respiratory system diseases

  1. describe asthma
    respiratory disease caused by increased responsiveness of the tracheobroncial tree to various stimuli
  2. describe pnemonia
    an inflimmation or infection of the lungs characherized by exudate (a build up of fluid) in the alveoli
  3. describe emphysema
    a chronic (long-term disease), non-infectious, progressive, respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity
  4. describe epistaxis
    nose bleed
  5. describe influenza
    a viral infection of the upper respiratory system
  6. describe laryngitis
    an inflammation of the larynx
  7. describe rhinitis
    inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane
  8. describe sinusitis
    inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the sinus
  9. what disease is the most common cause of chronic illness in children under the age of 17
  10. what disease was the leading cause of death in the US untill 1936
  11. what disease has new vaccines developed to fight it every year
  12. which disease is primarily caused by chronic irritation of the lungs from smoking
  13. what are the symptoms of asthma (severe attack)
    • use of accessory muscles,
    • distant breathing,
    • loud wheezing,
    • fatigue,
    • moist skin,
    • anxiety and apprehension,
    • severe dyspnea,
    • difficult speaking
  14. what are the symptoms of pnemonia
    • chils,
    • fever,
    • chest pain,
    • productive cough,
    • dyspnea,
    • fatigue,
    • tachycardia/tachypnea,
    • diminished breath sound,
    • crackles,
    • pallor,
    • abdominal pain
  15. what are the symptoms of emphysema
    • vary from mild to severe,
    • shortness of breath,
    • cough that progressively gets worse,
    • fatigue,
    • cyanosis,
    • edema (swelling),
    • crackles,
    • weezing,
    • distant breath
  16. what are the symptoms of epistaxis
    bleeding of the nose
  17. what are the symptoms of laryngitis
    • hoarsness or loss of voice,
    • sore throat,
    • dysphagia (difficult swallowing)
  18. how are asthma attacks treated
    • prevent or treat airway obstruction and airways hyperresponsiveness due to the inflammatory process,
    • bronchiodilators,
    • anti-inflammatory drugs,
    • combination drugs
  19. how is epistaxis treated
    • compress the nostrils toward the septum,
    • elevate the head and tilt it slightly forward,
    • cold compresses,
    • nasal packing,
    • cauterize (burn and destroy) the bleeding vessels,
    • treatment of the underlying cause
  20. how is pnemonia treated
    • rest,
    • fluids,
    • antibiotics,
    • respiratory therapy/oxygen as needed,
    • pain meds
  21. how is emphysema treated
    • quit smoking,
    • pursed lip breathing,
    • oxygen therapy,
    • respiratory therapy,
    • medications,
    • surgery in select patients
  22. list several triggers of althma
    • allergens,
    • respiratory tract infections, hyperventilation,
    • cold air,
    • exercise,
    • drugs and chemicals,
    • emotional upset,
    • airborne pollutants
  23. list the causes of air way narrowing in an asthma attack
    • bronchospasm,
    • edemia,
    • mucus plugging
  24. list several defense mechanisms of the airways
    • nasopharyngeal defenses,
    • epiglottis and cough reflexes,
    • immunological defenses
  25. list several factors that predispose a patient to pnemonia
    • smoking, altered consciousness,
    • tracheal intubation,
    • upper respiratory infection,
    • chronic diseases,
    • immunosuppression,
    • aspiration,
    • debilitating illness,
    • prolonged immobility,
    • altered oropharyngeal flora
  26. what is the cause of emphysema in 80-90% of patients
  27. what happens to the size of the lungs in patients with emphysema
  28. what is the most important thing patients with emphysema can do
    stop spoking
  29. list several things that can cause epistaxis
    • injury to nose,
    • hypertension,
    • chronic infection,
    • anticoagulant drugs,
    • blood diseases such as hemophilia and leukemia
  30. list several diseases that can be causes by smoking
    • emphysema,
    • lung cancer,
    • stroke,
    • heart attack,
    • high blood pressure
  31. what is painted onto the lungs of smokers as they smoke
  32. does quitting smoking help smokers reduce the risks of developing many of the problems associated with smoking
Card Set
respiratory system diseases