1. Transmission-based precautions
    Precautions used for patients known or suspected to be infected with transmitable pathogens
  2. percutaneous
    Through the skin.
  3. Preservative in CBC tube

    To prevent clotting
  4. work practice controls
    Practices that alter the way a task is performed to reduce the exposure of bloodnborne pathogens
  5. Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act
    • -Revision and updating of exposure control Plan
    • -Employee input
    • -Modification of definitions
    • -New record keeping
  6. engineering control
    Devices that isolate or remove a bloodborne pathogen hazard
  7. suseptible host
    Someone who has little resistance to an infectious agent
  8. PPE
    Personal Protective Equipment
  9. Joint Commission
    Requires every healthcare institution to have an infection control plan
  10. vector transmission
    Transmission of an infectious agent by an insect, arthropod, or animal
  11. Hazcom
    OSHA Hazardous Communication Standard
  12. fire tetrahedron
    The latest way of looking at the chemistry of a fire by add the chemical reaction to the traditionel fire triangle of fuel, heat, and oxygen
  13. cdc
    centers for disease control and prevention

    charged with investigation and control of disease with epidemic potential
  14. Bloocbore Pathogen Standard
    Designed to reduce occupational exposure to BBPs
  15. leukocytes
    white blood cells

    Combat infection and remove disintegrated tissue
  16. nosocmial infection
    Infection acquired in a healthcare facility
  17. formites
    Inanimate object that can harbor infectious agents
  18. NIOSH
    National Institute fo Occupational Safety and Health

    Conduct reasearch and make recommendations for prevention of work related injury and illness
  19. isolation procedures
    Seporate patients with certain transmissible infections
  20. Presercative in CMP tube
    Lithium heporin and gel

    Prevents clotting and plasma separation
  21. reverse isolation
    Measures taken to keep healthcare workers and others from transmitting infections to a patient
  22. subcutaneous
    below the skin
  23. CMP tube
    green top
  24. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  25. titers
    amount or concentration of a substance in a solution

    amount of antibodies in a patients blood
  26. antecubital fossa
    most common vein used for venipuncture
  27. erythrocytes
    red blood cells

    carry O2 from the lungs to the body and transports CO2 from cells to lungs
  28. blood vessel structure
    tunica, luman, and valves
  29. contact transmision
    transfer of an infectious agent to a susceptible host through direct of indirect contact
  30. hand washing steps
    • 1.stand back and dont touch sink
    • 2.turn on water and wet hands
    • 3.apply soap
    • 4.scrub all surfaces
    • 5. rub hands together vigorously
    • 6.rings frin wrist to finger tips
    • 7.dry hands with clean towel
    • 8.turn of water with clean towel
  31. pathogen
    microbe capable of causing disease
  32. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus

    casuses aids
  33. immune
    protected from or resistant to a particular disease or infection
  34. arteries
    carry blood away from the heart
  35. permucosal
    through mucous membranes
  36. pathogenic
    capable of causing disease
  37. vihicle transmission
    transmission of an infectious agent through contaminated food, water, drugs, or blood transfusion
  38. microbe

    microscopic or not visible to the naked eye
  39. quantitative
    how much antibodies
  40. qualitative
    positive of negative antibodies
  41. valves
    prevents blood from flowing back
  42. lumen
    internal space of a vessel which blood flows through
  43. neutropenic
    abnormally small number of neautrophil cells in blood
  44. 3 types of vessels
    arteries, veins and capillaries
  45. what is reported to the cdc
    outbreaks of infections or disease with epidemic potential
  46. differnce between serum and plasma
    plasma contains fibrinogen and pulls out the clotting factors
  47. standard precautions
    precations to use for all patients
  48. reservoir
    the sorce of an infectios microorganism
  49. HCV
    Hepatitis C Virus
  50. EPA
    Environmental Protection Agency

    regulates the disposal of hazadous waste
  51. symptoms of shock
    • 1.pale,cold and clammy skin
    • 2.rapid, weak pulse
    • 3.increased breathing rate
    • 4.expressionless face
  52. chain of infection
    events that when present in a series lead to an infection
  53. tunica
    outer layer of blood vessel
  54. biohazard
    biological hazard

    anything harmful to health
  55. veins
    carry blood to the heart and other parts of the body
  56. airborne transmission
    transmission of disease by dispersal of evaporated droplet nuclei containg an infectios agent
  57. parenteral
    any route other that the digestive tract
  58. platelets
    cellular elements that play a roll in blood clotting
  59. HBV
    hepatitis b virus
  60. droplet transmission
    transfer of an infectious agent to the membranes of the mouth, nose, or eyes via infectios droplet generated by coughing, sneezing, or talking
  61. HICPAC
    healtcare infection control practices advisory comitee
  62. chain of infection steps
    • 1.infectious agent
    • 2.reservoir
    • 3.exit pathway
    • 4.means of transmission
    • 5.entry pathway
    • 6.susceptible host
  63. infectious agent
    the pathogen that causes an infection
  64. BBP
    bloodborne pathogens

    infectious microorganisms in blood or body fluids
Card Set
Test 2