Causes of WW1
Who made up the Dual Alliance?
Germany and Austria-Hungary
Who made up the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria- Hungary, Italy
Who made up the Triple Entente?
Great Britain, France, Russia
Movement aimed at the unity of slavic peoples
What murder sparked the beginning of the war?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
When and Where was Archduke Franz Ferdinand murdered?
- June 28, 1914
- Sarajeva, Bosnia
Who made up the Allied Forces?
- Great Britain
- United States
Who made up the Central Forces?
- Ottoman Empire
- Austria- Hungary
-Made to help Germany avoid a two-front war
When neither side can gain an advantage
You try to outlast your opponent
what were the 3 main fronts?
- Middle East
Where was the western front located?
france and germany
Where was the eastern front located?
germany and russia
where was the middle east front located?
what were the new weapons of world war 1? (5 weapons)
- 1. Machine guns
- 2. Tank
- 3. airplane
- 4. poison gas
- 5. U-Boat (Submarine)
Characteristics of a total war
- everyone is involved
- made possible by industry
- women's roles change
- cities are targets
What problems did the Czar of Russia face?
- food shortages
- he was an incompetant leader
- outside groups- (Bolsheviks)
- he was an incompetant military leader
- Rasputin influenced the Czarina
To step down from power
What happens in the October Revolution?
- Bolsheviks take power
- Lenin leads
When was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed and what does this cause?
- March 1918
- Causes Russia to drop out of World War 1
What does the U.S.S.R. stand for?
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Reasons for the United States joining the war
- Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
- Make the world safe for democracy
- Zimmerman Note Telegram
- Allies running out of supplies
most famous submarine sinking
What was the Zimmerman Note ?
Message sent from Germany to Mexico that asked Mexico to aid Germany in war against the United States
When did the U.S. join the war?
April 6th 1917
What did the Americans bring to the battle front?
- morale boost
what does the A.E.F. stand for
American Expeditionary Force
What was Woodrow Wilson's idea for peace called?
The 14 Points
What were the aspects of the 14 Points
- fix the main causes of world war1
- only one point was truly accepted (League of Nations)
When was the armistice signed?
November 11th 1918
The official end of WW1
June 28th 1919
What treaty ended WW1
The treaty of Versailles
Who attended the meeting to design the Treaty of Versailles
- Great Britain
What did Germany have to do because of the Treaty of Versailles?
- accept full blame (war guilt clause)
- pay reparations
- they were disarmed
- forced to give up land
Example of a social cost of the war
13 million civilians dead
Example of an economic cost of the war
$350 billion to fund
Example of political cost of the war
This allowed the U.S. to quickly build an army
enthusiastic support and build up of military strength
system of agreements between countries which are used as protection in a time of war
race to grab up as much territory as possible
very strong devotion to one's national group or culture
This stated that Germany would not sink passenger ships, it was quickly broken
The President of the U.S. during WW1
Commander of the A.E.F. during WW1
The leader of Germany during WW1 "The King"
Russian Revolutionary Leader who took control of the government in November 1917
Commander of the French army during WW1 called "papa"
French representative at the peace treaty that ended WW1
Commander of the German Army during WW1
Emperor of Austria during WW1
Russian Ruler during WW1 executed by the revolutionaries in 1917
British representative at the peace treaty that ended WW1
British King during WW1
German foreign secretary who urged Mexico to attack the U.S.
U.S. naval leader during WW1 who devised a system to protect merchant ships crossing the atlantic
German military leader who became the most popular man in Germany during WW1
Austrian Arch-Duke who was heir to the throne of Austria his assassination was 'the spark' that started WW1
The leader of the allied troops in WW1
The only important naval battle of WW1
Russia hoped to gain these by joining the war
Warm water ports