which type of focal or partial seizures are automatism or psychical?
tonic clonic, absence, and myoclonic are all ________ seizures
what is the prototype for treating tonic-clonic and partial seizures?
what is the most common barbiturate used in tx of epilepsy?
what is structurally related to tricyclic antidepressants
used primarily in partial seizures
special interest in dentistry because it frequently is used to treat trigeminal neuralgia
and does NOT cause gingival hyperplasia?
what is the most common neurologic disorder?
T/F epilepsy is a SYMPTOM rather than a disease
does a patient remain conscious or unconscious with a jacsonian motor vs jacksonian sensory epilepsy?
what may increase the effects and toxicity of tonic-clonic or partial seizures when taking phenytoin?
what is an ADE of phenytoin seen in the dental office?
what is the most difficult seizure management?
which seizure are they in an arched position for 10-20 seconds?
what seizure is the contraction and relaxation of ALL muscles, hypoxia, and has permanent effects, or even death?
what is another term for grand mal seizure?
what is another term for petit mal seizure?
a grand mal seizure lasts how long?
which seizure might someone sleep for HOURS post seizure?
a seizure with no loss of consciousness "stares into space", eye twitch = _______ _______
petit mal (absence)
any seizure that doesnt resolve and continues into multiple seizures is called what?
which seizure requires immediate attention and lasts longer than 30 minutes?
what is an uncomplicated absence seizure med?
t/f the more drugs taken = the greater risk for status epilepticus
which drug is structurally related to phenytoin but does NOT result in gingival hyperplasia?
how long must seizures be absent before meds can be taken away?
_______ involves the ENTIRE body
what is a delayed rxn of a muscle after a strong prolonged contraction (ie. tonic-clonic)
a phenomenon perceived by a pt that is associated with epilepsy and migraine
what is related to a seizure; preictal means PRIOR to seizure and postictal means FOLLOWING a seizure?
rhythmic body jerks when conscious
what is not needed for tx alt, lasts a few seconds and patient is aware of it?
t/f balance between neural excitation and inhibition is normal brain tissue
what is an excessive cell discharge within the brain?
hypnotic = _______ and sedative = ________, and these are both ________
what should not be taken with benzodiazepines?
what is an ARM convulsant and the MIND is involved?
what is an alternative drug of phenytoin?
what is the PRIMARY drug for absence seizures?
valproate (valproic acid)
clonazepam is used to treat _______ and _______ seizures resistant to other treatment
what is the PROTOTYPE for ABSENCE seizures?
t/f ethosuximide is used to control seizures
FALSE! NOT to control seizures
what is an adjunctive therapy in partial and generalized seizures?
treatment for refractory partial and tonic-clonic seizures is what drug?
which drug is used for the tx of refractory complex partial seizures and is approved for bipolar disorder?
what are manifestations of symptoms of seizures?
altered level of consciousness
loss of consciousness
periodic attack of disturbed cerebral function
local discrete spread of excitation when a patient remains CONSCIOUS is called:
simple partial seizure
the most common populations affected by seizures are younger than ____. Vascular diseases increase the prevalence of epilepsy in the _____ population
what is an epileptic cry from?
spasm in the diaphragm when muscles force air out of the lungs
which seizure can result in an epileptic cry?
t/f BLS is adequate for most seizures
what should be done if a seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes?