EKG Module 110 Pearson's Comprehensive Medical Assisting 2nd Edition Chapter 3 Test

  1. What term is a threat of bodily harm to another?
  2. What is the actual term for bodily harm to another person without permission?
  3. ____________________ law concerns relationships between individuals or between individuals and the government.
  4. What type of law or laws are made to protect the public as a whole from harmful acts of others?
    • Criminal law - falls into 2 groups:
    • 1. Felony
    • 2. Misdemeanor
  5. What is a deceitful practice?
  6. What type of law is a wrongful act that is commited against one person or property that results in harm?
    A tort
  7. What are the 4 D's of negligence?
    • 1. Duty (physician-client relationship)
    • 2. Dereliction (neglet of duty)
    • 3. Direct cause (breach of duty)
    • 4. Damages (any injuries received by the patient)
  8. What can a doctor be charged with if he doesn't give notice to a patient of withdrawal from their case?
    Patient abandonment
  9. This _____________________ asserts that the physician must provide the same knowledge, care, and skill that a similarily trained physician would provide under the same circumstances in the same locality.
    Standard of care
  10. _____________________ means that the plaintiff must provide that the defendants acts (or failure to act) directly caused the injury.
    Proximate cause
  11. When a physician abandons apatient, it is an offense under which type of law?
  12. Patients of which religious preference probably refuse a blood transfusion?
    1. Catholic
    2. Jewish
    3. Hindu
    4. Christian scientist
    5. Muslim
    4. Christian scientist
  13. Which of the following lists the ethics of a MA?
    1. Hippocratic oath
    2. AMA Code of Ethics
    3. AAMA Code of Ethics
    4. The patient's Bill of Rights
    3. AAMA Code of Ethics
  14. HIPAA protects which patient right?
  15. What expression describes that the physician is liable for the behavior of the MA?
    Respondeat superior - "let the master answer"
  16. If a MA is sued in court, the standards of care to which he or she would be compared would be that of ___________________?
    Seasoned medial assistant
  17. What must be documented in writing before undergoing surgery?
    Informed consent
  18. Which of the following does NOT emancipate minors?
    1. Living on their own
    2. Being married
    3. Being self-supporting
    4. Being in the armed forces
    5. Having sexual relations
    5. Having sexual relations
  19. Which of the following is NOT one of the four D's of negligence?
    1. Direct cause
    2. Drug abuse
    3. Damages
    4. Duty
    5. Dereliction of duty
    2. Drug abuse
  20. ____________ law is made to protect the public as a whole from the harmful acts of others.
  21. ______________ law is concerned with a breach or neglect of an understanding between two parties.
  22. What law falls under civil law and covers acts that result in harm to another?
  23. A violation of the personal liberty of another person through unlawful restraint is known as?
    False imprisonment
  24. Physicians are expected to perform the same acts that _________________ and ________________ prudent physicians would perform.
    • Reasonable
    • Prudent
  25. If the physician violates the standard of care he or she is liable for _________________?
  26. HIPAA - defined as the ____________________?
    Medical Patient's Rights Act
  27. Who developed the Patient's Bill of Rights?
    American Hospital Association
  28. What does the Patient's Bill of Rights describe?
    The patient-physician relationship
  29. What are the classifications of the Law?
    • 1. Criminal
    • 2. Civil
    • 3. International
    • 4. Military
  30. Are felonies or misdemeanors less serious?
    Misdemeanors - punishment of fines or imprisonment in jail for up to a year.
  31. What can a conviction of a felony carry?
    A punishment of imprisonment in a state or federal prison or a death sentence
  32. What happens if a physician is convicted of a crime?
    Their license may be revoked or taken away
  33. What is the practice of medicine?
    Diagnosing and prescribing treatment or medication
  34. What does civil law include?
    • 1. Contract law
    • 2. Tort law
    • 3. Administrative law
  35. What is contract law?
    Includes enforceable promises and agreements between two or more persons to do or not do a particular action
  36. What is administrative law?
    Covers regulations that are set by government agencies
  37. What is included in intentional torts?
    • 1. Assault
    • 2. Battery
    • 3. False imprisonment
    • 4. Defamation of character
    • 5. Fraud
    • 6. Invasion of privacy
  38. What is "reasonable person standard?"
    Exercising the type of care that a "reasonable" person would use in a similar circumstance
  39. What is contribulatory negligence?
    It relates to the patient's contribution to the injury
  40. What is a contract?
    A voluntary agreement that two parties neter into with the intent of mutual benefit for both parties
  41. What are the four parts of a contract?
    • 1. Offer
    • 2. Acceptance
    • 3. Consideration
    • 4. Competence
  42. What is a breach of contract?
    It occurs when either party fails to comply with the terms of the agreement
  43. What are the reasons for a premature termination of the physician-patient contract?
    • 1. Failure to pay for services
    • 2. Missed appointments
    • 3. Failure to follow instructions
    • 4. Patient states (orally or in writing) that he or she is seeking the care of another physician
  44. What is the purpose of punitive damages?
    Meant to punish the person for behavior
  45. What is the purpose of nominal damages?
    A penalty that is not a high monetary value is given to punish
  46. What is the purpose of compensary damages?
    A penalty, usually monetary, to compensate the person for damage
  47. What does res ipsa loquitur?
    The thing speaks for itself - applies to the law of negligence
  48. What is malpractice?
    Professional misconduct or demonstration of an unreasonable lack of skill with the result of injury, or damage to the patient
  49. What is statute of limitations?
    The period of time (varies from state to state) during which a patient may file a lawsuit
  50. What is guardian an litem?
    An adult who will act in court on behalf of the child
  51. What is the rule of discovery?
    When the statute of limitations starts after the discovery of an error
  52. Good samaritan laws.
    State laws that help protect a health care professional from liability while giving emergency care to an accident victim. It encourages physicians and other health care professionals to offer CPR and first aid, as needed.
  53. What is defamation of character?
    A scandalous statement about someone that can injure the person's reputation
  54. What is slander?
    It occurs when the defamation statement is spoken
  55. What is libel?
    It occurs when the defamation statement is written
  56. What does the phrase "Quid pro quo" mean?
    Giving something for something else - pertains to workplace sexual harrassment
  57. What are the exceptions (special cases) to the rights minors?
    • 1. Pregnancy
    • 2. Request for birth control
    • 3. Abortion
    • 4. Testing and treatment for sexual transmitted diseases
    • 5. Problems with substance abuse
    • 6. Need for psychiatric care
  58. What are the two types of minors that can give consent for treatment?
    • 1. Mature minor
    • 2. Emanciapated minor
  59. Name the three documents of the Patient Self-Determination Act.
    • 1. Living Will
    • 2. Durable Power of Attorney
    • 3. Uniform Anatomical Gift Act
  60. What is an advance directive?
    A document that allows patients to request that life-sustaining treatments and nutrional support not be used to prolong their life - includes the duarable power of attorney
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EKG Module 110 Pearson's Comprehensive Medical Assisting 2nd Edition Chapter 3 Test
EKG Module 110 Pearson's Comprehensive Medical Assisting 2nd Edition Chapter 3 Test