Social Class & Families ch 4

  1. Technological changes, different types of jobs and skills
    -workers replaced with machines
    -Loss of skilled & semi-skilled jobs to developing countries
  2. Importance of Education:
    -Factory jobs used to be the norm
    -today w/out college: low paying service & unskilled manual labor jobs (decline in demand)
    -Bachelor's degree is the ticket to the better-paying sector
    How much education makes a difference in earning power& family income
    -college educated people were more likely to stay married & have a 2 parent household
    -Growth of higher education was one of the major social developments of 20th century America
  3. Trends in Povery
    Poverty Line-a federally defined income limit defined as the cost of an "economy" diet for a family, multiplied by 3
  4. Defining Social Class
    • Social class-an ordering of all persons in society by degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege
    • Life Chances- the resources and opportunities that people have to provide themselves w/ material goods & favorable living conditions
    • Status Group- people that share a common lifestyle & identfy w/ each other
    • -prestige-honor and status in society
    • -privilege- Advantage or benefits enjoyed
  5. Gender and Family:
    -using male only head of household as the norm to put families into a specific social class no longer works
    -single parents
    -dual earners
    -types of jobs worked
    -more appropriate to study family unit instead of individual
    -65% of married couples w/ children under 18 both work
  6. Social Classes and Status Groups
    Ideal type: Hypothetical model of most significant characteristics of social phenomenon in extreme form
  7. Three status groups
    -1st group-college degree
    -2nd grou-high school and some college
    -3rd Group-did not graduate high school
  8. Social Class Differences in Family Life
    -Diverging Demographics
    -age at marriage
    -childbearing outside of marriage
    -the marriage market
    -differences in early adulthood
    Age at marriage:
    those with 4 yr college degree more likely to marry after 25
    -by late 20's and 30's rate of marriage exceeds that of less educated
    Assortative marriage: tendancy to marry someone similar to yourself
    -in 1930's it was more important to marry someone for religion
    -today people marry based off edu background
    -risk for divorce for college educated women began dropping in 1980
    -risk of divorce highest for women w/out high school diploma
Card Set
Social Class & Families ch 4
Ch 4 Social class & Families