1. Whaich 2 periods do children experience growing pains?
    3-5 and 8-12 years old.
  2. What part of the day do growing pains strike most frequently?
    Late afternoon or evening before bed.
  3. Which Enfamil formula is made for frequent spit up? (>5x qd)
    Enfamil A.R.
  4. Which Enfamil formula is made for fussiness and gas?
    Gentlease or ProSobee (soy-based)
  5. Which Mead Johnson formula is made for babies w/ colic?
    Nutramigen Lipil.
  6. What are typical baby bottle sizes?
    • Newborns: 4 ounces (~120 ml)
    • Others: 8 or 9 ounces (~240-270 ml)

    *though there are 5 and 10 oz ones too
  7. When does the umbilical cord usually fall off? When should one get concerned/checked if it doesn't fall off?
    • 1-3 weeks.
    • Concern: 8 weeks
  8. What happens sometimes instead of the umbilical cord drying? How to treat?
    The cord will form a granuloma, (pink scar tissue.), which drains a light-yellowish fluid. This condition will usually go away in about a week, but if not, the pediatrician may need to burn off (cauterize) the granulation tissue w/ silver nitrate.
  9. What's normal to see around the umbilical cord while healing? What are signs to see the doctor?
    • Normal: crusting, dried blood
    • Caution Signs: 1) red and swollen around the cord
    • 2) Continues to bleed
    • 3) Oozes yellowish pus
    • 4) Produces a foul-smelling discharge
  10. Should one clean the umbilical cord?
    No longer recommended. Heal faster w/o touching it. Sponge baths in the meanwhile.
  11. When does a umbilical hernia resolve?
    Most (>90%) of cases self resolve by 2 years old (more for African Americans)
  12. What cream is often used for Diaper rash?
    What's the active ingredient?
    What does it do?
    What else is it used for?
    • Desitin.
    • Zinc Oxide.
    • Barrier between moisture and skin.
    • Burns, cuts, scrapes.
  13. What are similar cysts to milia in the mouth called? Where do they appear? When should they disappear?
    Epstein pearls usually appear on gums/roof of the mouth.They disappear w/in a few weeks (1-2) of life.
  14. How do Epstein's pearls appear? What are they frequently mistaken for?
    Small white to yellow bumps on a baby’s gums or on the hard palate, often mistaken for teeth.

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  15. What are supportive measures for cold w/ congestion and cough for a infant?
    Suction secretions, humidifier
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