Religion Final Exam

  1. "Islam" Means
    Submission or surrender
  2. Which of the following does NOT necessarily describe a Muslim?
    a. an Arab who follows God
    b. one who is to carry out God’s will in history
    c. God’s representative on earth
    d. one who seeks to create a socially just society
    An Arab who follows God
  3. In size, Islam is
    the second largest of all religions
  4. Which person from the Hebrew Bible is NOT considered part of Islam’s genealogy?
    a. Abraham
    b. Sara
    c. Hagar
    d. Ismail
  5. Which of the following is NOT a Muslim belief?
    a. divine judgment
    b. original sin
    c. God is the creator, sustainer, and ruler of the universe
    d. prophets and revelation
    Original Sin
  6. “The disaster,” as it is known in Muslim literature and consciousness, that triggered a period of doubt and self-examination in the 1970s was about
    losing major territories, including the holy city, Israel.
  7. Which of the following is NOT a holy city to Muslims?
    a. Medina
    b. Jerusalem
    c. Cairo
    d. Mecca
  8. In America and Europe, Islam is
    Fastest growing religion
  9. The word “jihad” means
    Strive or Struggle
  10. As Christians look to Jesus and the New Testament and Jews look to Moses and the Torah, Muslims look to
    Muhammid and Quran
  11. Which describes pre-Islamic Arabian society and religion?
    Polytheistic tribal
  12. Which of the following was NOT condemned by Muhammad?
    a. exploitation of the poor, widows, and orphans
    b. usury
    c. false contracts
    d. earning profit in business transactions
    Earning profit in business transactions
  13. Muhammad saw his relationship to the religion of Islam as that of
    Prophet and reformer
  14. What means did Muhammad use to defeat the Meccans and unite the tribes of Arabia under the banner of Islam?
    force and diplomacy
  15. Which was a role played by Muhammad in the early Muslim community
    • arbiter and judge
    • political and military leader
    • merchant
  16. Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the revelation of Islam?
    a. assertion of the rights of the tribe
    b. assertion of primary loyalty to the ummah
    c. protection of the rights of orphans
    d. protection of the rights of women
    assertion of the rights of the tribe
  17. Which of the following is NOT a teaching of the Quran?
    a. virgin birth of Jesus
    b. Jesus was a great prophet
    c. death and resurrection of Jesus
    d. Jesus was God’s servant
    death and ressurection of Jesus
  18. Which of the following is NOT true of Muhammad’s relationship with the Jews?
    a. he expected them to be his allies due to shared prophets and revelations
    b. he forcibly converted them to Islam
    c. he recognized them as a separate community, but politically allied to the Muslims
    d. he allowed them to maintain cultural and religious autonomy
    he forbicly convered them to Islam
  19. When the Jewish population of Medina did not convert to Islam, Muhammad instituted
    changed the direction of prayer from Jerusilm to Mecca.
  20. Ijtihad means to
    interpret or reinterpret Islam or Islam law
  21. A condition of dhimmi, or having protected status, was
    paying a special tax
  22. Which of the following is NOT true of Islamic civilization?
    a. portraiture and statuary became major art forms
    b. science, medicine, and philosophy flourished
    c. Muslims made major contributions to medicine, mathematics, and astronomy
    d. great urban cultural centers emerged in Cairo, Baghdad, Cordova, Palermo, and Nishapur
    portaiture and statuary became major art forms.
  23. Muslims believe all of the following about the Quran EXCEPT a. it was revealed to Muhammad over a period of 22 years b. it is the eternal, uncreated, final word of God c. it shares the same mother source as the Jewish Torah and the Christian Evangel d. it is a chronological account of human history
    it is chronological account of human history
  24. The hijra is
    the emigration of the early muslim community from Mecca to Medina
  25. Sunnis and Shiahs split due to a
    difference in opintion over who should lead the muslim community following Muhammad's death.
  26. Shiahs believe all of the following EXCEPT
    a. Ali was the first successor to Muhammad as leader of the Muslim community
    b. the ayatollah is the infallible religious leader of the Muslim community
    c. the martyrdom of Husayn serves as a paradigm of suffering, oppression, and protest against
    d. the Mahdi will return at the end of time to usher in a perfect Islamic society of truth and justice
    The ayatollah is the infallible religious leader of the Muslim community
  27. The proportions of Sunnis and Shiahs respectively are
    85 % Sunni-15 % Shiah
  28. Which of the following is NOT a source of Islamic law?
    a. the Quran
    b. the Sunnah
    c. ijma
    d. tawhid
  29. Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
    a. jihad
    b. declaration of faith
    c. prayer five times daily
    d. almsgiving
  30. Muslims are required to fast from dawn to dusk during the month of Ramadan, abstaining from
    food,drink, sex
  31. Assuming the Muslim is physically and financially able, the pilgrimage to Mecca is expected to be done
    at least once in a lifetime
  32. Women’s rights granted by the Quran included all of the following EXCEPT
    a. contracting own marriage
    b. maintaining guardianship over children until they reach adulthood
    c. owning and inheriting property
    d. receiving and keeping her dowry upon marriage
    maintaining guardianship over children until they reach adult hood
  33. Marriage according to Islam principles can best be described as
    civil contract leagalizing intercourse and the procreation of children
  34. The ulama are
    Islamic religious scholars
  35. Muhammad al-Ghazali, in the early 12th century, most likely prevented the demise of Sufism by
    producing a religious synthesis of myticism and orthodoxy
  36. Following the third pillar of Islam, almsgiving, requires a Muslim to contribute annually
    2.5 % of the accumulated wealth and assets
  37. The Crusades were actually launched by
    Pope Urban II and Christian leaders.
  38. The two major Islamic revivalist movements in the Middle East and South Asia in the 1930s were
    Jamaat-i-Islami Muslim brotherhood
  39. The African-American Islamic movement in America that has the largest number of followers and does not practice black separatism or preach black nationalism is
    African Muslim Mission
  40. Which is NOT an issue of debate for contemporary Islamic reformers?
    a. restoration of the caliphate
    b. status of women
    c. status of non-Muslims
    d. compatibility of Islam and democracy
    Restoration of the cephate
Card Set
Religion Final Exam
Multiple Choice