German Soldiers hired by the British.
Known as the finest soldiers in the world. German mercenaries.
Loyal to Britain.
loyalists, supporters for the King in the colonies.
Most could be found in southern colonies.
Two purposes for them were home guard
(defending their community) & augmented the continental army.
Consisted mostly of citizen soldiers,
poor native-born Americans, or immigrants who had been indentured
servants or convicts. Formed by congress. Were paid by land or
money. Continental Army was supported by colonial militias.
George Washington ordered the Inoculation and interviewed each
soldier to see if they believed or not for ever having small pox, for
those who believed not were inoculated, which the virus was implanted
in a small incision and let the soldier build their immune systems.
Small Pox Inoculation
Low point of the war for the colonies. The Army faced
freezing cold, disease, hunger, lack of shelter and
desertion, Washington was able to keep a bulk of the
Army intact, and train them into a professional army
during the low point.
October 17th 1777
Benedict Arnold rallied Colonial forces to victory.
General Burgoyne of Britain surrendered to General
Horaatio Gates and most of the British soldiers were
imprisioned in Virginia.Became the turning point of the
war because France saw the victory as a sign of Colonial
resolve and signs the Treaty of Alliance with the United States.
Ocotber 7th, 1780
Turning point of the war in the South, Colonial
Militia defeat Loyalists and break Tory support for
English in the South.
(Americans against Americans)
Battle of Kings Mountain
New commander for the Southern theater
"The fighting Quaker"of Rhode Island
October 17th 1781
This battle essentially ended the Revolution war.
With 16,000 soldiers from France and the colonial
army under Washington, Greene, and Admiral De Grasse
command Lord Cornwallis and Benedict Arnold surrendered
and New York was no longer captive.
Battle of Yorktown
This document was signed on
September 3rd 1783 which (Great Britain)
recognized the independence of the United States
and agreed to a Mississippi river boundary to the
Treaty of Paris 1783
Authority was rested with the people, with
elected governors and senates, religious
freedoms and separation of powers.
When this document was drafted it
created the first centralized government
for the U.S. This document limited authority
of the governemnt and most power deferred
to the states.
Articles of Confederation
During the Revolution war freedom was awarded
to thousands of slaves who served for the cause
A British victory in 1780 as they captured a colonial
army and this
Battle of Charleston
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought
mostly where and when?
On Breed's Hill and June 17, 1775.
Early in the Revolution, other than the English, the second
greatest threat to the Continental Army was what?
Why was the Continental Armies early escape at
New York crucial to the later success of the Revolution?
If captured, the Revolution would have surely ended.
Washington and the Continental Army crossed
what to attack at Trenton?
At Trenton, Washington timed the
attack to take place when?
On Christmas Day
At the Battle of Saratoga, he was one of the heroes as
he rallied Colonial forces and led them to victory.
- General Benedict Arnold was "named"the hero of theBattle of Saratoga;
- however, General John Burgoyne surrendered to General Horatio Gates.
Washington's defeat at Brandywine led to what?
The fall of Philadelphia.
This battle saw the defeat of Loyalist forces in the
south and an end to English hopes to rallying that support.