Hypo and Hypermagnesemia

  1. What causes hypermagnesemia?
    Meds (anatacids, laxatives)
  2. What are sx of hypermagnesemia?
    weakness, N/V, hypotension, arrhythmia, asystole, loss of reflexes
  3. How do you tx hypermagnesemia?
    • Make sure meds they are taking don't contain Mg
    • Calcium gluconate if they become toxic and develop arryhthmias
    • Dialysis if they code
    • Loop diuretics with nl renal function
  4. What causes hypomagnesemia?
    • Cirrhosis
    • Chronic EtOH
    • Drop in Ca and K levels
  5. What EKG changes develop with magenesium problems?
    None do
  6. How do you tx hypomagnesemia?
    • MgOxide PO or MgSO4 rider (2-4gm)
    • 2g for renal failure, 4g for nonrenal failure
  7. What are sx for hypomagnesemia?
    None (possible decreased reflexes)
Author
bigfootedbertha
ID
84399
Card Set
Hypo and Hypermagnesemia
Description
For my upcoming nephrology exam
Updated