1. Substances that produce quick energy and are the body's primary source of energy?
  2. Type of fat necessary for vitamin D and bile acid production?
  3. Substance that builds and repairs body tissue and breaks down the formation of enzymes so they can be absorbed by the small intestine?
  4. Diet low in sodium- rich foods and seasonings?
    Sodium-restricted diet
  5. What are the 3 learning types?
    • Cognitive
    • Affective
    • Psychomotor
  6. To be an effective patient educator which two skills are needed?
    • Understanding (of human behavior) and
    • Good communication
  7. Learning type based on what a person already knows or has experienced, usually expressed in words?
  8. Learning type that is concerned with the person's emotions and feelings?
  9. Learning type that relates to movement or muscular activity associated with mental processes?
  10. 4 Steps of patient education?
    • Assessing the patient (readiness to learn)
    • Forming a plan
    • implementing the plan
    • Evaluating the process
  11. T or F:
    The key to patient teaching is not to focus on how to make the patient do something but to create a situation in which the patient will want to do what is needed.
  12. How would you evaluate the patient's ability to learn?
    Use objective data: ask open ended questions, or ask the patient to demonstrate what is required.
  13. Of the recommended 6 ounces of grains, how many should be whole grains?
    3 ounces
  14. Complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, supply what with energy?
    Muscles and brain
  15. Accepted body weight for an individual is calculated using what?
    • BMI (Body mass index)
    • weight (kg) ÷ height (m2)
  16. Where are fat-soluble vitamins stored? 4 types of fat-soluble vitamins?
    Stored in body fat, A, D, E, K
  17. Where is glucose absorbed from carbohydrates? Where is glucose processed?
    Absorbed in sm intestine, processed in the liver
  18. A deficiency in vitamin A could result in what?
    Night blindness, skin disorders, hair loss, susceptibility to infection
  19. A deficiency in vitamin D could result in what?
    Rickets (soft bones) in children, osteomalacia (soft bones) in adults.
  20. A deficiency in vitamin C could result in what?
    Scurvy (affects mucous membranes, gums, and skin) slow healing
  21. Where does the body synthesize B-complex vitamins?
    In the large intestines
  22. Cyanocobalamin is best known as what?
    Vitamin B12
  23. A deficiency in folic acid could result in what?
    Spina bifida, anencephaly, macrocytic anemia
  24. A deficiency in Zinc (Zn) results in what?
    Poor wound healing, impaired growth, loss of appetite
  25. Diets high in what have been linked to high cholesterol levels in the blood?
    Saturated fats
  26. Sources of fats and cholesterol include?
    • Eggs (animal fats)
    • Organ meats (High cholesterol)
    • Egg yolks (High cholesterol)
  27. How many amino acids are in protein?
    22 amino acids
  28. How many amino acids can the body not synthesize?
    8 amino acids of 22 found in protein
  29. Type of diet prescribed to patients with high blood pressure, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease?
    Sodium-restricted diets
  30. Type of diet that offers quick weight-loss but has no long-term advantage?
    Fad diets
Card Set