Final Terms

  1. Love Canal, NY
    Chemicals buried in old canal; school and homes built over it; caused birth defects and cancer.
  2. Read my lips--No New Taxes!
    Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the Shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic.
  3. Nightline: America Held Hostage!
    One of the most respected news shows on television (ABC) that began during the Iranian Hostage Crisis
  4. 444 Days
    How long the 1979 Iranian Hostage Situation in Tehran lasted.
  5. Sagebrush Rebellion
    1970's mobolized conservative opposition to envirmental laws and restrictions; members complained about the land the federal government owned in many western states.
  6. Moral Majority
    A political organization founded by Rev. Jerry Falwell, an evangelical minister who preached with great success against sexual permissiveness, abortion, feminism, and the spread of gay rights.
  7. Reverend Jerry Falwell
    He was an evangelical minister from Lynchburg, Virginia, and in 1979, founded the Moral Majority. Falwell preached with great success against sexual permissiveness, abortion, feminism, and the spread of gay rights.
  8. Reverend Pat Robertson
    Leader of the religious Right Fundamentalist Christians, a group that supported Reagan; rallying cry was "family values"; anti-feminist, anti-homosexuality, anti-abortion, favored prayer in schools.
  9. Christian Coalition
    In the 1990's, Pentecostal minister Pat Robertson began a political movement and launched this organization. These and other organizations of the Christian right opposed federal interference in local affairs; denounced abortion, divorce, feminism, and homosexuality; defended unrestricted free enterprise, and supported a strong American posture in the world.
  10. Prop. 13 (CA)
    Limits the amount of taxes to a maximum of 1% of the March 1, 1975, market value of the property plus the cumulative increase of 2% in market value each year thereafter.
  11. Reagan Coalition
    Combination of economic and social conservatives, religious fundamentalists, and dense-minded anticommunists who rallied behind Republican President Ronald Reagan.
  12. Neo-Cons
    Those that favour economic free market policies free from the constraints of government.
  13. conservatism
    This was the political idea in which the people regarded tradition as the basic source of human institutions and the proper state and society remained those before the French Revolution which rested on a judicious blend on monarchy, bureaucracy, aristocracy, and respectful commoners.
  14. Phyllis Schlafly
    1970s; a new right activist that protested the women's rights acts and movements as defying tradition and natural gender division of labor; demonstrated conservative backlash against the 60s.
  15. The Great Communicator
    Reagan was given this nickname because of his acting background; great at getting his message across- used lots of humor.
  16. The Teflon President
    Another one of President Reagan's nicknames given to him by his detractors when the Iran Contra Scandal did no severe damage to his reputation.
  17. John W. Hinckley, Jr.
    Seriously injure Ronald Reagan 1981; try to impress joie foster as far as he was concerned politicans should be eliminated.
  18. Reaganomics
    The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the sizeof the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
  19. Supply-Side Economics
    An economic philosophy that holds the sharply cutting taxes will increase the incentive people have to work, save, and invest. Greater investments will lead to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.
  20. PATCO Strike 1981
    Drastically changed the way union workers operate. Before 1981, workers did not have much control and were timid in asking for better benefits and working conditions. Workers have grown because of this strike, and now have a large amount of power over their employers. However, the power of the PATCO union was severely weakened. Since this strike, many unions have disappeared and only a small amount still have a strong impact on society today.
  21. deregulation
    The lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which government rules had been established and that bureaucracies had been created to administer.
  22. AARP
    American Association of Retired Persons; Nationwide organization for people over 50 that offers discount drug purchases, health & auto insurance, publications, & other activities.
  23. Grey Power
    An Australian political party lobby group, first registered in 1983 and contested two federal elections, both with little result. It was designed to represent the elderly vote, and advocating issues dealing with aged care and a mature perspective on national policy; hence the name "grey power."
  24. Grenada Invasion
    US invades small Caribbean island of Grenada whose govt was threatened by Pro-Castro revolutionaries, we crush the rebels & protect lots of Americans studying medicine on the island (mainly a symbolic gesture).
  25. Reagan Doctrine
    US would support freedom fighters trying to overthrow Communist regimes; applied in Nicaragua, Angola, Cambodia and Afghanistan.
  26. Contras
    A Nicaraguan rebel group that got financial support from the CIA. This group was formed as a response to the overthrowing of Anastazio Somoza Debayle.
  27. Sandinistas
    Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990.
  28. Bolland Amendment
    Name given to three U.S. legislative amendments between 1982 and 1984, all aimed at limiting U.S. government assistance to the rebel Contras in Nicaragua.
  29. Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)
    The policy of the Reagan administration to begin a series of plans to place antimissile weapons in space orbit.
  30. Sandra Day O'Connor
    First woman Supreme Court Justice. Appointed by Reagan.
  31. William Rehnquist
    United States jurist who served as an associate justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1972 until 1986, when he was appointed chief justice (born in 1924).
  32. Robert Bork
    Reagan appointee for judge, rejected due to extreme restraint views,his role in the media, his interest group involvement and his famous 'Paper Trail'.
  33. Morning in America
    Common name of effective political campaign television commercial formally titled "Prouder, Stronger, Better".
  34. Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro
    In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
  35. Walter Mondale
    He was the vice president of Carter and when he won the democratic nomination he was defeated by a landslide by Reagan. He was the first presidential candidate to have a woman vice president, Geraldine Ferraro.
  36. Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act 1985
    This law provided for automatic across-the-board spending cuts ("sequesters") to take effect if the president and Congress failed to reach established targets; because the automatic cuts were declared unconstitutional, a revised version of the act was passed in 1987; it failed to result in reduced deficits because leaders found ways around the requirements of the law.
  37. Mikhail S. Gorbachev
    Soviet Communist leader who led the Soviet Union through his policies of Glasnost and Perestroika.
  38. perestoika
    A policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society.
  39. glasnost
    Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
  40. S&L Scandal
    Some of raegan's advisors were given loans by S+Ls that failed but media didn't investigate this b/c most ppl in Senate and Congress were democrats.
  41. Iran-Contra Scandal
    Although Congress had prohibited aid to the Nicaraguan contras, individuals in Reagan's administration continued to illegally support the rebels. These officials secretly sold weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American hostages being held in the Middle East. Profits from these sales were then sent to the contras.
  42. Colonel Oliver North
    Member of the US National Security Council during the Iran-Contra Affair; key player in diverting money from the sale of weapons to the Nicarguan contras; never convicted of any wrong doing.
  43. Senator J. Danforth Dan Quayle
    George Bush's running mate in 1988 and 1992, who had a hard time spelling "potato".
  44. Governor Michael J. Dukakis
    He was governor of Massachusetts & George Bush's democratic opponent in the election of 1988.
  45. Willie Horton ad
    This criminal committed murder while on a weekend pass in Massachusetts, leading to a famous negative political advertisement.
  46. Read my lips: No New Taxes!
    A promise that Bush made in his convention speech, but later broke.
  47. Clarence Thomas
    Second and a current African American to ever be a Supreme Court Justice.
  48. Anitia Hill
    Former associate of Clarence Thomas, who accused him of sexual harassment in Senate Judiciary Committee hearings.
  49. Americans With Disabilities Act 1990
    A law passed in 1990 that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment.
  50. Tiananmen Square Massacre
    In 1989, demonstrators peacefully assembled to push for greater democracy in China; when the demonstrators refused to disperse the government sent in troops and tanks.
  51. Persiain Gulf War 1991
    A 1991 war in which the United States and its UN allies drove invading Iraqi forces out of neighboring Kuwait.
  52. General Norman Schwartzkpf
    American general who in the face of a chemical and biological attack by Iraq came up with a strategic military plan: weaken the forces with relentless bombing and then suffocate the ground with a rush attack of hundreds of troops and armor.
  53. Operation Desert Storm
    Military operations that started on January 16, 1991, with a bombing campaign, followed by a ground invasion of February 23 and 24, 1991. The ground war lasted 100 hours and resulted in a spectacularly one-sided military victory for the Coalition.
  54. Ross Perot
    This billionaire was a third-party candidate in the 1992 presidential election won 19 percent of the popular vote. His strong showing that year demonstrated voter disaffection with the two major parties.
  55. Reform Party
    A minor party founded by Ross Perot in 1995. It focuses on national government reform, fiscal responsibility, and political accountability. It has recently struggled with internal strife and criticism that it lacks an identity.
Card Set
Final Terms
Final Terms!