1. In general what role by the Federal government was envisioned in Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program?
  2. During the Great Depression people constructed makeshift settlements that came to be called:
  3. What were the results of the Presidential and
    Congressional elections of 1932
    • Roosevelt won presidential election and
    • democrats won large majorities in both houses
  4. President Franklin Roosevelt’s closest adviser
    (kept in the White House after stomach surgery) was:
    Harry Hopkins
  5. Right after taking office in 1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt stated, “The only thing we have to fear is:
    fear itself
  6. The 3 aims of the New Deal were relief, recovery, and:
  7. President Franklin Roosevelt wanted to build up
    big ____ and big agriculture as checks upon big business
  8. What were the major goals of the Second New
    • security of livelihood, security against
    • unemployment, old age, illness, and dependency, slum clearance and better
    • housing
  9. List the work relief agencies during the New
    Deal period?
    • Civilian conservation corps, federal emergency
    • relief administration, public works administration, civil works administration,
    • works projects administration, national youth admin., and social security system
  10. What was the bank holiday? (2)What was the first “hundred days” of the New Deal. (3)List 2 reform laws.
    • Roosevelt declared the bank holiday for 4 days to call
    • congress into special session to draft a bill about the banking problem.

    • Time congress
    • was in special session

    Emergency banking act, glass-steagall banking act
  11. What work relief agency was abolished after 4
    months because of the useless jobs that were created?
    Civil works admin
  12. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration tried
    to encourage farmers to
    Adjust supply to demand by reducing the production of certain staples such as wheat, cotton, corn, tobacco, beef, and hogs.
  13. The Blue Eagle, “We do our part,” and codes of
    fair competition – all are associated mainly with
    National recovery admin
  14. What agency during the New Deal was established to construct dams and power plants to generate electricity, control flooding, and produce synthetic nitrates and phosphate fertilizer?
    Tennessee valley authority
  15. During the Second New Deal, Roosevelt is less concerned than he was during 1st New Deal about
    Balanced budget and cooperating with business
  16. List the main actions of Congress during the
    Second New Deal.
    farmers paid, social security, farms, well run camps
  17. The “Kingfish,” “Share the Wealth,” and U.S.
    Senator from Louisiana
    – all are identified with whom?
    huey p. long
  18. The Second Agricultural
    Adjustment Act (1938) provided “parity prices” for farmers which meant that if farmers limited production of certain farm products such as corn, cotton, tobacco, rice and corn, then….
    Government would pay the difference if the price fell below parity
  19. During the New Deal Days of President F.D. Roosevelt,
    what kind of tax laws were passed by Congress
    Income, estate, gift taxes, profits tax on corporate income
  20. What were the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards
    Act of 1938
    • min. wage of 25 cents an hour to be raised to 40
    • cents, max work week of 44 hrs. with time and a half for overtime, forbade labor by children under 16
  21. Who proposed the “Court Packing”; Why? Results?
    FDR, any federal judge passed 70 without retiring, the president should be able to appoint an additional judge to share his work, wanted to alter court; congress didn’t pass but FDR won in the long run
  22. List the reform legislation of the New Deal Days.
    banking and stock exchange, public utility regulation, labor, and the security of individuals.
  23. In what years was Franklin Roosevelt elected
    1932, 1936, 1940
  24. During the New Deal what did Congress do to
    protect bank deposits?
  25. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “bombshell
    message” was related to:
    • America’s determination to follow its own course
    • in dealing with financial stability
  26. Roosevelt’s “bombshell message” informed the London World Economic Conference thatthe U.S.would:
    Follow its own course
  27. The Nye Committee report helped to persuade Congress to pass neutrality laws in the 1930s because it concluded that:
    • US entered WWI because of pressures exerted by
    • American financiers and manufacturers of armaments
  28. List the provisions of the Neutrality Law of
    • Went into effect only when the president proclaimed the existence of hostilities between 2 or more foreign nations or civil war within a nation, extended existing provisions regarding arms and credits, forbade American citizens from traveling on ships of any belligerent
    • nation, “cash and carry”
  29. How did the U.S. depart from the policy of isolationism
    in the 1930s?
    Recognition of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  30. Adolph Hitler was the dictator of ________,
    built up the __________ Party, & remilitarize the_________.
    Germany, Nazi
  31. The United States began abandoning its
    isolationist tendencies when Congress passed a military bill called
    Neutrality act of 1939
  32. The slow abandonment of isolationism by the U.S.
    after F.D. Roosevelt became president is seen in what naval incident
    Panay incident
  33. Kurt von Schushnigg was the Chancellor of ______
    which Hitler seized in 1938.
  34. What area of Czechoslovakia did Hitler get as a
    result of the Munich Conference of 1938
  35. What is the name of the building, the number of
    the room and the name of the professor in History 202
    Martin hall, room 111, Billy Hinson
  36. Great Britain and France were finally convinced that Hitler could only be stopped by war after Germany did what
    • Made a non-aggression pact with joseph Stalin
    • which shocked the western world invaded Poland
  37. After war started in Europe President Roosevelt
    got Congress to pass a draft act. Why
    was it a historical step?
    it lifted the arms embargo and placed all trade with belligerants on a cash and carry basis. it continued the provisions of other neutrality laws.
  38. With what leader did Hitler sign a
    Non-Aggression Pact in 1939?
    Joseph Stalin
  39. President Roosevelt got Congress to pass the
    Lend Lease Act in 1941 mainly to enable the United States to:
    • Lend defense materials and war equipment to
    • foreign nations whose defense he deemed vital to the defense of the US
  40. Great Britain, France, and the United States were shocked when Hitler in 1939 signed a Non-Aggression Pact with:
    Joseph Stalin
  41. Joseph Stalin was the dictator of what country?
    Soviet union
  42. The U.S. sent Lend-Lease supplies not only to Britain but also to
  43. Roosevelt got Congress to allow the arming of merchant vessels very
    soon after the Germans:

    (b) Before
    war occurred the president was willing to have normal relations with Japan if they
    • invaded Poland
    • pull out of china
  44. President Roosevelt started barring
    all vital military supplies to Japan
    right after Japan
  45. The Japanese attacked Pearl
    Harbor on what month, date, and year?
    dec. 7 1941
  46. On the home front what problems occurred related
    to labor supply and consumer goods? What
    was the cost of war?
    • Employers hired people the ordinarily wouldn’t,
    • goods became scare, 330 billion
  47. When the Japanese attacked Pearl
    Harbor they also attacked what other areas?
    • Philippines, Hong Kong, Wake Island, Midway
    • Island, Siam, Malaya
  48. How many men and women served in the armed
    services during World War II?
    15.2 million
  49. Name the main men and places associated with the
    development of the first atomic bomb
    • Albert Einstein, university of Chicago, dr. j.
    • Robert Oppenheimer, los Alamos near santa fe, new Mexico, Alamogordo, new Mexico
  50. During World War II the War Manpower Commission
    prohibited workers in defense industries from doing what?
    • from leaving their jobs without approval of the
    • US employment service
  51. Some consumer goods were rationed during World
    War II in order to
    Some people could afford them
  52. What nation in 1942 sent 2
    small groups of saboteurs to the U.S. to attack bridges, railroads,
    andaluminum plants
  53. People from the country of ____ were put in
    internment camps in seven western states during World War II.
  54. The terrible riot that occurred in Detroit
    in June 1943 with 43 lives lost was a result of
    Racial tensions
  55. President F.D. Roosevelt
    established the Fair Employment Practices Commission largely as a result of a
    threatened march on Washington
    led by:
    Philip Randolph
  56. The new role of women in the work force during
    World War II is captured in the image of:
    “Rosie the riveter”
  57. Zoot suits, braceros,
    Los Angeles
    riot in 1943 – all are related to an influx into the U.S of laborers from
  58. The statement “Never in the field of human
    conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” is related to:
    Hitler’s air attack on Britain
  59. Who replaced Neville
    Chamberlain as Britain’s
    prime minister and stated that he had nothing to offer the British but “blood, toil, tears, and
    Winston Churchill
  60. Why was Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union a failure
    • Delayed invasion because of Balkan campaigns,
    • winter came early
  61. During World War II the escape of an
    Anglo-French force of over 300,000 from a German force is called
    miracle of dunkirk
  62. Who was commander of Operation Torch, the Allied
    invasion of North Africa?
    Dwight d. Eisenhower
  63. Allied troops directed by General Eisenhower
    invading north Africa were successful against troops of what nations
    Germany and Italy
  64. The ______ campaign was
    significant because it opened the Mediterranean Sea
    to Allied shipping, diverted German divisions from the
    French and Russian fronts, and provided air bases for attacks on southern
  65. When Allied troops invaded Italy they
    mainly fought against what nation’s troops?
    German and British
  66. Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha,
    and Utah were
    names given to beaches in
  67. What area was chosen for the Allies to invade
    with a cross-channel attack on D-Day, June 6, 1944?
    french normandy
  68. Germany’s last big offensive was ended in January, 1945, in
    the Ardennes Forest in what was called the:
    Battle of the bulge
  69. One of the greatest military
    engagements in history occurred in the Battle
    of __________ where German troops
    advancing into Russia
    were finally stopped in February, 1943.
  70. List the places seized by Japan during World
    War II?
    • Guam, wake island, Bataan, Corregidor, Hong Kong,
    • Malay peninsula, Singapore, Bali, Timor, Attu, Kiska
  71. . What
    area did Japan invade in
    order to cut off a road over which lend-lease supplies reached China?
  72. The Battle of ________ was the first naval battle
    in history in which surface ships neither saw nor exchanged
    fire with one another
    Coral sea
  73. What battle (June 1942)
    marked a turning point in the war because the strategic initiative lay with
    the U.S.?
    Battle of midway
  74. The capture of _________ put Americans only 350
    miles from Japan.
  75. McArthur was successful in
    cutting off ________ the most important Japanese air and naval base in the southwest Pacific
  76. The second atomic bomb was dropped on the city
    United states
  77. Why did
    President Harry Truman decide to drop the atomic bomb on Japanese cities?
    • To save American lives and to end the war as
    • soon as possible
  78. The Cold War refers to
    the situation in which tensions are high with the possibility that:
    • Some disputer could lead to an actual shooting
    • war
  79. For what reasons did the U.S. distrust the Soviet
    Union before World War II?
    • Communist revolution in Russia, soviet debts,
    • recognition of Soviet Union, soviet actions in the 1930s.
  80. From what country did the Soviet
    Union refuse to withdraw after promising to do so within 6 months
    after World War
    II had ended
  81. What is the main reason the Soviet
    Union opposed establishment of an Atomic Development Authority?
    • Would allow US to get more adequate info about
    • the geography of Soviet Union
  82. The tragedy of the
    Yalta Conference is that the Soviet Union
    Failed to honor her commitments
  83. Churchill's "Iron
    Curtain" speech warned of Soviet
    actions in
  84. What were the goals of "Containment?"
    • Stop communist expansion, strengthen democracy
    • and promote economic well-being in non-communist lands.
  85. The western nations
    allowed the creation of the German Federal Republic because they were
    convincedmthat the Soviet Union would not allow:
    a united Germany
  86. What demand was the Soviet Union making on Turkey in 1946?
    • Grant her equal partnership in running the
    • Dardanelle and bosporous straits
  87. The Truman Doctrine
    was proclaimed in response, in part, to a communist revolution in:
    Turkey and Greece
  88. Why did President Truman propose the Marshall
    • Truman doctrine did not provide aid for other
    • countries
  89. What countries were aided by
    the Marshall Plan?
    16 nations
  90. How did the Soviet Union provoke the Berlin crisis of 1948-49?
    Blockaded all land access routes to West Berlin
  91. The members of ______ which included the U.S.
    agreed that an attack on one would be considered an attack on all.
    North Atlantic treaty organ
  92. With what nations did the U.S. make
    Security arrangements?
    • Canada, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Norway,
    • Denmark, Iceland, Britain, Ireland, Italy, Portugal,
  93. What document
    advocated that the United
    States meet each communist challenge
    wherever it occurred
    NSC 68
  94. Chiang Kai-shek led his
    anti-communist Chinese followers to
    Formosa, tawain
  95. Initially, when North
    Korea attacked South Korea, the Korean Red army pushed the Allies back
    to the:
    Southeastern part of Pusan
  96. Truman relieved
    General_______ from his command in Korea because he disobeyed the
    MacArthur, United members
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