cognitive approach

  1. George Kelly
    • Personal constructs
    • funamental postulates
    • fixed role therapy
  2. Albert Ellis
    • ABC
    • flooding
    • rational humorus songs
    • cognitive therapies
    • asked out 100 women in a month
  3. Susan Anderson
    Transference (dejavu effect)
  4. Wagner
    • hyper-sensitivity of unwanted thoughts
    • white bear study
  5. Bem
    gender schemas
  6. personal constructs
    • people see the world through their own general beliefs
    • we interpret things based on our general beliefs
  7. personal constructs and attraction link
    we are attracted to those with similar personal constructs
  8. fundamental postulate
    • your main "thesis"
    • idea that an individual is most proud of
  9. psychological problems according to kelly
    • faulty personal construct
    • doesn not match up with reality
  10. kelly's primary goal of cognitive therapy
    • replace faulty constructs with more realistic ones
    • either discard it or change it to match with reality
  11. Ellis' ABC
    • A+B=C
    • A-Activating experience (people think this is the real problem)
    • B-Irrational Belief (Ellis believes this is the real problem)
    • C- Consequential emotions (must be an emotion
  12. psychological problems according to Ellis
    • irrational beliefs
    • lies in the unconscious
    • more powerful can't be easily diluted by magic
  13. Ellis and music
    rational humourous songs
  14. cognitive restructuring
    • changing thought processes
    • replacing irrational thoughts with more realistic ones
  15. fixed-role therapy
    the patient comes up with a different character that thinks rationaly and the patient is encouraged to try and become that person
  16. the rep tests
    • looking for faulty construts by testing to see peoples personal constructs
    • the client lists 24 people and the therapist takes 3 of those names and asks the client to compare 2 of them to the remaining 1
  17. The mocassin technique
    • walking a mile in someones shoes
    • role playing
    • making up and acting as a character who has the opposite personal construct from the irrational belief
    • purpose is to reduce slipping back into original belief over time
  18. Rational-emotive therapy
    ABC therapy
  19. internal monologue
    • self talk
    • often negative
    • change to a positive monologue to attack irrational belief to promote a rational belief
  20. transference in cognitive research
    • different from psychodynamic version
    • If we meet someone (for the first time) who is similar to someone significat in our lives we are likely to think that person is actually similar to that same person
  21. unwanted thoughts
    • when we try to think about getting rid of an unwanted thought we actually think about it much more
    • white bear study
  22. white bear study
    • people had to sit in a room and could think about everything except white bears and recorded every time it happened
    • one group was specifically told not to think about white bears
  23. schemas
    cognitive structures that help us percieve information quicker but sometimes inaccurately
  24. priming studies
    bringing something to mind
  25. gender-schema research
    • androgyny research (masculinity and femininity)
    • sex-typed individuals
    • world is viewed based on gender-stereotype schema
    • more sensitive to societal gender norms
    • more likely to confuse members of same gender
  26. depressive schema research
    • selective attention (more likely to pay attention to negative things)
    • negative interpretation (enhanced memory on negative experiences)
  27. facial feedback study
    • idea was that behavior determines thoughts
    • one group had to hold a pen between teeth without (simulated smiling) biting it while listening to jokes and rating the jokes on how funny it was
    • other group did the same thing but held pen with lips
    • first group found jokes more funny
Card Set
cognitive approach
cognitive approach