ANTH2700 T7 2

  1. Nose in which nostrils open downward and are seperated by a narrow nasal septum; found in OWM, apes, and humans.
    catarrhine nose
  2. A thickening of the skin overlying a posterior section of the pelvis (ischial tuberosity), found in OWM and some apes.
    ishial callosities
  3. Found in the female of some primate species; skin in the anal region that turns bright pink or red and may swell when the animal is in estrus.
    sexual skin
  4. Pockets in the cheek that open into the mouth; some OWM store food in them...
    cheek pouches
  5. many arboreal and all semi-terrestrial monkeys of Africa belong to the subfamily...
  6. OWM comprise what superfamily? is it divided?
    • superfamily Cercopithecoidea
    • subfamilies Cercopithecinae and Colobinae
  7. 6 traits of the Cercopithecinae monkeys...
    • sexual dimorphism
    • ischial callosities
    • sexual skin
    • omnivorous diet
    • cheek pouches
    • semiterrestrial (many)
  8. the ground dwelling monkeys of the savanna...
  9. "dog faced" (prognathstic) monkeys with formidable canines...
  10. the Asiatic Cercopithecinae...
  11. guenons, mangabeys, patas, vervet, drill, and mandrill are all...
    African Cercopithecoids
  12. feature of subfamily Colobinae, allows them to break down cellulose found in leaves...
    complex sacculated stomach
  13. A common term that includes the small-bodied apes (the gibbon and siamang) and the great apes (the orangutan, chimpanzee, bonobo, and gorilla)
  14. 2 differences between apes and monkeys...
    • apes have no tail
    • monkeys are built for quadrupedialism (apes for suspensory behavior)
  15. gibbons comprise what family?
  16. The gibbons and siamangs of Asia...
    small-bodied apes (lesser apes)
  17. Hand over hand locomation along a branch with the body suspended underneath the branch by the arms
  18. the four types of gibbons, correlated with the four genera of the family Hylobatidae? many species total?..
    • dwarf gibbons, hoolock gibbons, crested gibbons, and siamangs
    • 13
  19. where are gibbons (family Hylobatidae) distributed?
    southern China, southeast Asia, Indonesia
  20. a term that refers to the orangutan from
    Asia and the chimpanzee, bonobo, and gorilla from Africa...
    great ape
  21. the three subfamilies of Hominidae...
    • subfamily Pongidae
    • subfamily Gorillinae
    • subfamily Homininae
  22. the two types of orangutans...
    • Sumatran orangutans
    • Borneo orangutans
  23. adverage weight of the female Borneo orangutan?
    ...of the male?...
    • 37k
    • 77.5k
  24. male orangutans have...
    ...the dominant male Borneo type develops a...
    • cheek pads
    • throat pouch
  25. 5 facts about orangutans; they...
    • are omnivouous
    • are arboreal
    • are mostly solitary
    • develop slowley
    • will be extinct in the wild in 10 years
  26. the two subfamilies of African great apes...
    • subfamily Gorillinae
    • subfamily Homininae
  27. the subfamily that contains chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans...
    subfamily Homininae
  28. two kinds of gorillas...
    • mountain gorillas
    • western lowland gorillas
    • Africa
  29. weight of male gorilla...
    • 169.5 k
    • 71.5 k
  30. gorillas diet?
    vegetarian + insects
  31. gorilla locomotor pattern?
    knuckle walking, brief bipedalism
  32. gorilla social groups 2...
    • small family groups
    • 3-21 animals
  33. how many subspecies of chimpanzee?
    • 3
    • Africa
  34. weight of male chimp?
    ...weight of female...
    • 40-60k
    • 32-37k
  35. chimpanzee diet 4...
    fruit, insects, plants, meat
  36. chimpanzee locomation 2
    • knuckle walking
    • arborial locomoter patterns
  37. chimp social structure?
    large communities broken in to smaller groups with everchanging membership.
  38. chimp lifespan
    53 years
  39. bonobo male weight...
    ...female weight?...
    • 39 k
    • 31 k
  40. bonobo lifespan...
    40 years
  41. bonobo diet?
    veggies, insects, earthworms, meat supplements
  42. bonobo social organization 3...
    • larger communities (than chimps)
    • easygoing
    • nonreproductive sexual behavior
  43. Homo sapiens traits 6...
    • wide geographical distribution
    • bipedalism
    • hairlessness
    • big brain
    • long childhood
    • omnivorous
  44. Human social organization...
    varied tremendously
Card Set
ANTH2700 T7 2
ANTH2700 T7 2