1. Various synthetic polymers
    • Carpeting, plastic wrap, nonstick pans, plastic cups, rain gear
    • Hip joints, teeth, heart valves, blood vessels
  2. Methanol
    • wood alcohol
    • headaches, blindness, death
    • car racing fuel
  3. ethanol
    • grain alcohol
    • solvent in perfumes, varnishes, medicine
  4. isopropyl alcohol
    • Rubbing alcohol
    • astringent agent
    • reduce fever of small children
  5. ethylene glycol
    • antifreeze
    • solvent for paints, inks, plastics
    • toxic
    • sweet taste (kids and cats)
  6. glycerol
    • very thick
    • bi-product of soap production
    • skin softener - lotions, cosmetics, shaving creams, liquid soaps
  7. Phenols
    • Eugenol - cloves
    • Vanillin - vanilla
    • Isoeugenol - nutmeg
    • Thymol - thyme and mint (mouthwash)
    • 2-phenylphenol - disinfectant sprays
    • Urushiol - poison ivy
    • Highly acidic, must be dilute
  8. Ethers
    • Solvent
    • Used to be popular antesthetic
    • Diethyl ether - first anesthetic used, highly flammable and explosive
  9. Aldehydes
    • Various aromas: cinnamon, vanilla, almonds, citronella candles, roses
    • Formaldehyde: insulation, carpeting, pressed wood. Formalin (40% formaldehyde) biological preservative, toxic
    • Acetaldehyde - sweet smell, overripe fruit, less toxic, oxidation of booze
  10. Ketones
    • various aromas: jasmine flowers, male musk
    • hormones including sex hormones
    • Acetone - good solvent, cleaning agent, varnishes, lacquers, nail polish remover. Not toxic, but can be huffed (model-airplane glue). Produced in body during diabetes, fasting, and high-protein diets during fat metabolism.
    • MEK - industrial cleaner
  11. Monocarboxylic Acids
    • Formic acid: ant / bee stings
    • Acetic acid: vinegar
    • Propanoic acid: dairy products
    • Butyric acid: rancid butter
  12. Dicarboxylic Acids
    • Oxalic acid: vegetables, poisonous in high concentration, used to remove rust, bleach straw and leather, remove ink stains
    • Succinic and gluaric acid: biological reactions that occur in body
  13. Tricarboxylic Acids
    Citric acid: metabolism, in blood, fruit, sour taste, shampoo buffer, hair gel, alkaseltzer fizz
  14. Esters
    fragrances of perfumes, flowers, fruits (rum, pears, bananas, oranges, pineapples, apricots)
Card Set