph
    poem, saying, quotation, etc at the beginning of a work (novel, doc, etc)
  14. epistrophe
    repetition at the end of a phrase (opp of anaphora)
  15. epithet
    and adjective used to characterize/call a person or thing (sometimes negative connotation)

    ex. honey "the guests" are bothering me
  16. eponym
    something associated with or named after a person

    ex. sandwich: named after John Montagu, the Fourth Earl of Sandwich

    ex. "i'm just joshing you"
  17. euphemism
    renames something to sound less hard/better

    • ex. he's big boned
    • he passed away
  18. homily
  19. inductive
    reasoning: start small example --> make bigger generalization
  20. invective
    insulting, abusive, calling something a bad name
  21. irony
    the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; a statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea

    ex. you can't fight in here! This is the War Room
  22. juxtaposition
    • unlikes placed near each other
    • OR the placing of verbal elements side by side, leaving it up to the reader to establish connections and impose a meaning
  23. loose sentence/non-periodic
    subject/verb and main idea FIRST
  24. metonymy
    related word reps something
  25. onomatopoeia
  26. oxymoron
    contradictory phrase of opposites

    ex. jumbo shrimp
  27. paradox
    a phrase that seems to be a contradiction but really has some truth
  28. parataxis
    simple, compound sentences (style)
  29. pedantic
    fussy, overly concerned with details
  30. periodic sentence
    main idea at end, lots of dependent clauses
  31. polemic
    written to attack; passionate persuasion/argument (negative connotation)
  32. polysyndeton
    a lot of conjunctions
  33. syllepsis
    one word used two ways (usually abstract and concrete)

    ex. she changed her mind and her clothes
  34. syllogism
    3 part argument: deductive reasoning: major premise, minor premise, conclusion

    ex. dec of indep
  35. synechdoche
    part used to rep whole
  36. trope
    figurative language
  37. zeugma
    one part of sentence governs another
  38. imperative sentence
    make request/demand/command
Card Set
AP Rhetorical Terms
rhetorical device test