poli 2051 chpt 12

  1. Habeas Corpus
    The legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a timely hearing before a judge
  2. Trusts
    Large combinations of business corporations
  3. State of the Union
    Annual address to the nation by the president, delivered before a joint session of Congress, on the state of the nation and his legislative proposals for addressing national problems
  4. Executive Order
    A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the force of law, based either on the constitutional powers of the powers of the presidency or on congressional statutes
  5. Treaty
    A formal international agreement between two or more countries; in the United States, requires the“advice and consent” of the Senate
  6. Executive Agreement
    An agreement with another country signed by the president that has the force of law, like a treaty; does not require Senate approval; originally used for minor technical matters, now an important tool of presidential power in foreign affairs
  7. Institutional Presidency
    The permanent bureaucracy associated with the presidency, designed to help the incumbent of the office carry out his responsibilities
  8. Chief of Staff
    A top advisor to the president who also manages the White House staff
  9. National Security Adviser
    A top foreign policy and defense adviser to the president who heads the National Security Council
  10. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
    A group of organizations that advise the president on a wide range of issues; includes the Office of Management and Budget, the National Security, and the Council of Economic Advisers
  11. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    An organization within the Executive Office of the President that advises on the federal budget, domestic legislation, and regulations
  12. Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)
    An organization in the Executive Office of the President made up of a small group of economists who advise on economic policy
  13. National Security Council (NSC)
    An organization in the Executive Office of the President made up of officials from the State and Defense Departments, the CIA, and the military, who advise on foreign and security affairs
  14. Divided Government
    Control of the executive and the legislative branches by different political parties
  15. Presidential Popularity
    The percentage of Americans who approve a president’s handling of his job
Card Set
poli 2051 chpt 12
poli 2051 chapter 12 The Presidency final