US History Honors

  1. Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
    FDR's attempt to assist economically strained farmers by raising crop prices and lowering production.
  2. Hughes, Langston
    Harlem Renaissance poet
  3. Hurston, Zora Neal
    African-American folklorist and author during the time of the Harlem Renaissance.
  4. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation was a part of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal legislation that insured bank deposits up to $2500.
  5. Sanger, Margaret
    Trained as a nurse, she championed woman's right to birth control and family planning. She opened the nation 's first birth control clinic in New York. In 1921 she established the American Birth Control League which is a predecessor to the modern Planned Parenthood Federation.
  6. Public Works Administration (PWA)
    Part of Franklin Roosevelt's 1933 New Deal legislation, it created jobs on government sponsored projects.
  7. Deficit spending
    Governmental policy of spending funds which don't actually exist because the budget is "in the red" or facing a deficit.
  8. Du Bois, W.E.B.
    Critical of Booker T. Washington's policies since he believed that a liberal arts education, not an education in a trade, was key to the success of African Americans, Author of "Souls of Black folks"
  9. Harlem Renaissance
    Explosion of African American culture in the 1920's.
  10. Flappers
    Women who challenged the traditional role of women in the 1920s in dress and behavior. Influenced by the culture reflected in popular magazines.
  11. Garvey, Marcus
    Haitian born black nationalist that encouraged a "Back to Africa" Movement.
  12. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
    a public work relief program for unemployed men, providing vocational training through the performance of useful work related to conservation and development of natural resources in the United States.
  13. Father Charles Coughlin
    He was one of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience, as more than forty million tuned to his weekly broadcasts during the 1930s. Early in his career he was a vocal supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his early New Deal proposals, before later becoming a harsh critic of Roosevelt.
  14. Scopes Trial
    1925 Tennessee court case that pitted Fundamentalists religious beliefs regarding the origins of man with Darwin's theory of Evolution.
  15. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
    A New Deal agency created in 1934 that regulates the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds.
  16. Social Security Act
    Permanent New Deal entitlement program to provide social insurance to retirees, unemployed, the disabled, and families with dependent children, paid for by a tax on employees and employers.
  17. Perkins, Frances
    A strong advocate for unemployment insurance when there was none
  18. United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
    Founded by Marcus Garvey in 1914, it called for African Americans to build their own society separate from white society.
  19. Works Progress Administration (WPA)
    An agency established as part of the Second New Deal that provided the unemployed with jobs in construction, garment making, teaching, the arts, and other fields.
  20. National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
    In an effort to "prime the pump" of industry, this FDR New Deal initiative was intended to spark a rebirth of Industrial activity in Depression era United States.
  21. National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)
    Defined unfair labor practices and established the National Labor Relations Board to settle disputes between employees and employers.
  22. Sunday, Billy
    William Ashley Sunday, i.e. "Billy", was a popular fundamentalist preacher from the 1890's to his death in 1935. His flamboyant style and energetic Christian message called for a puritanical morality that denounced alcohol consumption and sciene, among other things.
  23. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
    A federal established in 1933 to construct dams and power plants in the Tennessee Valley region to generate electricity as well as to prevent floods.
  24. Fair Labor Standards
    Passed in 1938 to establish a minimum wage of 25 cent per hour and a maximum of 44 hours per week. Children under the age of 16 were banned from factory work.
  25. Long, Huey P.
    1932 Senator for Louisiana
  26. McPherson, Aimee Semple
    A Los Angeles based Christian Fundamentalist radio evangelist who preached to migrant workers in the 1920s.
  27. Ku Klux Klan
    founded in the 1860s in the south
  28. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    An organization formed by WEB DuBois and other reformers, in 1909, to help fight segregation and fight for the rights of African Americans.
  29. 1924 Native American Suffrage Act
    Gave citizenship to Native Americans.
  30. Sacco and Vanzetti
    two Italian-born anarchists, unfairly tried and convicted for the armed robbery and murder of two pay-clerks in Massachusetts in 1920
  31. Armstrong, Louis
    Trumpet-playing Jazz Musician of the 1920's.
  32. Automobiles
    Turn of the century transportation innovation that was improved upon by Henry Ford in the 1920's. Allowed American society more mobility.
  33. Bootleggers
    Smuggled illegal alcohol during Prohibition. 1919-1933
  34. Hemingway, Ernest
    American whose work became famous after his experiences in World War I. Author of "For Whom The Bell Toll" and "A Farewell To Arms", among others.
  35. Hoovervilles
    Shantytowns built during the Depression by the homeless
  36. Installment Plan
    A credit system by which payment for items are made over a fixed period of time (i.e. stocks).
  37. Jazz
    A music genre that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African-American communities in the South.
  38. FDR's "Fireside Chats"
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt's effective use of the radio to explain his New Deal plans.
  39. F. Scott Fitzgerald
    1920's American author of "The Great Gatsby".
  40. Return to Normalacy
    Political promise of President Harding to the American people after World War I.
  41. Ruth, Babe
    A baseball player who gained fame for his career home run record(714)
  42. Radio
    The most powerful communications tool to emerge in the 1920's
  43. Direct Relief
    Tangible aid for the needy such as monetary help or food and clothing.
  44. Hawley-Smoot Tariff
    Highest US tariff to date, reaction to the Great Depression, made conditions worse.
  45. Breadlines
    a place where food is offered to the hungry for free or at a reasonably low price.
  46. Buying on Margin
    Borrowing money from a stock broker to purchase stock. You can think of it as a loan from your brokerage.
  47. Silent and "talkies" films
    The first movies were without sound
  48. Overproduction
    One of the reasons cited as a cause for the Great Depression.
  49. The Jazz Singer
    The first motion picture with sound. Released in 1927.
  50. Soup Kitchens
    A place where free or low-cost food is served to the needy.
  51. Speakeasies
    Underground alcohol drinking establishments that operated during Prohibition period in American history.
  52. Speculation
    Involvement in risky business transactions in an effort to make a quick profit.
  53. Teapot Dome Scandal
    The scandal involved the oil industry's bribery of Harding's cabinet member, Albert Fall, in order to drill for oil in public lands that had been set aside in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. Albert Fall was the first sitting cabinet member to be convicted of a felony.
  54. Easy credit
    Allowed consumers to purchase goods without adequate financial support. It occurred during the 1920's and served as a cause of the crash of the Stock Market in 1929.
  55. Fall, Albert
    Secretary of Interior for President Harding and guilty in the Teapot Dome Scandal.
  56. Lewis, Sinclair
    1920s American author of "Main Street" and "Babbitt" , a writer of "The Lost Generation."
  57. Lindbergh, Charles
    Aviator who flew an airplane, the Spirit of St. Louis, across the Atlantic Ocean in the first non stop flight from New York to Paris in 1927.
  58. Lost Generation
    Young postwar American writers and intellectuals believed that materialism was overshadowing personal fulfillment. Writers such as Ernest Hemingway, F Scott Fitzgerald, and H.L Mencken, felt disillusioned with society after their experiences during World War I
  59. Market/advertising
    After World War I, America became a mass consumption economy because, whether rich or poor, Americans began to purchase goods for need and pleasure. Due to print and radio advertising, material consumption became a dominant culture ideal and was the advent of installment buying, i.e. "buy now, pay later" philosophy, that quickly spread to items such as radios, sewing ,machines, and refrigerators.
  60. Harding, Warren G.
    Twenty-ninth President of the U.S., 1921-1923
  61. Coolidge, Calvin
    This President was the darling of conservatives in the 1920s (and of President Reagan in the 1980s). He greatly admired businessmen and was devoted to laissez-faire economics. During his one-term presidency, complacency was the order of the day.
  62. Black Tuesday
    October 29, 1929
  63. Hoover, Herbert
    Before he was elected president in 1928, he had never been elected to any office. But he was a proven administrator and the intellectual leader of the New Era movement of government-business partnership and cooperation. The 1929 stock-market crash ruined his presidency.
  64. Bonus Army
    Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
  65. dust bowl
    Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
  66. Prohibition
    a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
Card Set
US History Honors
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