Discovering Psychology

  1. Independent varible
    the purposely manipulated factor thought to produce change in the experiment. (AKA treament of interest)
  2. illusory correlation
    mistaken belief that two factors or events are related when they are not
  3. hypothesis
    attentitive statement about the relationship of two or more variables
  4. humanistic psychology
    the school of psychology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasize each unique person's potential for psychological growth and self-direction
  5. functionalism
    early school of psychology emphasize studying purpose or function of behavior and mental experiences
  6. experimental method
    method of invesitigation used to demonstrate cause and effect relationships by purposefully manipulating one factor thought to produce change in another factor
  7. experimental group/condition
    an experiment, the group of parcipants that are exposed to all experimental conditions including independent variable
  8. placebo effect
    changes in subject behavior produced by subjects belief that change should happen
  9. impirical evidence
    evidence that is based upon objective observation, measurment, or experimentation
  10. psychiatrist
    a psychologists with a medical degree (can perscribe medicine)
  11. psychologist
    ph.d in psychology (can perscribe in some states after a special test)
  12. double-blind
    the technique in which neither particpants or the researchers interacting with the participants know who got the experimental condition
  13. dependent variable
    the variable measured or observed for change
  14. correlation study
    research stratigy that allows calculation of how closely related two variables are
  15. control group
    the group that is exposed to all but the independent variable
  16. compartive psychology
    branch of psychology that studies other species
  17. case study
    study of individuals or small group of individuals
  18. behaviorism
    study of psychology that emphasized observable behaviors (especially about learning)
  19. variable
    can be changed in ways that can be observed measured or varified
  20. theory
    explanation that account for various findings and observations
  21. survey
  22. structualism
    emphasizes basic components of consciouss experiments
  23. scientific method
    one way of testing variables that include control and experimental groups
  24. falsifiability
    can be proven wrong
  25. psychology
    study of behavior and mantal process
  26. Psudoscience
    Science that is false or fake
  27. psychoanalysis
    personality theory or form of pschotherapy emphazies role of unconcious factors in personality and behavior
  28. positive correlation
    finding two factors sysematically in same direction increasing and decreasing together
  29. negative corelation
    two factors systematically in opposite direction ones increases while other decreases
  30. naturalistic observavtion
    Observing as it naturally happens in enviroment
  31. Endorphines
    nerotransmitters that regulate pain perceptions
  32. endocrine system
    sytem of glandss through body that secreat hormones into bloodstream
  33. Dopamine
    Nerotransmiter regulates body movement thought process and reward senatations
  34. Dendrites
    Extend from neuron's cell body receive info from other neurons and sensory receptors
Card Set
Discovering Psychology
Chapters 1 2 3