Human Diversity

  1. Irish Immigration
    • 1700s mass immigration when britain took over- due to religion
    • 1845- potato famine- escaping starvation/persecution, seeking better economy
  2. Fear of Irish
    • willing to work for low wages
    • lose jobs
  3. Irish stereotypes
    • immoral
    • unintelligent
    • hot tempered
    • drunks
    • fighers
    • corrupt in business
    • can't be trusted
  4. Italian immigration
    • 1860- seeking economic opportunities
    • mainly from southern italy
    • Union movement
  5. Fear of Italians
    low wages, same as Irish
  6. Irish stereotypes
    • unintelligent
    • trouble makers
    • emotional
    • jealous
    • mafia involved
  7. Conflict between Irish and Italians
    • scarcity in economic opportunities
    • in competition for low wages, limited housing, similar education opportunities
    • began to work together
  8. Immigration Act of 1924
    set low quotas for certain immigrant groups
  9. Jewish Immigration
    • fleeing religious persecution from all over
    • spain and portugal
    • germany
    • Europe
    • US has the largest Jewish Population
  10. Fear of Jewish Immigrants
    • did not come seeking economic stability
    • fleeing persecution
    • competed with middle and upper society
  11. Jewish stereotypes
    • cheap
    • materialistic
    • unfair negotiators
  12. Current Issues for White Ethnic groups
    • prejudice/discrimination due to religion
    • ethnic enclaves in lg cities
    • ethnic distinction-practicing jews, clothing, etc
    • persistent stereotypes
    • catholic church issues
  13. African Americans- slavery
    • for life
    • inherited
    • could not own/inherit property
    • considered to be property
    • no rights
  14. Emancipation Proclamation
    • January 1, 1863
    • Lincoln freed the slaves
  15. June 19, 1865
    Documented date when slaves heared about EP
  16. 13th amendment
    officially abolished slavery in the US
  17. 14th amendment
    gave citizenship to those born in or naturalized in the US
  18. 15th Amendment
    prohibited denial of voting rights for men on grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  19. Jim Crow Laws
    series of laws put in place to disenfranchize the freed slaves and other minority groups
  20. Plessy versus Ferguson
    • legalized separate but equal
    • rail cars
    • water fountains
  21. Brown vs. Board
    • formal challenge to Plessy ruling in area of EDUCATION
    • separate but equal has no place in education
  22. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    • SCLC
    • organized by MLK
    • marches, protests, etc.
  23. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • outlawed Jim Crow practices
    • Malcolm X and MLK in same place
  24. African Americans current issues
    • de facto segregation
    • low academic completion
    • poverty
    • loan discrimination
    • incarceration rates
  25. Native Americans
    US Policy of separation
    • tribes treated as separate nations
    • led to Indian removal act
  26. Indian removal act 1830
    • biggest result of US Policy of separation
    • relocated eastern tribes to west of Mississippi
    • trail of tears
  27. US Policy of assimilation
    shift in policy to assimilate tribes into US population
  28. General Allotment act
    • Dawes Act
    • encourage assimilation
    • used blood quantum
    • given land and 25 years... most land was assumed back
  29. Indian Claims Commission Act
    • established to hear disputes with Dawes act
    • good in theory, but now real power
  30. Termination Act
    • phasing out
    • intedted to give independence, but tribes weren't stable
  31. American Indian Movement
    • AIM
    • black panthers
    • increase in cultural pride
    • used confrontation and media attn to resolve issues
    • fish ins
    • alcatraz
  32. Indian Self-determination and education assistance act
    • tribal control over edu opportunities
    • est. tribally run colleges
    • prevent brain drain
    • walton scholars
  33. Native American current issues
    • lower life expectancy rates
    • most likely to be crime victims
    • high suicide
    • high addiction
    • low academic completion
    • casinos
    • identifiability
  34. Latino Americans
    • spanish speaking
    • soon to be largest sub-population in US
  35. Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago
    • resolution of Mexican-American War
    • US Paid 15 mil. to annex TX, NM, AZ, and most of CA
  36. Repatriation
    • rounded up migrant farm workers and put them in MX but didn't check status
    • those not repatriated joined together- barros
  37. Los Braceros Program
    • contract between Mexico and US gov.
    • contracted mexicans to work as farm workers
    • braceros- no legal rights
  38. Operation Wetback
    • derogatory statement about legal status
    • went to border towns and rounded them up and shipped them back
  39. Jones Act- Puerto Rico
    granted unrestricted acces btw island and mainland US
  40. Puerto Rico commonwealth
    • Full citizen rights.
    • No representation.
  41. Freedom fotilla
    • Carter
    • Welcome anyone from cuba
  42. Marielitos
    • Castro took advantage of freedom fotilla
    • Opp to clear out bad weeds
  43. Current issues for latinos
    • LAnguage
    • Low academia
    • Poverty
    • Limited acces to hc
  44. Asian an pacific islanders
    • Chinese
    • Filipino
    • Japanese
    • Asian
    • Korean
  45. California immigration tax
    • Head tax
    • $55 per head
    • Angel island
  46. California outlawing Chinese immigration
    • Due to gold rush
    • Limit immigration
  47. Transcontinental railroad
    Excluded from ceremony
  48. Supreme court ruling
    • Head tax is unconstututional
    • Over ruled california outlawing
  49. Chinese exclusion act
    Suspended chinese imm for 10 years
  50. Amendment to Chinese exclusion act
    • Expempt for merchants
    • Students
    • Teachers
    • Gov officials
  51. Gentleman's agreement
    • Shady
    • Restricted who could potentially come to us
    • No passports etc.
  52. Alien land act
    • Prohibited anyone not a citizen from owning property.
    • Basic means of stabilty
  53. December 7, 1941
    Pearl harbor
  54. Executive order 9066
    • Feb. 9, 1942
    • Military zones
    • Relocation camps
    • Forced to sell property unless left with trustee
  55. Kye
    System of rotating loans within Korean American communities
  56. Tension between Korean and other minorities
    • Access to jobs, business
    • Close proximity
    • 1992 riots- businesses damages
  57. Philippines independence act
    Granted deferred independence and an annual quota of 50
  58. Current issues for Asian Americans
    • Language
    • Cultural
    • Hc limits
    • High academia
    • High income
    • Model minority
  59. Arab americans
    Anuone who speaks an arabic lanuage, practices islam, or identifies with arab traditions
  60. Naturalization act of 1790
    Limites citizenship to free white persons
  61. Anti terrorism and effective death penalty act of 1996
    • Increased government authority to detain and interogate individuals suspecte of links to terrorism
    • Suspended civil rights tose suspected
  62. Patriot act of 2001
    expands government power to detain, question, and deport, indefinite detention, warrent-less searches
  63. Current issues for Arab Americans
    • identifiability
    • high academic completion rate
    • high median income
    • increase in pol. participation
    • fear of crimes and descrimination
    • prevalent stereotypes
  64. Non-heterosexuals/ sexual orientation
    • kinsey research estimated 10% of pop
    • more likely around 5%
  65. who is considered to be LGBT?
    • lesbian
    • gay
    • bisexual
    • transexual
    • intertersexual
    • questioning
  66. transexual
    • believes to be born wrong gender
    • cross dressers
  67. interasexual
  68. LGBT myths
    • easy to identify
    • unproductive
    • universal lifestyle
    • promiscuous
    • sexually obsessed
    • sexual predators
    • AIDS
    • bad parents
    • it is about you
  69. Heterosexism
    harm to the dominant group comes in the broadest sense from the suppression and loss ofhuman talent from which we could all benefit and heterosexism thus has parallels in this regard to racism and sexism- Neubeck
  70. The catalyst event for the social movement of LGBT population:
    Stonewall riots in NYC 1969
  71. Hate-crime laws
    • crimes motivated by bias that target persons based on their actual or perceived race, religion, gender, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, gender identity or ethnicity
    • Matthew Shepherd-UofW homosexual
    • James Bared- TX black guy and truck
  72. current issues for homosexuals
    • protests
    • gay marriage
    • rights
    • reorientation therapies
    • businesses
  73. Elderly
    • based on arbitrary age of 65+
    • expectations differ by gender

  74. what are some problems experienced by the aged in US society?
    • change in status/roles
    • change in family dynamics and expectations
    • access to transportation
    • maintenence cost
    • stereotypes
  75. income problems
    • income
    • healthcare
    • economy changes- stocks, investments
    • programs
  76. current issues for elderly
    • insurance coverage
    • retirement benefits
    • protection from abuse
    • laws concerning: driing, grandchildren, death
    • activism, volunteering
  77. Females
    the suffrage movement in the U.S. began in 1830s and is linked with the abolition movement
  78. minor v. happerset
    supreme court ruled that females born in US were a special category of non voting citizens
  79. 19th amendment
    gave women right to vote
  80. equal rights amendment
    protection from sex based discrimination
  81. title IX educational amendment
    prohibits discrimination on bases of sex in EDUCATION
  82. Deburca vs. Attorney general
    individuals can not be excluded f/m a jury due to gender
  83. equal employment opportunity commission EEOC
    • agency that investigates gender discrimination cases
    • sexual harrassment
  84. current issues for females
    • pay equity
    • feminization of poverty
    • family role expectations
    • glass ceiling
    • helath and mental health concerns
  85. Differently Abled
  86. National defense act 1916
    provided funding for rehab and occupational training for soldiers who had been at war
  87. National rehabilitation act 1920
    • modified version of national defense act
    • expanded defense act to provide services for general public
  88. Social security act
    provided specific funding for the assistance of the elderly, blind, and children with disabilities
  89. Ed Roberts
    • 1st severely disabled student to attend a University
    • Berkeley
  90. architectural barriers act
    mandated physical accommodations in federal buildings
  91. urban mass transit act
    mandated all urban transit systems accommodate the differently abled
  92. ADAPT american disabled for accessible public transit
    advocacy group established to form compliance with urban mass transit act
  93. Rehabilitation act
    • outlawed case "creaming"- most severe first
    • est. affirmative actions in government contracting
    • more funding for architectural barriers in public places
  94. Equal Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    • created mainstreaming
    • established IEP
    • funding for early intervention
    • focus on least restrictive education environment
  95. Fair Housing Act
    prohibits disrimination in selling and renting on basis of race, sex, disability, family status, and nat. origin
  96. Americans with disabilities act ADA
    • prohibits discrimination in
    • employment
    • transportation
    • telecommunications
    • public places
    • public services
  97. current issues for differently abled
    • larges subpopulation
    • genetic research
    • insurance coverage
    • diagnostic term
    • unemployment rate and poverty have highest rate of hany subpopulation
  98. culture
    • blueprint or program for what humans do
    • gives meaning to the world for the individuals
  99. how has history impacted us in our current culture?
    • people rarely challenge what is familliar- status quo
    • culture shapes our thoughts, feelings, etc
  100. basic functions of culture
    • human survival
    • classification of the world
    • interpretation of behavior
    • means of problem solving
    • socialization
    • social org and control
    • values and behaviors are provided
  101. personal factors affected by culture?
    • identity/role expectations
    • communication
    • beliefs/attitudes
    • appearance
    • social behavior
    • emotional expression
  102. how does biology interact with cuture?
    culture provides the context for how biological needsa re to be met
  103. socialization is
    learning the basic social/mental skills necessary for functioning in human society
  104. Primary socialization
    occurs from primary caretakers
  105. secondary socialization
    • occurs from broader influences in society
    • school, church,e tc
  106. emotions
    culture influences what evokes emotion, how emotions are expressed or inhibited and their social significance
  107. gender roles
    many cultural adaptaions for gender roles- they are an important source of info about culture
  108. unconscious cultural acquisistion
    • aspects of social interaction such as social rules that are acquired without deliberate attention
    • children
    • eye contact
    • personal space
  109. behavioral determinism
    despite individual differences within cultures people behave in similar manners
  110. socialization and deviance
    cultural influences are so pervasive that even when someone is devient, they follow cultural patterns
  111. how does the environment influence culture and personal development
    influences on: access to resources, safely issues, personal choices
Card Set
Human Diversity
Baker abrams