What are the internal-external relationships of all Zang and Fu organs?
- 火 Heart & Small Intestine
- 土 Spleen & Stomach
- 金 Lung & Large Intestine
- 水 Kidney & Urinary Bladder
- 木 Liver & Gallbladder
Which Fu organ stores bile?
Bile is generated by?
Liver from Liver essence
Gallbladder Qi moves in which direction?
Upwards (bile helps with digestion)
In what direction does Stomach Qi go?
Which organ is in charge/control ability of planning one's life?
Which organ makes decisions?
Which organ corrects the decisions?
The upper part of the Stomach includes which part?
Cardia (Shang Wan)
The lower part of the Stomach includes?
Pylorus (Xia Wan)
Which Fu organ is called "Big Barn" or "Sea of Water and Food"?
The 5 Yin organs derive their Qi from which Fu organ?
What does "less coating" or "no coating" of the tongue indicate?
- 1. Impared Stomach digestion function
- 2. Severely weak Stomach Qi
- 3. Yin deficiency
What are the differecnes between the Stomach and the Spleen?
- Organ Characteristics: Yang
- Prefer: Damp
- Dislike: Dry
- More suffering: Yin deficiency, seldom Yang deficiency
- Function: Origin of the body fluid, it is Yin in Character
- Tendency of sickness: Easy suffering excess, easy get heat
- Organ charactteristics: Yin
- Prefer: Dry
- Dislike: Wet
- More Suffering: Yang deficiency, seldom Yin deficiency
- Function: T/T, moving, it is Yang in character
- Tendency of sickness: easy suffering deficiency, easy get cold
What is the length of the the Small Intestine?
3.2 Zhang or 32 cun
The small intestine has a function that separtes the clean and dirty fluid; where does the clear fluid go?
If Small Intestine is effected by external pathogenic cold, will urination increase or decrease?
According to pathogeniesis, Large Intestine transportion depends on what factors?
- 1. Stomach descending Qi function
- 2. Lung descending Qi function
- 3. Kidney Transformation function, as Kidney controls urination and defecation
- 4. Sufficient body fluid
What are the Triple Burners like?
- Upper Burner water like mist (mist-like)
- Middle Burner like maceration (dealing with food/digetstion)
- Lower Burner like ditch (water balance)
What are the 6 extraordinary Fu organs?
Brain, uterus, marrow, bone, blood vessels, gallbladder
Is Kidney essence "Air form" or "liquid form"?
Is Kidney Qi "air form" or "liquid form"?
Which is more rarified/refined qi or essence?
Where does original qi (yuan qi) come form?
congenital essence of the kidney
Where does pre-heaven essence come from?
parents (congenital essence)
Where does post-heaven essence come from?
food and drink (acquired essence)
Marrow is produced from?
Where is Original Qi derived from?
More rarified than kidney essence
What is the terminal of blood?
How will hair look if kidney essence is weak?
Thin, brittle, dull, and may fall out
What is the terminal of teeth?
bone and therefore kidney
Which organ determines amount of urination?
The aging process is related to which organ?
How do you judge a persons health?
- Shiny eyes (high spirit)
- The way they walk (full range of motion)
- Normal Breathing
- Normal Complexion
If the skull is not closely fused by 1 year of age, what organ has the problem?
kidney essence (governs reproduction and development)
What is the function of Kidney Essence?
Reproduction and Development
What weather does the Kidney loathe?
Cold (5 element theory season is Winter)
Which organ stores Willpower?
What are the essential materials for the human body to survive?
Qi, Blood, Body Fluid, Essence
Which organ stores Shen (mind)?
Which organ is also called "Congenital Essence Root"?
What is increased urination due to?
Kidney Yang Deficiency
What is decreaed urination due to?
Kidney Yin deficiency
Heart dominates blood and blood vessels, normal blood circulation depends on?
If the persons nails are dark, cracked, and dry; what organ is that due to?
Liver (be cautious in this case, the patient may have hepatitis)
If a patient is easisly effected by external pathogens, where does the weakness lie?
Wei qi (defensive qi)
Name all organs and their emotional relationships?
- 火 Heart - Joy
- 土 Spleen - Over-thinking/Worry
- 金 Lungs - Sadness
- 水 Kidneys - Fear
- 木 Liver - Anger
What is the fundamental material for the constuction of the human body?
Qi (without qi, person cannot survive)
What is the fundamental essential material?
Which organ stores the Ethereal Soul?
The heart _________ the blood
governs and manages
Which organ has the problem if the patient is bleeding?
Spleen (consolidating function has the problem)
Which organ has the problem when dealing with blood stasis in the blood vessels?
Stagnation of Liver Qi
Which organ has a Qi deficiency if the Central Qi prolapses?
Spleen (consolidating fuction is weak)
In which direction does Liver Qi go?
In which direction does Lung Qi go?
What kind of deficiency causes Spontaneous Sweating?
Heaert Qi deficiency
What kind of deficiency causes Night Sweating?
Heart Yin deficiency
Liver ___________ blood
Which organ stores the Corporeal Soul?
Which Zang organ has a function that helps exhales dirty air and excrete foreign substance?
Lung dispersing function
What are the three sources of Qi formation?
- Congenital essence Qi from parents stored in the kidney
- Essential food Qi from food and water swallowed, digested and transformed into essential material, called food Qi (Gu Qi). (Spleen and Stomach)
- Clear air Qi inhaled form natural air (Lungs)
What are the physiological functions of Qi?
- Promoting - Qi is very active essence material. It promotes a lot of physiological function (i.e. body development, blood formation and circulation, body fluid formation, distribution ans excretion
- Warming - by the activity of Qi it promotes internal organ function. All of these will generate heat to keep the body temperature regulated
- Protection - Qi can protect the body surface to avoid exterior pathogen attack and also can help the body to fight the pathogen
- Consolidating - Qi can control and consolidate all body fluid and blood in its proper spaces (i.e. blood circulation in the blood vessels, normal body of body fluid secretion and excretion (i.e. sweat, saliva, sperm, urine, etc), keeps the internal organs in the right place, prevents them from descending
- Transformation - Qi Hua - changes after Qi activity. It includes formation of different kinds of Qi, all kinds of metabolism, the transformation between essence, Qi, Blood, and body fluid
- Nutrition - Ying Qi - It circulates in the blood vessel to provide nutrition to the whole body
What are the characteristics of Yuan Qi (original qi)?
- The most important and fundamental of all
- Formation - derives from kidney essence. Closest to essence, in qi form only, most rarefied. Comes from parents and is stored in the kidney and nourished by the post-heaven essence.
- Movement - Original Qi comes form the vital gate, the area between the two kidneys. It emerges at the source point of the 12 regular meridians and stays there.
- Motivating Power - activated growth and development
- Promoting physiological function of all internal organs, meridians and collaterals
- Warming effect to the body
- Helps the transformation of blood from food qi
What are the characteristics of Food Qi (Gu Qi)?
It is formed from food by the action of the spleen and stomach. First step of qi formation from food. Ascends to chest combining with the air qi from the lungs to form Zong Qi. Food Qi is a raw form of Qi, it cannot be used by the body yet
What are the characteristics of Gathering Qi (Zong Qi)?
- Formed by the interaction and transformation of Food Qi and Air Qi. More refined than Food Qi and can be used by the body. Zong Qi accumulates in the chest and is called Sea of Qi. It runs on the vessels of the lung and heart
- Function - goes to the respiratory tract for breathing. Relates to strength of speech, voice, and respiration. Goes to the heart vessel for blood circulation. It is related to Qi and Blood circulation, warmth or cold of the limbs, body activity, the strength of vision and hearing and heart beat
What are the characteristics of Nutrient Qi (Ying Qi)?
- Circulates in vessels
- Qi closest to blood
- Nourishes internal organs and whole body
- Circulates in the meridians
What are the characteristics of Defensive Qi (Wei Qi)?
- Circulates outside of the vessels
- Protects body from external pathogens
- Travels between skin and flesh to moisten the skin and hair
- Regulates opening and closing of pores
- Warms the organs
What are the characteristics of Zang, Fu, Meridian Qi?
- Derived from Yuan Qi
- Distributes to any of the Zang or Fu
- Becomes Qi of Zang or Fu
- Fundamental Qi of the specific organ
- Promotes and maintains the physiological function of the organ
What is the formula for Blood Formation?
Nutrient Qi (Ying Qi) + Body Fluid = Blood
What are the 9 orifices and which organs are they related to?
- Kidney - Ears (2), Anus (1), Urethra (1)
- Liver - Eyes (2)
- Heart - Tongue (1)
- Spleen - Mouth (1)
- Lungs - Nose (1)
What is the function of Blood?
- Maintains the vita activities of the whoel body
- Manitains normal body movements and sensation Liver recieves bollod, therefore the eyes can see
- Feet recieve blood, therefore they can walk
- Hands receive blood therefore they can hold and make a fist
- Fingers receive blood therefore they can pick things up
- If blood is sufficient, sensations will be normal
- When blood and qi are sufficient quick responses and no limitation of movements.
Normal blood circulation depends on what factors?
Blood belongs to yin, therefore it is not active or moving. In actuality blood does move, thru the action of qi. It is pushed by qi. Blood only moves in the blood vessels, ti does not spread out, this is a holding / consolidation function of qi. The pushing and holding effect of qi on the blood should be balanced. If balanced, there will be not bleeding and no coagulation.
Jin Ye occupies ____ of the total body weight.
What is the difference bewteen Jin and Ye?
- Jin - more dilute and clear, flows easily, is distributed in the outer layer of the body (skin, muscles, orifices), also penetrates and mixes with blood to moisten the blood
- Ye - Is thicker in density, decreased mobility, is distributed in the joints, internal organs, brain, spinal cord, etc to provide nutrients to these areas
What is the Jin Ye distribution and metabolism to the following organs: Spleen, Lung, Kidney, San Jiao, Liver?
- Spleen - spreads the water essence up to the lung for distribution to the whole body
- Lung - Helps the water passage move smoothly (disperses the pure part of the body fluid which comes from the spleen to the space under the skin)
- Kidney - Kidney essence qi performs Qi Hua function
- San Jiao - Distribution of water utilizes the San Jiao pathway
- Liver - Has some relation in water metabolism, as it is responsible for qi circulation of the whole body
What are the 4 ways in which we loose water physiologically?
What is the function of Jin and Ye?
- Jin - Moisturize the body - dilute fluid
- Yin - Nourish the body - thick fluid
- Carrier of Qi - to prevent scattering and loss of qi and keeps qi in certain areas of the body enabling it to perform its functions
What is the relationship between Qi, Blood and Body Fluid?
- Qi moves the Blood and Body Fluid
- Qi generates Blood and Body Fluid
- Qi consolidates Blood and Body Fluid
- Blood and Body Fluid nourish Qi
- Body Fluid moisturizes Qi
- Blood and Body Fluid carry Qi