GS 27 Vocab

  1. (1887–1975) Chinese general and politician; he succeeded Sun Yixian as leader of the Nationalist Party in China and led attacks against Communists in China in the 1920s.
    Jiang Jieshi
  2. (1893–1976) Leader of the Chinese Communists; he led a successful revolution and established a Communist government in China in 1949
    Mao Zedong
  3. (1934) the 6,000-mile journey made by Communist Chinese to escape Nationalist troops
    Long March
  4. (1919) an event in which British troops fired on a large crowd of peaceful, unarmed Indian protestors, killing some 400 people; it led to a campaign of protest led by Gandhi
    Amritsar Massacre
  5. (1869–1948) Leader of India’s struggle for independence from Great Britain; he organized the population for protest through the methods of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience
    Mohandas Gandhi
  6. (1881–1938) Turkish leader and founder of modern Turkey; he sought to transform Turkey into a modern, secular state with separation between religion (Islam) and government
    Kemal Atatürk
  7. an arrangement by which a purchaser borrows money from a bank or other lender and agrees to pay it back over time
  8. October 29, 1929, the day that the United States stock market crashed
    Black Tuesday
  9. (1929–1930s) a severe worldwide depression that followed the collapse of the United States stock market; prices and wages fell, business activity slowed, and unemployment rose
    Great Depression
  10. (1882–1945) Thirty-second president of the United States; he was elected president four times. He led the United States during the major crises of the Great Depression and World War II.
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt
  11. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan of economic relief, recovery, and reforms for the country during the Great Depression
    New Deal
  12. (1883–1946) British economist; his revolutionary economic theory, which stated that governments could prevent economic downturns by defi cit spending, provided the basis for some of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies
    John Maynard Keynes
  13. (1930) a U.S. law that set extremely high tariffs on imports in an effort to protect American farmers and manufacturers; the result was a worsening of the Great Depression
    Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
  14. wealth or success
  15. (1931) using an explosion on a Japanese-controlled Southern Manchurian railroad as an excuse, Japanese military forces conquered Manchuria and set up a puppet government
    Manchurian Incident
  16. Japanese puppet state (1932-1945) formed in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia
  17. (1936) agreement signed between Germany and Japan in which they established their opposition to the Comintern, a Soviet-sponsored international organization aimed at spreading communism
    Anti-Comintern Pact
  18. (1937) the murder of as many as 300,000 Chinese men, women, and children by Japanese troops
    Nanjing Massacre
  19. later; following in time
  20. Italian Fascist leader; he ruled as Italy’s dictator for more than 20 years beginning in 1922. His alliance with Hitler brought Italy into World War II
    Benito Mussolini
  21. a totalitarian system of government that focuses on the good of the state rather than on the good of the individual citizens
  22. form of government in which the person or party in charge has absolute control over all aspects of life
  23. (1879–1953) Totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union; he led the Soviet Union through World War II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of infl uence in Eastern Europe after the war.
    Joseph Stalin
  24. a Soviet forced labor camp or prison, used especially for political dissidents
  25. (1889–1945) Totalitarian dictator of Germany; his invasion of European countries led to World War II. He espoused notions of racial superiority and was responsible for the mass murder of millions of Jews and others in the Holocaust.
    Adolf Hitler
  26. National Socialist Party; fascist political party of Adolf Hitler governed on totalitarian lines and advocating German racial superiority
    Nazi Party
  27. hostility or prejudice towards Jews
  28. Nazi laws that eliminated citizenship and many civil and property rights for Jews
    Nuremberg Laws
  29. (1938) "night of broken glass"; an event that occurred on the nights of November 9 and 10 in which Hitler's Nazis encouraged Germans to riot against Jews; nearly 100 Jews died
Card Set
GS 27 Vocab
vocab 27