Poli cht 13 &14 final

  1. Civil Servants
    Government workers employed under the merit system; not political appointees
  2. Civil Service
    Federal government jobs held by civilian employees, excluding political appointees
  3. Cost-Benefit Analysis
    A method of evaluating rules and regulations by weighing their potential costs against their potential benefits to society
  4. Spoils System/Patronage
    The practice of distributing government offices and contracts to the supporters of the winning party
  5. Appropriation
    Legal authority for a federal agency to spend money from the U.S. Treasury
  6. Privatization
    The process of turning over certain government functions to the private sector
  7. Whistle-Blowers
    People who bring official misconduct in their agencies to public attention
  8. Judicial Review
    The power of the Supreme Court to declare actions of the other branches and levels of government unconstitutional
  9. Executive Privilege
    A presidential claim that certain communications with subordinates may be withheld from Congress and the courts
  10. Separate but Equal Doctrine
    The principle articulated in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) that laws prescribing separate public facilities and servicesfor nonwhite Americans are permissible if the facilities and services are equal to those provided for whites
  11. Superprecedent
    Landmark rulings, that have been reaffirmed by the Court over the course of many years and whose reasoning has become part of the fabric of American law.
  12. Plaintiff
    One who brings suit in a court
  13. In Forma Pauperis
    Describing a process by which indigents may file a suit with the Supreme Court free of charge
  14. Writ of Certiorari
    An announcement that the Supreme Court will hear a case on appeal from a lower court; its issuance requires the vote of four of the nine justices
  15. Laissez-Faire
    The political-economic doctrine that holds that government ought not interfere with the operations of the free market
  16. Judicial Activism
    Actions by the courts that go beyond the strict role of the judiciary as interpreter of the law and adjudicator of disputes
  17. Remedy
    An action that a court determines must be taken to rectify a wrong
  18. Original Intent
    The doctrine that courts must interpret the Constitution in ways consistent with the intentions of the framers rather than in light of contemporary conditions and needs
  19. Strict Construction
    The doctrine that the provisions of the Constitution have a clear meaning and that judges must stick closely to this meaning when rendering decisions
  20. Test Case
    A case brought to force ruling on the constitutionality of some law or executive
  21. Class Action Suit
    A suit brought on behalf of a group of people who are in a situation similar to that of the plaintiffs
Card Set
Poli cht 13 &14 final
poli 2051 chapter 13 The Bureaucracy and chpt 14 The Judiciary final