CJ470 Final

  1. Individual motivations to support or not support regulations of firearms

    • 1. reform has brought reduction in fatalities
    • 2. Gun owners should relinquish rights to achieve reductions
  2. INdividual motivations to support or not support regulations of firearms

    • 1. Gun control serves to reduce crime
    • 2. Constitutional right to own without restrictions
  3. Factors that account for high level of gun related violence in the U.S.
    • Availability
    • American Culture (We need guns to survie, Rev War)
    • Human Behavior (Guns don't kill people, people kill people)
    • Lethality
  4. Examples of Federal gun control Policies
    • 1934. Regulated sale of fully automatic weapons
    • 1994. Brady Bill (5 day waiting period, background check)
  5. Examples of State & Local gun control policies
    • Child Access Prevention Laws
    • Concealed Weapons Laws
    • Regulation of private sales to minors
    • Ban on "Assault" weapons
    • Ban on "saturday night specials"
  6. Broad categories of gun control strategy/policy
    • Reduce Availability (Ban Possession, Manufacture, and sale)(Tax sale so much that it makes guns unaffordable)
    • Restrict Use (Targets behavior instead of denying ownership) (Mandatory sentencing for crimes committed with a firearm) (Kansas City Experiment)
    • Restrict Access (Regulate sale, purchase, and ownership) (Target gun dealers) (Background checks, Brady Bill)
  7. Impact of Ideology on prison policy (assumptions, strategies, and consequences)

    Get tough on crime

    Longer Sentences
  8. Impact of ideology on prison policy (assumptions, strategies, consequences)

    Based on reform and rehabilitation

    Get the offenders into the community where they can be productive and reform back to social norms
  9. Purpose of MI task Force on Jail & Prison Overcrowding

    Short Term

    Problems with implementation
    Encourage prosecuting attorneys to increase the use of diversion programs

    Encourage authorizing district court judges to accept felony pleas
  10. Purpose of MI Task Force on Jail & Prison Overcrowding


    Problems with implementation
    Encourage the use of non-incarcerative sentence recommendations such as fines, costs, community service, and restitution in lieu of incarceration for low-risk offenders who do not pose a threat to society.
  11. Definition of Treatment/Rehabilitation Programs
    A planned correctional intervention that targets for change internal and/or external factors with the goal of reducing recidivism, and where possible, othe aspects of an offender's life.
  12. Martinson's Research regarding Treatment and rehabilitation
    • Positive outcomes in 48% of the programs evaluated
    • Classic example of how social science research is often misinterpreted in the political arean
    • Most evaluations were rejected beacuse tests used unreliable measuers, failed to specify "treatment'" did not use proper control groups, or drew questionable conclusions from the data
  13. What are drug treatment courts?
    • Designed to reduce recidivism and substance abuse among non-violent offenders
    • Successful rehabilitation through early, continuous, and intense judicially supervised treatment
    • Treat addictions as a disease
  14. What are the key components of the drug treatment courts?
    • Integrate drug treatment services with justice system case processing
    • Non adversarial approach
    • Broad based access to treatment and rehabilitation services
    • Intense monitoring and appropriate sanctions for lapses
    • Measure achievement of individual goals
    • Ongoing judicial interaction
    • Partnerships between court, public treatment agencies, and community based organizations.
  15. Why is probation hte most widely used rehabilitation program in teh CJ system?
    • Keeps the offenders in the community instead of sending them to jail
    • Emodies the philosophy of rehabilitation
  16. Variables that enhance success of rehabilitation/treatment programs
    • Voluntary nature of treatment
    • Identifying suitable candidates for specific treatment interventions
    • Increased supervision and sanctions correlate with less recidivism
    • Recidivism is affected by many internal & External factors
    • Support network after release
    • Follow-Up Support
  17. Key aspects of the drug policy problem
    • Ideology
    • Medical effects of a particular drug
    • relationship to crime
    • individual rights
    • extent of illegal drug use
    • public policy
  18. Drugs and crime are related, but the relationship is complicated. Why?

    3 categories of crimes associated with drugs
    • It encourages reckless and combative behavior
    • Drug prohibition creates a black market
    • Users commit crime to obtain more money for drugs
  19. Peter Reuters' classification of drug policy advocates- specific polices they would support

    • Emphasis on law enforcement
    • Need to get tougher on drug crimes
    • Strategies include both supply reductiong and demand reduction
  20. Peter Reuters' classification of drug policy advocates- specific polices they would support

    • Drug use is a public health issue
    • Strategy would be legalizing drugs
  21. Peter Reuters' classification of drug policy advocates- specific polices they would support

    • Prevention and treatment of drug abuse
    • Strategy would be a demand reduction strategy
  22. Policy Approaches (4 broad Areas)
    • Reduce demand
    • Reduce supply
    • Treatment
    • Stricter Sentencing
Card Set
CJ470 Final