Benji Exam 1

  1. 1. The different forms or values of a gene that an individual may possess (e.g., blue eyes, vs. brown eyes) is called ___________
    a. a gene
    b. an allele
    c. a chromosome
    d. DNA
    an allele
  2. 2. In both parents are carriers (each one with an abnormal recessive gene), their children have a ______ chance of having the disorder.

    C. 25%
  3. 4. An abnormally small pinna is called _______________.

    A. Microtia
  4. 5. Aural atresia will result in a __________________ hearing loss.

    A. conductive
  5. 6. An abnormal bony growth on the ear canal wall:

    D. exostosis
  6. 3. This most common form of genetic hearing loss is _____________________

    B. autosomal recessive, and non-syndromic
  7. An infection in the outer ear (AKA swimmers ear):

    C. external otitis
  8. 8. Painful blisters on the TM:

    B. Bullous Mryingitis
  9. 9. Tympanosclerosis usually results in:

    D. no hearing loss,
  10. 10. Tympanic membrane perforations can be caused by:

    E. all of the above
  11. 11. When fluid accumulates in the middle ear space, but is not infected:

    A. otitis media with effusion
  12. 12. An accumulation of keratin and skin debris in the middle ear:

    E. cholestoetoma
  13. 13. Results in pulsing tinnitus:

    B. glomous tumor
  14. 14. Spongy bone that grows and hardens on the ossicles, preventing them from moving properly:

    F. otosclerosis
  15. 15. Disorders that prevent sound from being transmitted to the cochlea efficiently result in a ____________ hearing loss:

    A. conductive
  16. 16. Disorders originating from the cochlea or auditory nerve result in a ____________ hearing loss:

    B. sensorineural
  17. 17. Occurs when there is a conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

    A. mixed hearing loss
  18. 18. Which disorder is associated with eyes that are 2 different colors, white forelock, and sensorineural hearing loss?

    A. Waardenberg syndrome
  19. 19. Which disorder is associated with excessive endolymphatic fluid pressure?

    D. Menier’s Disease
  20. 20. Perception of sound when there is no external sound present is called:

    B. Tinnitus
  21. 21. Tympanic membrane perforations:
    a. can heal on their own without any treatment
    b. are repaired with surgery
    c. can cause auditory neuropathy
    d. both a and b
    • Both
    • a. can heal on their own without any treatment
    • b. are repaired with surgery
  22. 22. A leak of fluid from a round window or oval window rupture:

    C. Perilymphatic fistula
  23. 23. A synchronous signal is not coded by the hearing system:

    B. Auditory Neuropathy
  24. 24. Vestibular schwannoma tumors are usually unilateral, but bilateral cases sometimes occur in patients with ________________.

    A. Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)
  25. 25. Hearing loss due to aging:

    B. Presbycusis
  26. 26. Continued exposure to sounds louder than _______ dB SPL can result in permanent noise induce hearing loss.

    C. 80
  27. 27. Initially, meneir’s disease presents with __________________

    B. low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss
  28. 28. Hearing loss due to noise exposure initially causes the greatest hearing loss at ________________ , and later spreads to other frequencies as exposure continues.

    C. 4,000 Hz
  29. 29. The auditory cortex is located in the __________ lobe.

    A. temporal
  30. 30. Wernicke’s area is associated with ______________.

    B. speech analysis
  31. 31. Broca’s area is associated with ______________.

    D. motor control of speech
  32. 32. Patients with auditory processing disorder have trouble ______________.
    a. hearing soft sounds
    b. with speech understanding in noise
    c. dichotic processing
    d. b and c
    With speech understanding in noise and dichotic processing
  33. True or False

    33. Ear candles are an effective method of cerumen removal.
    34. A father will pass his mitochondrial DNA on to his sons.
    • False
    • False
  34. 35. Genetics are the only cause for congenital hearing loss.

    True or False
  35. Bacterial Meningitis can cause a severe to profound conductive hearing loss.

    True or False
  36. Patients with auditory neuropathy have normal outer hair cell function.

    True or False
  37. Surgical reconstruction of the pinna is relatively quick, and can be completed in a single surgery.

    True or False
Card Set
Benji Exam 1
Benji Exam 1