1. primates
    members of the mammalian order primates, which includes lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans
  2. anthropoids
    members of a suborder of primates, the infraorder anthropoidea
  3. morphology
    the form of anatomical structures
  4. omnivorous
    having a diet consisting of many food types, such as plant materials, meat, and insects
  5. diurnal
    active during the day
  6. olfaction
    the sense of smell
  7. nocturnal
    active during the night
  8. stereoscopic vision
    the conditional whereby visual images are, to varying degrees, superimposed
  9. binocular vision
    vision characterized by overlapping visual fields provided by foward-facing eyes
  10. hemispheres
    the two halves of the cerebrum that are connected by a dense mass of fibers
  11. neocortex
    the more recently evolved portions of the cortex of the brain that are involved with higher mental functions and composed of areas that integrate incoming information from different sensory organs
  12. sensory modalities
    different forms of sensation
  13. arboreal
    tree-living, adapted to life in the trees
  14. adaptive niche
    an organism's entire way of life: where it lives, what it eats, how it gets food, how it avoids predators, and so on
  15. dental formula
    numerical device that indicates the number of each type of tooth in each side of the upper and lower jaws
  16. cusps
    the bumps on the chewing surface of premolars and molars
  17. quadrupedal
    using all four limbs to support the body during locomotion
  18. brachiation
    arm swinging, a form of locomotion used by some primates
  19. lumber
    pertaining to the lower back
  20. strepsirhini
    the primate suborder that includes lemurs and lorises
  21. haplorhini
    the primate suborder that includes tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans
  22. rhinarium
    the moist, hairless pad at the end of the nose seen in most mammalian species
  23. ischial callosities
    patches of tough, hard skin on the buttocks of old world monkeys and chimpanzees
  24. cercopithecidae
    taxonomic family
  25. cercopihecines
    the subfamily of Old World monkeys that includes baboons, macaques, and guenons
  26. colobines
    common name for members of the subfamily of Old World monkeys that includes the African colobus monkeys and Asian langurs
  27. sexual dimorphism
    differences in physical characteristics between males and females of the same species
  28. hominoids
    members of the primate superfamily that includes apes and humans
  29. territorial
    pertaining to the protection of all or a part of the area occupied by an animal or group of animals
  30. frugivorous
    having a diet composed primarily of fruit
  31. natal group
    the group in which animals are born and raised
Card Set
survey of the living primates