Compendium Final

  1. Which pituitary cell type secretes luteinizing hormone?

    D. gonadotropic cells
  2. Which gland is comprised of chief cells that are arranged in thick, branching cords and secrete a hormone, which raises low blood calcium levels?

    A. parathyroid gland
  3. Glucocorticoids, which stabilize blood glucose levels, are secreted by the:

    • B. B and C
    • b. zona fasciculata
    • c. zona reticulata
  4. Which hormones are found in the neurohypophysis?

    B. ADH and oxytocin
  5. The right ventricle:

    C. pumps blood out of the heart to the pulmonary circuit
  6. The superior surface of the heart is the:

    A. base
  7. The prominent muscles that run along the inner surface of the ventricles and which are attached to chordae tendinae are:

    A. papillary muscles
  8. Besides transporting respiratory gases, what other functions are performed by erythrocytes?

    B. none: transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide is their only function
  9. Neutrophils and monocytes are types of:

    D. leukocytes
  10. the bulges that give the lymphatic vessels the "string of beads" appearance is due to:

    B. closely spaced valves within the vessels
  11. The most superior branch of the abdominal aorta, which supplies the liver, stomach, esophagus, gallbladder, duodenum, pancreas, and spleen is:

    B. the celiac trunk
  12. Which is the least common type of white blood cell?

    D. basophil
  13. Which of the following applies to elastic arteries?

    C. the tunica media of these arteries contain a high density of elastic fibers and relatively few smooth muscle cells
  14. The right common carotid artery and right subclavian arteries are branches of the:

    C. brachiocephalic trunk
  15. After leaving the thoracic cavity and passing over the outer border of the first rib, the subclavian artery becomes the:

    B. axillary artery
  16. Which blood cell lacks a nucleus?

    C. mature RBC
  17. Capillaries whose endothelial cells are connected by tight junctions are called:

    C. continuous capillaries
  18. An artery can be distinguished from a vein by all of the following means except:

    C. in a cross section, the lumen of a vein appears to be thrown into folds, while that of an artery is smooth
  19. Which of these is not part of a lymph node?

    E. white pulp
  20. Muscular arteries:

    • D. have the attributes of A and C
    • a. have a thick tunica media with a large amount of smooth muscle fiber within them
    • c. are exemplified by the external carotid, brachial, and femoral arteries
  21. Which artery delivers blood to most of the large intestine?

    C. superior mesenteric artery
  22. Which layer of blood vessels consists of collagen and elastic fibers, with cells and fibers running longitudinally?

    A. tunica externa
  23. Metarterioles are structural intermediates between which of the following?

    E. arterioles and capillaries
  24. Which of the following is defined by the "lub" sound during the cardiac cycle?

    A. closing of atrioventricular valves at the start of ventricular systole
  25. The ability of leukocytes to move through vessel walls is called:

    A. diapedesis
  26. Which of the following is the primary source of plasma proteins?

    B. liver
  27. And excessive platelet count (≥1,000,000 per ul), indicating accelerated platelet formation in response to infection, inflammation, or cancer, is called:

    D. thrombocytosis
  28. Normal erythropoiesis is myeloid tissues requires adequate supplies of amino acids, iron, and:

    B. vitamin B12
  29. The basic functional unit of the liver is the:

    A. lobule
  30. Which of the
    following in not a function of the
    respiratory system?

    A. protection from dehydration by filtering water out of the air
  31. Which of the following is a small intestine feature that increases the
    surface area for digestion and absorption?

    a .cilia
    b. microvilli
    c. haustra
    d. teniae coli
    e. rugae
    b. microvilli
  32. Which of the following absorbs digested fats?

    A. lacteals
  33. Contraction of the cremaster muscle:

    D. moves the testis closer to the body cavity
  34. An hepatic (portal) triad consists of branches of the:

    A. hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct
  35. The ureters:

    B. have a layer of transitional epithelium
  36. The process whereby ovum production occurs is:

    initiate spermatogenesis
    d. continuous throughout the life of the individual
    e. none of the above
    C. oogenesis
  37. Compared with the right primary bronchus, the left primary bronchus is:

    E. none of the above
  38. Which of the following is a function of Sertoli cells (nurse cells)?

    E. all of the above
  39. Which cells produce surfactant?

    D. Type II cells
  40. The left lung:

    B. has a cardiac notch
  41. Which arteries directly supply the basilar layer of the endometrium?

    D. straight arteries
  42. The mechanism of urine production in the uriniferous tubule, a process in which most of the nutrients, water and essential ions are reclaimed from the filtrate is called:

    C. reabsorption
  43. Which of the following is located on the posterior wall of the bladder interior, defined by the openings for both ureters and for the urethra?

    E. trigone
  44. The layer, which adheres directly to the kidney's surface is the:

    A. fibrous capsule
  45. Which female reproductive organ is homologous to the corpus

    D. vestibular bulbs
  46. Blood exits the glomerulus via the:

    D. efferent arteriole
  47. Which structure(s) marks the boundary between the superior nasopharyx
    and the rest of the pharynx?

    E. soft palate
  48. Which layer of the tracheal wall contains seromucous glands?

    B. submucosa
  49. Which structure(s) is/are found in the large intestine?

    C. teniae coli
  50. Which structure leads directly from the gallbladder toward the porta hepatis?

    E. cystic duct
  51. The pancreatic and pancreato-duodenal arteries are major branches from the:

    D. common hepatic, superior mesenteric, and splenic arteries
  52. Which layer appears in the inferior third of the ureters?

    C. external longitudinal smooth muscle layer
  53. Compression of which structure(s) compresses the urinary bladder, expelling its contents into the urethra?

    C. detrusor muscle
  54. Which phase of the ovarian cycle involves a weakening and rupture of the follicle wall?

    D. luteal phase
Card Set
Compendium Final
Final Compendium questions