World War 1

  1. Causes of WW1
    • Militarism
    • Alliances
    • Imperialism
    • Nationalism
  2. Who made up the Dual Alliance?
    (2 Countries)
    Germany and Austria-Hungary
  3. Who made up the Triple Alliance?
    (3 Countries)
    Germany, Austria- Hungary, Italy
  4. Who made up the Triple Entente?
    (3 Countries)
    Great Britain, France, Russia
  5. Movement aimed at the unity of slavic peoples
  6. What murder sparked the beginning of the war?
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  7. When and Where was Archduke Franz Ferdinand murdered?
    • June 28, 1914
    • Sarajeva, Bosnia
  8. Who made up the Allied Forces?
    • Great Britain
    • France
    • Russia
    • Italy
    • United States
  9. Who made up the Central Forces?
    • Germany
    • Ottoman Empire
    • Austria- Hungary
    • Bulgaria
  10. -Made to help Germany avoid a two-front war
    Schlieffen Plan
  11. When neither side can gain an advantage
  12. You try to outlast your opponent
  13. what were the 3 main fronts?
    • Western
    • Eastern
    • Middle East
  14. Where was the western front located?
    france and germany
  15. Where was the eastern front located?
    germany and russia
  16. where was the middle east front located?
    ottoman empire
  17. what were the new weapons of world war 1? (5 weapons)
    • 1. Machine guns
    • 2. Tank
    • 3. airplane
    • 4. poison gas
    • 5. U-Boat (Submarine)
  18. Characteristics of a total war
    • everyone is involved
    • made possible by industry
    • rationing
    • women's roles change
    • cities are targets
    • propaganda
  19. What problems did the Czar of Russia face?
    • food shortages
    • he was an incompetant leader
    • outside groups- (Bolsheviks)
    • he was an incompetant military leader
    • Rasputin influenced the Czarina
  20. To step down from power
  21. What happens in the October Revolution?
    • Bolsheviks take power
    • Lenin leads
  22. When was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed and what does this cause?
    • March 1918
    • Causes Russia to drop out of World War 1
  23. What does the U.S.S.R. stand for?
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  24. Reasons for the United States joining the war
    • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
    • Make the world safe for democracy
    • Zimmerman Note Telegram
    • Allies running out of supplies
  25. most famous submarine sinking
    The Lusitania
  26. What was the Zimmerman Note ?
    Message sent from Germany to Mexico that asked Mexico to aid Germany in war against the United States
  27. When did the U.S. join the war?
    April 6th 1917
  28. What did the Americans bring to the battle front?
    • guns
    • supplies
    • troops
    • morale boost
  29. what does the A.E.F. stand for
    American Expeditionary Force
  30. What was Woodrow Wilson's idea for peace called?
    The 14 Points
  31. What were the aspects of the 14 Points
    • fix the main causes of world war1
    • only one point was truly accepted (League of Nations)
  32. When was the armistice signed?
    November 11th 1918
  33. The official end of WW1
    June 28th 1919
  34. What treaty ended WW1
    The treaty of Versailles
  35. Who attended the meeting to design the Treaty of Versailles
    • Great Britain
    • France
    • Italy
    • U.S.
  36. What did Germany have to do because of the Treaty of Versailles?
    • accept full blame (war guilt clause)
    • pay reparations
    • they were disarmed
    • forced to give up land
  37. Example of a social cost of the war
    13 million civilians dead
  38. Example of an economic cost of the war
    $350 billion to fund
  39. Example of political cost of the war
    empires dissolve
  40. This allowed the U.S. to quickly build an army
  41. enthusiastic support and build up of military strength
  42. system of agreements between countries which are used as protection in a time of war
  43. race to grab up as much territory as possible
  44. very strong devotion to one's national group or culture
  45. This stated that Germany would not sink passenger ships, it was quickly broken
    Sussex pledge
  46. The President of the U.S. during WW1
    Woodrow Wilson
  47. Commander of the A.E.F. during WW1
  48. The leader of Germany during WW1 "The King"
    Kaiser Wilhelm
  49. Russian Revolutionary Leader who took control of the government in November 1917
  50. Commander of the French army during WW1 called "papa"
  51. French representative at the peace treaty that ended WW1
  52. Commander of the German Army during WW1
  53. Emperor of Austria during WW1
  54. Russian Ruler during WW1 executed by the revolutionaries in 1917
    Nicholas II
  55. British representative at the peace treaty that ended WW1
    Lloyd George
  56. British King during WW1
    George V
  57. German foreign secretary who urged Mexico to attack the U.S.
  58. U.S. naval leader during WW1 who devised a system to protect merchant ships crossing the atlantic
  59. German military leader who became the most popular man in Germany during WW1
  60. Austrian Arch-Duke who was heir to the throne of Austria his assassination was 'the spark' that started WW1
    Franz Ferdinand
  61. The leader of the allied troops in WW1
  62. The only important naval battle of WW1
  63. Russia hoped to gain these by joining the war
    Warm water ports
Card Set
World War 1
The Great War