in which complex startling, intellectual analogies are mad. Used by the metaphysical poets of the 17 th century.
The sign (') used to indicate ommission of a one or more letters in a word.
Example: O'er (Over)
A figure of Speech by which a loultion produces an incongrous seemlingly contridictory effect.
Example: Cruel Kindness
the placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which
it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas
Example: Give me Liberty or give me Death!
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Example: "War is peace."
"Freedom is slavery."
"Ignorance is strength."
(George Orwell, 1984)
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its
different meanings or applications, or the use of wordsthat are alike
or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
Example: I decided that becoming a vegetarian was a missed steak.
an act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, esp. by the confusion of words that are similar in sound.
Example: Lead the Way and we'll precede
a double meaning.
obvious and intentional exaggeration.
Example: To wait an eternity
to state or represent less strongly or strikingly than the facts would
bear out; set forth in restrained, moderate, or weakterms: The casualty lists understate the extent of the disaster.
understatement, esp. that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary, as in “not bad at all.”
pleasant in sound; agreeable to the ear; characterized by euphony: a sweet, euphonious voice.
having a harsh or discordant sound.
the commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group (consonantal alliteration), as in from stem to stern, or with a vowel sound that may differ from syllable to syllable (vocalic alliteration), as in each to all.Compare consonance (def. 4a).
Resemblance of sounds. Also called vowel rhyme. Prosody. rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words, asin penitent and reticence.
Prosody. a.the correspondence of consonants, esp. those at the end of a word, in a passage of prose or verse. Compare alliteration (def. 1).b.the use of the repetition of consonants or consonant patterns as a rhyming device.
A blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest the
activity being described.
( / )
Rhyme within a line of poetry
Words which seem to rhyme because parts of them are spelled identically but
Rhyming words in which both
the vowel and consonant sounds rhyme. Important that it rhymes with the sound
and not the spelling.
Trochaic rhymes, such as dying and crying.
Rhymes produced with one syllable words, like sky and fly
use of the same words in rhyming positions, such as veil and veil.
See Eye Rhyme
near rhyme in which the concluding consonant sounds are identical, but not the
vowels, such as “should” and “food”
mooth; agreeable; flowing freely: the liquid voice of a trained orator.
(of a stop consonant or occlusive) characterized by release in a plosion; explosive.
A two syllable foot consisting of a light stress
followed by a heavy stress.
A two syllable foot consisting of a heavy
followed by a light stress.
- A three syllable foot
consisting of heavy stress followed by two lights such as “Notable Parables”
a foot of three syllables, two short followed by one long in
quantitative meter, and two unstressed followed by one stressedin
accentual meter, as in for the nonce.
a short oblique stroke (/) between two words indicating that whichever
is appropriate may be chosen to complete the senseof the text in which
they occur: The defendant and/or his/her attorney must appear in court.
a mark (˘) over a vowel to show that it is short, or to indicate a specific pronunciation, as ŭ in (kŭt) cut.
- A two syllable font
consisting of successive, equally heavy accents.
a line consisting of one metrical foot
A line consisting of two metrical feet
A line consisting of three metrical feet
A line consisting of four metrical feet
A line consisting of five metrical feet
A line consisting of 6 metrical feet
A line consisting of 7 metrical feet
A line consisting of 8 metrical feet
a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete
or material forms; figurative treatment of one subjectunder the guise
a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson. 2.a statement or comment that conveys a meaning indirectly by the use of comparison, analogy, or the like.
a short tale to teach a moral lesson, often with animals or inanimate objects as characters; apologue: the fable of the tortoise and the hare; Aesop's fables.
The wording, coloring, and placement get people. Natural
Story begins at the end, and describes how the plot came to be
a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases, as in “He went to the country, to the town went she.”
stock character is a stereotype. Stock characters rely heavily on
cultural types or names for their personality, manner of speech, and
other characteristics. In their most general form, stock characters are
related to literary archetypes, but they are often more narrowly
a character in a play, novel, or the like who voices the central theme, philosophy, or point of view of the work.
a woman to whom secrets are confided or with whom private matters and problems are discussed
brief poem or other writing in praise of a deceased person
portrayal; description: the actor's characterization of a politician. The creation and convincing representation of ficitious characters
Verse that doesnt follow a fixed metrical pattern
unrhymed verse, esp. the unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.
follows a strict metrical pattern
that avoid traditional structural patterns, such as rhyme or meter, in favor of
other methods of organization.
written in specific and traditional patterns produced through rhyme, meter,
line-length and line groupings.
stanzaic poetic from with varying line lengths and sometimes intricate rhyme
Poetry depicting visual shapes in addition to
ideas and emotions.
closed poetic form of nineteen lines, composed of five triplets and a
concluding quatrain. The form requires that whole lines be repeated in a
specific order and that only two rhyming sounds occur throughout.
- A humorous closed form
poem in four lines, rhyming A-A-B-B usually about a real or literary person.
poetic form derived from Japanese, traditionally containing three lines of 5,7
and five syllables.
Two Successive Rhyming lines.
called Neoclassic couplet, Two successive rhyming lines of aimbic pentameter;
the second line is usually end-stopped. Couplets written between 1660 and 1800
are usually called heroic regardless of their
- A three line unit or stanza
of poetry, often rhyming A-A-A or A-B-A.
- A three line unit or stanza
of poetry, often rhyming A-A-A or A-B-A.
three line stanza from with the pattern A-B-A, B-C-B, etc.
A group of four lines united by rhyme
five line poem
six line stanza or unit of poetry, the last 6 lines of an Italian sonnet.
seven line stanza or unit of poetry
first eight lines of an Italian sonnet, unifed
by rhythm, rhyme and topic.
fourteen line poem, in iambic pentameter, composed of three quatrains and a
couplet, rhyming A-B-A-B, C-D-C-D, E-F-E-F, G-G.
iambic pentameter poem of fourteen lines divided between the first 8 lines and
the last 6.
Carpe Diem Poem
poem that expresses making the most of time
he running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanza to the next without a syntactical break.
a simple narrative poem of folk origin, composed in short stanzas and adapted for singing.
lyric poem with a number of repeating stanzas, written to be set in music.
a poem, play, or the like, dealing with the life of shepherds, commonly
in a conventional or artificial manner, or with simplerural life
generally; a bucolic.
a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.
he use in the 16th century of borrowed material in a musical setting of the Mass
Post modern theatrics, that discusses the issues among society and how people deal
light, humorous play in which the plot depends upon a skillfully
exploited situation rather than upon the development ofcharacter.
Funny play but involves romance
ubjected the classic to minute scrutiny.
comedy characterized by boisterous action, as the throwing of pies in
actors' faces, mugging, and obvious farcical situationsand jokes.