quiz #4- blood supply and CSF

  1. What supplies the posterior circulation?
    posterior cerebral artery
  2. What supplies the anterior circulation?
    • anterior cerebral artery
    • middle cerebral artery
  3. What is the Circle of Willis made of?
    • middle cerebral arteries
    • anterior cerebral arteries
    • anterior communicating artery
    • posterior communicating artery
    • posterior cerebral artery
  4. What supplies the deep forebrain (basic)?
    small arteries off the circle of willis
  5. What supplies 2/3 of the spinal cord?"
    branches off the anterior spinal artery
  6. What supplies 1/3 of the spinal cord?
    branches off the posterior spinal artery
  7. What is a transient ischemic attack?
    brief, focal loss with full recovery in 24 hours
  8. What is a completed stroke?
    stable neuro deficits that persist more than 1 day
  9. What is a progressive stroke?
    deficits that progress over time
  10. What is a brain infarct and the three different types?
    • obstruction of blood flow
    • emobolus, thrombus, lacunar infarct
  11. What is an embolus?
    • moving clot that abruptly blocks blood flow
    • usually immediate deficits
  12. What is a thrombus?
    • stationary clot
    • deficits can be immediate or slowly progressive
  13. What is a lacunar infarct?
    • usually in deep forebrain structures with cavity remaining after necrotic tissue remove
    • slow onset with good prognosis for recovery
  14. What is a hemorrhage?
    • bleeding within the brain
    • damage from blood, edema, cytotoxic events and distal ischemia
  15. What is a subarachnoid hemorrhage?
    • bleeding in the subarachnoid space
    • damage from increased pressure, herniation, vasospasm, and infarction
    • (arteries)
  16. What is AV Malformation?
    developmental deficit with thin capillaries connecting arteries and veins
  17. What is an aneurysm and the two different types?
    • dilation in the vascular wall
    • saccular: dialation of 1 side of the vascular wall
    • berry: thin connecting stalk with vessel
  18. How does the blood flow through the brain (big picture)?
    blood flow to the brain is drained through the dural venous sinus system and returns to circulation through the internal jugular vein
  19. How does the CSF flow through the brain (big picture)?
    • CSF is produced in choroid plexes of ventricles
    • circulates through ventricles and into cisterns through foramina of luschka and magendie
    • CSF bathes and protects outer surface of CNS and flow toward arachnoid granulations
    • passes through arachnoid granulations to enter the dural venous sinus system
  20. What are the three layers of meninges?
    • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
  21. What are the two layers of the dura mater?
    • external layer- periosteal layer: firmly attached to bone w/in cranial cavity
    • internal layer- meningeal layer
  22. Where are the meningeal arteries?
    within the dura between the periosteal and meningeal area
  23. What is the falx cerebri?
    lies between the cerebral hemispheres
  24. What is the tentorium cerebelli?
    • divides cranial cavity into upper and lower 1/2
    • aka cerebellar roof
  25. What is the falx cerebelli?
    • separates hemispheres of the cerebellum
    • right and left side
  26. What are the dural sinuses?
    • contain venous blood and CSF
    • dura mater forms the walls
    • drains toward the internal jugular vein
Card Set
quiz #4- blood supply and CSF
blood supply & CSF