1. blood culture
    • Drawn firts
    • Area of stick should be cleaned twice
    • Drawn when patients temp. is at its highest
  2. How should a needle be inserted?
    Bevel side up
  3. lavender and pink top tube
  4. green top tube
    sodium heparin
  5. red/black (tiger) top tube
    clot activator and gel separator
  6. light-blue top tube
    sodium citrate
  7. red top tube
    no additive
  8. identifiers on tube label
    • at least two
    • name and date of birth
  9. three things to check with tube
    • tube is not expired
    • correct tube
    • label when done
  10. (spelling)
  11. tourniquet
    device applied to a limb to restrict venous flow, which distends veins, making them easier to find and draw from
  12. disinfectants
    substances or solutions that are used to remove or kill microorganisms on surfaces and intruments
  13. antiseptics
    substances used for skin cleaning that inhibit the growth of bacteria
  14. bevel
    point of a needle that is cut at a slant for ease of skin entry
  15. shaft
    the long cylindrical portion of a needle
  16. hypodermic needle
    type of needle used with the syringe system
  17. hub
    end of the needle that attaches to the blood collection device (tube holder)
  18. sharps container
    puncture-resistant, leak proof, disposable container used to dispose of used needles, lancets, and other sharp objects
  19. order of draw
    (color tubes)
    • yeallow (sterile tube)
    • light-blue (coagulation tube)
    • red (nonadditive tube)
    • gold and red/black (SSTs)
    • light-green and green/grey (PSTs)
    • green (heparin tube)
    • lavender and pink (EDTA tubes)
    • gray(oaxalate/fluoride tubes)
  20. order of draw
    • 1. sterile tube (blood culture)
    • 2. blue-top coagulation tube
    • 3. serum tube with or without clot activator, with or without gel
    • 4. heparin tube with or without plasma separator
    • 5. EDTA tube
    • 6. glycolytic inhibitor tube
  21. order of draw
    sequence of tube collection that is intended to minimize additive carryover or cross-contamination problems
  22. What is the standard gauge?
    21 gauge
  23. gauge
    a number that relates to the diameter of the lumen of a needle
  24. evacuated tube
    type of tubes that have a premeasured vacuum and are color-coded to denote the additive inside
  25. anticoagulant/EDTA, NaHep (sodium heparin)
    a substance that prevents blood from clotting
  26. What is ACD used for?
    Acid citrate dextrose

    Acide citrate prevents coagulation by binding calcium, and dextrose acts as a red blood cell nutrient and preservative
  27. ACD
    acid citrate dextrose
Card Set
phlebotomy test 3