Language Variation

  1. Variety of language,whether regional or social, systematically different from other varieties of the same language in structural or lexical features
  2. Systematic phonological variation among dialects
  3. Defined by Leonard Bloomfield as a range of dialects spoken across some geographical area that differ only slightly between neighboring areas but as one travels in any direction, these differences accumulate such that speakers are opposite ends of the ____________ are no longer mutually intelligible
    Dialect continuum
  4. Study of language in use, especially in terms of variation
  5. Experiment by Labov where he asked employees at Macy's to say "fourth floor."
    Labov's roticity RAS
  6. Groups of speakers who share linguistic norms and ideologies
    Speech communities
  7. Major factors in language variation within speech communities
    Age, gender, socioeconomic class, race/ethnicity
  8. Language in which inflection, rather than word order, mostly indicates grammatical function within a sentence
    Synthetic language
  9. English spoken from 450 (fall of Rome) - 1066 (Norman Conquest)
    Old English
  10. English spoken from 1066 - 1476 (Arrival of the printing press)
    Middle English
  11. Influences of middle english
    Norman and Latin
  12. A major chanvge in the pronunciation of the English language that took place in southern england between 1450 and 1750
    Great vowel shift
  13. Factors in rise of Middle english
    Great vowel shift, Chaucer, Black Plague
  14. English spoken from 1476 - 1776
    Early modern english
  15. Factors in rise of Early modern english
    Printing press, Great Vowel Shift, Shakespeare
  16. How did Shakespeare impact the language?
    At the time English was unstructured and was absorbing words from tons of other languages. Sheakespeare wrote in English, "dignified" the language because he was identified as "brilliant." Also coined a ton of words.
  17. How did the KJV of the Bible impact English language?
    English protestants required everyone to have access to Biblical texts in English. Reading became a matter of religious practice.
  18. Factors contributing to world English
    British Empire, WWII, English in the USA
  19. How did WWII contribute to Modern English?
    Most Allied powers were English speaking countries all over the world (USA, England, Australia)
  20. What is the official language of the US?
    Not English. English is only the defacto language
  21. The belief that every member of a society, irrespective of his native language, should learn and use the dominant language of the society in which he lives
  22. Drawbacks of assimilation
    Langauge acquisition is difficult
  23. benefits of assimilation
    Puts everyone on equal footing
  24. Denotes the restoration and development of an indigenous langauge along with its adoption by the state as an official language. Examples: Hebrew in the sate of Israel
  25. The recognition and support of multiple languages within one society
Card Set
Language Variation
Elang 223 Language Variation