Female Reproductive System

  1. cervic/o
    neck or cervix
  2. colp/o, vagin/o
    vagina (sheath)
  3. episi/o, vulv/o
    vulva (covering)
  4. gynec/o
  5. hyster/o, metr/o, uter/o
  6. lact/o
  7. mast/o, mamm/o
  8. men/o
  9. obstetr/o
  10. oophor/o, ovari/o
  11. ov/i, ov/o
  12. pelv/i
    pelvis (basin); hip bone
  13. salping/o
    uterine (fallopian) tube; also, eustachian tube
  14. toc/o
    labor or birth
  15. -arche
  16. uterus
    womb; a pear shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo and fetus develops
  17. fundus
    upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
  18. endometrium
    lining of the uterus, which is shed approximately every 28 to 30 days in a nonpregnant female during menstruation
  19. myometrium
    muscular wall of the uterus
  20. uterine tubes/ fallopian tubes
    tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus
  21. adnexa
    uterine tubes and ovaries (uterine appendages)
  22. right uterine appendage
    right tube and ovary
  23. left uterine appendage
    left tube and ovary
  24. ovary
    one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
  25. cervix
    neck of the uterus
  26. cervical os
    opening fo the cervix to the uterus
  27. vagina
    tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
  28. vulva
    external genitalia of the female
  29. labia
    folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening; known as the labia majora and labia minora
  30. clitoris
    female erectile tissue in the anterior portion of the vulva
  31. hymen
    fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrance to the vagina
  32. introitus
    entrance to the vagina
  33. Bartholin glands
    two glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete a lubricant during intercourse
  34. perineum
    region between the culva and anus
  35. mammary glands
    two glands in the female breasts that are capable of producing milk
  36. mammary papilla
  37. arcola
    dark-pigmented area around the nipple
  38. embryo
    the developing organism from fertilization to the end of the eighth week
  39. fetus
    the developing organism from the ninth week to birth
  40. placenta
    vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy to provide nourishment for the fetus
  41. amnion/ amniotic sac
    innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus, filled with amniotic fluid
  42. meconium
    intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools in the newborn
  43. amenorrhea
    absence of menstruation
  44. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  45. oligomenorrhea
    scanty menstrual period
  46. anovulation
    absence fo ovulation
  47. dyspareunia
    painful intercourse
  48. leukorrhea
    abnormal whhite or yellow vaginal discharge
  49. menorrhagia
    excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation (menses)
  50. metrorrhagia
    bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation
  51. oligo-ovulation
    irregular ovulation
  52. cervicitis
    inflammation of the cervix
  53. congenital anomalies/ congenital irregularities
    birth defects defects that cause abnormal development of an organ or a structure
  54. dermoid cyst
    congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue; typically found in an ovary and usually benign
  55. displacement of uterus
    displacement of the uterus from its normal position
  56. anteflexion
    abnormal forward bending of the uterus
  57. retroflexion
    abnormal backward bending of the uterus
  58. retroversion
    backward turn of the whole uterus; also called tipped uterus
  59. endometriosis
    condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
  60. endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  61. fibroid/ fibromyoma/ leiomyoma
    benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue
  62. fistula
    abnormal passage, such as from one hollow organ to another
  63. rectovaginal fistula
    abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum
  64. vesicovaginal fistula
    abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
  65. cervical neoplasia
    abnormal development of cervial tissue cells
  66. cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
    potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue fo the cervic, graded according to the extent of abnormal cell formation
  67. cervical dysplasia
    • CIN-1; mild dysplasia
    • CIN-2; moderate dysplasia
    • CIN-3; severe dysplasia
  68. carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix
    malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized, w/out any spread to adjacent structures
  69. menopause
    cessation of menstrual periods caused by lack of ovarian hormones
  70. oophoritis
    inflammation of one or both ovaries
  71. parovarian cyst
    cyst of the uterine tube (fallopian tube)
  72. pelvic adhesions
    scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity resulting from endometriosis, infection, or injury
  73. pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Card Set
Female Reproductive System
Med Terms ch. 15