Cold War Test

  1. a name given to the Servicemen’s
    Readjustment Act, a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits
    for World War II veterans.
    GI Bill of Rights
  2. a residential town or community near a city
  3. President Harry S. Truman’s economic
    program—an extension of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal—which included measures
    to increase the minimum wage, to extend social security coverage, and to
    provide housing for low-income families.
    Fair Deal
  4. a major corporation that owns a number of smaller
    companies in unrelated businesses.
  5. a business that has bought the right
    to use a parent company’s name and methods, thus becoming one of a number of
    similar businesses in various locations.
  6. the sharp increase in the U.S.
    birthrate following World War II.
    Baby Boom
  7. a preoccupation with the purchasing of
    material goods.
  8. the designing of products to wear out
    or to become outdated quickly, so that people will feel a need to replace their
    possessions frequently.
    Planned Obsolescence
  9. the means of communication—such as television,
    newspapers, and radio—that reach large audiences.
    Mass Media
  10. an agency that regulates U.S.
    communications industries, including radio and television broadcasting.
    Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  11. a social and artistic movement of the
    1950s, stressing unrestrained literary self-expression and nonconformity with
    the mainstream culture.
    Beat Movement
  12. a form of American popular music that evolved in
    the 1950s out of rhythm and blues, country, jazz, gospel, and pop; the American
    musical characterized by heavy rhythms and simple melodies which has spread
    worldwide having significant impacts on social dancing, clothing fashions, and
    expressions of protest
    Rock n' Roll
  13. the tearing down and replacing of
    buildings in rundown inner-city neighborhoods.
    Urban Renewal
  14. a Mexican laborer allowed to enter the United
    States to work for a limited period of time during World War II.
  15. the U.S. government’s plan, announced
    in 1953, to give up responsibility for Native American tribes by eliminating
    federal economic support, discontinuing the reservation system, and
    redistributing tribal lands.
    Termination Policy
  16. ordered integration of armed forces
    Harry S. Truman
  17. southern democrats against civil
  18. developed vaccine against polio and
    wrote a book about raising babies.
    Dr. Jonas Salk
  19. a policy, developed during the
    Kennedy administration, that involved preparing for a variety of military
    responses to international crises rather than focusing on the use of nuclear
    Flexible Response
  20. a concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West
    Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the Communist East German government to
    prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West.
    Berlin Wall
  21. a communication link established in
    1963 to allow the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to contact
    each other in times of crisis.
    Hot Line
  22. the 1963 treaty in which the United
    States and the Soviet Union agreed not to conduct nuclear-weapons tests in the
    Limited Test Ban Treaty
  23. President John F. Kennedy’s legislative
    program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to
    rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national
    defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program.
    New Frontier
  24. the authority to act that an elected
    official receives from the voters who elected him or her.
  25. an agency established in 1961 to
    provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin
    Peace Corps
  26. a U.S. foreign-aid program of the
    1960s, providing economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries.
    Alliance for Progress
  27. a group, headed by Chief Justice Earl
    Warren, that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy and concluded
    that Lee Harvey Oswald was alone responsible for it.
    Warren Commission
  28. a law, enacted in 1964, that provided
    funds for youth programs, antipoverty measures, small-business loans, and job
    Economic Opportunity Act
  29. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s program to reduce
    poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life in the
    United States.
    Great Society
  30. a federal program, established in
    1965, that provides hospital insurance and low-cost medical insurance to
    Americans aged 65 or older.
  31. a program, established in 1965, that
    provides health insurance for people on welfare.
  32. a law that increased the number of
    immigrants allowed to settle in the United States.
    Immigration Act of 1965
  33. the president of the “Camelot” years
    whose vision for progress was called the New Frontier.
    John F. Kennedy
  34. the Communist leader of Cuba who openly sought
    Soviet aid.
    Fidel Castro
  35. successor to Kennedy who conducted the
    war on poverty and had vision of the Great Society.
    Lyndon Baines Johnson
  36. Chief Justice, who led the Warren Court
    in the 1960s.
    Earl Warren
Card Set
Cold War Test
cold war test, chapter 19 and 20