Urinary System

  1. anuria
    condition of no urine
  2. bacteriuria
    bacteria in the urine
  3. calculus
  4. cystalgia
    bladder pain
  5. cystitis
    inflammation of the bladder
  6. cystocele
    hernia or protrusion of the urinary bladder into the wall of the vagina
  7. cystogram
    record of the bladder
  8. cystolith
    bladder stone
  9. cystopexy
    surgical fixation of the bladder
  10. cystoplasty
    surgical repair of the bladder
  11. cystoscope
    instrument used to visually examine the bladder
  12. cystostomy
    create a new opening into the bladder
  13. cystotomy
    incision into the bladder
  14. diuresis
    increased formation and secretion of urine
  15. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  16. frequency
    greater-than-normal occurrence in the urge to urinate, without an increase in the total daily volume of urine
  17. glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the kidney, primary glomerulus
  18. hematuria
    condition of blood in the urine
  19. hemodialysis
    use of an artificial kidney machine that filters the blood of a person to remove waste products
  20. hesitancy
    decrease in the force of the urine stream, often with difficulty initiating the flow
  21. homeostasis
    steady state or state of balance within the body
  22. hydronephrosis
    distention of the renal pelvis due to urine collecting in the kidney
  23. lithotomy
    incision to remove a stone
  24. lithotripsy
    surgical crushing of a stone
  25. micturition
    another term for urination
  26. nephrectomy
    removal of a kidney
  27. nephritis
    kidney inflammation
  28. nephrolith
    kidney stone
  29. nephrolithiasis
    condition of kidney stones
  30. nephroma
    kidney tumor
  31. nephromalacia
    softening of the kidney
  32. nephromegaly
    enlarged kidney
  33. nephron
    the functional or working unit of the kidney that filters the blood and produces the urine
  34. nephropathy
    kidney disease
  35. nephropexy
    surgical fixation of kidney
  36. nephroptosis
    drooping kidney
  37. nephrosclerosis
    hardening of the kidney
  38. nephrosis
    abnormal kidney condition
  39. nephrostomy
    create a new opening into the kidney
  40. nephrotomy
    incision into a kidney
  41. nocturia
    frequent nighttime urination
  42. nocturnal enuresis
  43. oliguria
    scant amount of urine
  44. polyuria
    excessive urine
  45. pyelitis
    renal pelvis inflammation
  46. pyelogram
    x-ray record of the renal pelvis
  47. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
  48. pyuria
    condition of pus in the urine
  49. renal
    pertaining to the kidney
  50. renal pelvis
    large collecting site for urine within the kidney
  51. sphincter
    a ring of muscle around a tubular organ
  52. ureterectasis
    ureter dilation
  53. ureterostenosis
    narrowing of the ureter
  54. ureters
    tubes that transport urine from the kidney to the bladder
  55. urethra
    tube that transport urine from the bladder to outside the body
  56. urethralgia
    urethra pain
  57. urethrorrhagia
    rapid bleeding from the urethra
  58. urgency
    feeling the need to urinate immediately
  59. urination
    the release of urine from the urinary bladder
  60. voiding
    another term for urination
  61. stages of urine production
    • filtration
    • reabsorption
    • secretion
  62. cath
  63. ESRD
    end-stage renal disease
  64. GU
  65. I&O
    intake and output
  66. IVP
    intravenous pyelogram
  67. mL
  68. UA
  69. UTI
    urinary tract infection
Card Set
Urinary System
Medical Terminology