Forensics final Exam.txt

  1. When writing a requested document, suspect should be shown to the Questioned Document? (T/F)
  2. A Document examiner cannot tell the persons handwriting? (T/F)
  3. Dictated should be same as the content of the Questioned document or adolescent content many letter combinations. (T/F)
  4. Questioned Document is limited to writing in some type of paper documents. (T/F)
  5. Some inks when exposed to blue-green lights will absorb infrared luminesce and emit light? (T/F)
  6. Handwriting of one individual may be altered beyond recognition by the influenced by alcohol and drugs? (T/F)
  7. The unconscious handwriting of two different individuals can never be identical? (T/F)
  8. Any license dentist can act as a forensic dentist. (T/F)
  9. All expert witness testimony should support the party that retained the expert witness because it is only fair. (T/F)
  10. The fully formed tooth is not a good source of DNA. (T/F)
  11. Only bite marks in human tissue can be analyzed to determine the biter. (T/F)
  12. In a bite mark analysis, the objective is to exclude all possible subjects as the biter. (T/F)
  13. Radiographs are by far the best media to compare postmortem and ant-mortems dentition. (T/F)
  14. If the grace matrix is mud rather than dry soil, the screening process cannot be performed. (T/F)
  15. Key descriptive features such as hair length, facial hair and glasses often must be guessed at when doing facial approximation. (T/F)
  16. The goal of developing a biological profile is to describe the individual is such way that law enforcement or relatives can narrow the range of possible identities. (T/F)
  17. The bony skeleton is fixed at adulthood and does not change until death. (T/F)
  18. Bone density depends on factor of age and hormonal status only. (T/F)
  19. Dimorphism between sexes is qualitative as well as quantitative. (T/F)
  20. Our categories of races are in fact socially constructed and arbitrary, without an empiric biological base. (T/F)
  21. CODIS, which stands for ________________, is the software maintained by the FBI.
    Combined DNA Index System
  22. STR -
    short tandem repeat
  23. PCR -
    Polymerase Chain Reaction
  24. A nucleotide is composed of a _______, a _________, and a ___________.
    5 carbon sugar, nitrogenous base, and a phosphate
  25. Specimens amenable to DNA typing are __________, ___________, ____________, and ___________.
    Blood, semen, body tissues, and saliva
  26. The Amelogenin gene will show one band for a ___________ and two bands for a __________.
    Female, male
  27. The concept of _________ involves the simultaneous detection of more than one DNA marker.
  28. In RFLP DNA typing, restriction enzymes are used to cut out sequences of DNA having different ___________.
  29. Short DNA segments containing repeating sequences of 3-7 bases are called
  30. Mitochondrial is from _______
  31. Recombinant DNA relies on the ability of chemicals known as __________ to cut DNA into fragments.
    Restriction enzymes
  32. ___________ are derived from a combination of up to 20 known amino acids.
  33. The national DNA database in the US has standardized _________ STRs for entry into the database.
  34. Watson and Crick demonstrated that DNA is composed of two strands coiled into a ___________.
    Double helix
  35. The fundamental unit of heredity is the _____.
  36. Immunoassay acid technique is best to detect presence of symmetry in blood conditions is _________.
  37. A ________ is an observable characteristic of an individual.
  38. _______ is the fluid portion of unclotted blood.
  39. It is blood ____________ not splatter.
  40. A ________ is produced when an object located between the same as blood.
  41. Type B blood contains ____ antigen and anti-antibodies.
    B and A
  42. Type an individuals have _________ antigen located on their surface of their red blood cells.
  43. A _________ is produced by a wet, bloody surface that contacts a second surface.
    Transfer pattern
  44. The distribution of type A blood is ____.
  45. The D antigen is also known as ___________ antigen.
    Rh factor
  46. Spatter size is depended on ________.
  47. The liquid that separates from the blood when a clot is formed is called what?
  48. The term ________ describes the study of antigen-antibody reactions.
  49. A combination of genes present in a cell of an individual is called the ________.
  50. The distribution of type AB blood is _____.
  51. The sex of an offspring is always determined by the _________ in humans.
  52. In a problem in an authorship of handwriting, all characteristics of both the ___________ and __________ documents must be examined.
    Question and Known
  53. Many ink dyes can be separated by the technique of _____ chromatography.
    Thin Layer
  54. Osborn testified in the trial of the century regarding what document?
    Ransom note of the Lindbergh Baby
  55. Name 4 types of teeth found in an adult mouth?
    -bicuspids, cuspids, molars, and incisors
  56. Name 3 types of teeth in a juvenile mouth?
    -incisors, cuspids, and pre-molars
  57. Name at least 3 people in dental history that used dental evidence to identify a person?
    -Claudius' wife, William the Conqueror, and Paul Revere.
  58. The Two types of witnesses in the trial where odontology may be used are _________ and _________.
    -expert witness and Fact Witness
  59. Adults have ______ permanent Teeth.
  60. The Crown of a tooth is composed of an outer covering called _______.
  61. Root is composed of an outer covering called __________.
  62. Small children have ______ teeth.
  63. Bite marks in human tissue must be photographed multiple times over _____ days so the swelling will not interfere in identification.
  64. The _______ of the tooth is an excellent source of DNA.
  65. The predominant forensic need for anthropology expertise emerged from the ____________ _____________ that is, the investigation of death and injury for criminal and civil legal purpose.
    Medicolegal context
  66. Providing a ________ _________ includes determining age, sex, stature, ancestry, anomalies, pathology, and individual features.
    Biological Profile
  67. DMORT stands for __________ ___________ __________ __________ ________.
    Disaster Mortuary operational response team
  68. ABFA stands for _________ ___________ ___________ __________.
    American Board of forensic anthropology.
  69. Because bones and teeth survive over time, many physical anthropologists specialize in human ____________ and ____________, including detailed study of skeletal and dental functional anatomy, physiology, pathology and their variations.
    Odontology and osteology
  70. A ___________ ___________ is selected in a location that has already been thoroughly searched and is somewhat convenient to the grave.
    Screening area
  71. The _________ ________ is usually consists of at least several yards in every direction surrounding the grave.
    Staging area
  72. By the time a fetus is fully developed from the ___________ and a __________ at either end.
    405 and 206
  73. The three levels of certainty are ___________, ___________ and ___________.
    Certainty, probability and consistency
  74. When testifying in court, it is essential that the anthropologist uphold the principle of __________ __________ and ____________.
    Scientific neutrality and objectivity
  75. When the skeleton is disconnected it is said to be _________________.
  76. Bone damage is conventionally divided into ________ or __________ force categories.
    Blunt or sharp
  77. A ____________ ___________ is a defect or pathology that has been present since birth.
    Congenital Anomaly
  78. List the successions of insects.
    • -Blow flies with minutes
    • -Larvae hatch within a day
    • -Various adult beetles feed on fly eggs and maggots.
    • -Predaceous beetles feed on other insects
    • -Skill and hide beetles feed on fry tissue, clean skeleton.
  79. Why should be insects preserved at the crime scene?
  80. Why is it important to keep some insects alive?
  81. The three layers that comprise the hair shaft are __________, __________ and _____________.
    Medulla, cortex, and cuticle
  82. The __________ ___________ is the period of growth in hair.
    Antigen phase
  83. Dormant stage prior to hair falling out is called the _______ ________.
    Telegen phase
  84. PMI stands for _______________ _______________.
    Post mortem interval
  85. Prior to 72 hours after death _____________________, __________________, __________________, instead of entomology evidence.
    Livor mortis, rigor mortis, algor mortis
  86. The living insect in the stage prior to metamorphosis in the blow fly like Yule is called ________ while the ... Part of the stage is called ________ _________ or __________.
    Pupae, pupil case, puparium
  87. _________ Blow flies are of little forensic value as it is unclear whether they have just .. or developed on the body.
  88. EAFE stands for ___________ ____________ ____________ _____________.
    European association of forensic entomology
  89. Four types of medullas are _________, _________, _______ and ___________.
    Interrupted, fragmented, absent, continuous
  90. The three configurations of hair are _____________, __________, and _________.
    Straight, curly, and Kinky
  91. The predominant position of the hair shaft that contains the color is called the _____________.
  92. TSD stands for _______ _______ ________
    Time since Death
  93. Three factors that can affect handwriting are ____, ________, _______, and _______.
    Age, alcohol, drugs, and Health
Card Set
Forensics final Exam.txt
Final Exam.