opening through which fool passes into body; breaks food into small particles by chewing (mastication) & mixing with saliva
consists mostly of skeletal muscle; attached in posterior region of mouth; provides for movement of food during chewing; directs food to pharynx for swallowing; major organ for taste & speech
10 inch tube extending from pharynx to stomach
AKA > alimentary canal, gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). Organs connect from mouth to anus forming continuous passageway. W/help of accessory organs it prepares food for use by body cells & eliminates solid waste products from body.
separates nasal cavity from oral cavity.
posterior portion of palate not suported by bone.
anterior portion of palate supported by bone
sof V-shaped mass extending from soft palate; directs food into throat.
pharynx / throat
performs swallowing to pass food from mouth into esophagus
J-shaped sac that mixes & stores food. Secretes digestive chemicals & hormones for loal communication control.
part of stomach area around the opening of esophagus
uppermost domed portion of stomach
body of stomach
central portion of stomach
lower portion of stomach
portion of stomach that connects to small intestine
ring of muscle that guards (gate keeper) the opening between stomach & duodenum
canal extending from pyloric sphincter to large intestine. villae & cappillaries absorb the food and take to cells
first part of small intestine
second portion of small intestine
third part of small intestine;connects to large intestine.
canal extending from ileum to anus; recovery station of the H2O that the small intestine lets go of.
first portion of large intestine; blind U-shape
2nd part of large intestine which is divided into four parts: ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon & sigmoid colon.
last part of large intestine; extends from sigmoid colon to anus
sphincter (ringlike band of muscle fiber that keeps an opening tight) muscle at end of digestive tract
accessory organs of GI tract that produce saliva that flows into mouth
accesory organ of GI tract that produces bile. Bile is necessar for digestion of fats. Liver performs many other functions concerned w/digestion & metabolism.
passageways that carry bile
1) hepatic duct carries bile FROM liver
2) cystic duct carries bile FROM gallbladder
#1 & #2 join to form #3 > common bile duct that carries bile TO duodenum.
#1, 2 & 3 are referred to collectively as the biliary tract.
small and saclike...stores bile
produces pancreatic juice (who would have guesses?!) which helps digest all food types; also secretes insulin for carbohydrate metabolism.
serous saclike lining of abdominal & pelvic cavities
small pouch that has no function in digestion, attached to the cecum. AKA vermiform appendix.
portion of body beteen thorax & pelvis
combining form for anus
combining form for antrum
combining form for cecum
col/o and colon/o
combining forms for colon (usually denoting the large intestine)
combining form for, yes I bet you guessed it, the duodenum!!!!
combining form for intestine (usually denoting the small intestine)
please tell me you guessed correctly that this is the combining form for esophagus :)
combining form for stomach
combining form for ileum
combining form for what??? YES it IS the jejunum!!!!!
or/o or stomat/o
combining forms for mouth
proct/o or rect/o
combining forms for rectum
I know its a stretch, but just remember this is the combining form for sigmoid colon!!!!!
abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o
combining forms for abdomen or abdominal cavity
oh come on, if you can't figure out what this is the combining form for, I'm not going to tell you!!!!
combining form for lip
combining form for bile duct
combining form for gall and bile
combining form for COMMON bile duct
combining form for diverticulum, or blind pouch, extending from a hollow organ
combining form for gum (think gingivitis and mouthwash commercials)!
gloss/o or lingu/o
combining form for tongue
combining form for liver
combing form for hernia, or protrusion of an organ through membrane or cavity wall (yuck!)
combining form for palate, imagine that!
combining form for pancreas
combining form for peritoneum
common name for small polynesian man....just kiddin....combining form for polyp or small growth
combining form for pylorus or pyloric sphincter
combining form for saliva or salivary gland
prefix meaning half
suffix meaning digestion
inflammation of the good for nothing else besides becoming inflammed appendix
tumor of bile duct
inflammation of gallbladder
condition of stones in COMMON bile duct
condition of gallstones
inflammation of a diverticulum
abnormal conditionn of having diverticula
inflammatio of esophagus
inflammation of stomach
inflammation of stomach and intestines
inflammation of stomach, intestines and colon
inflammation of gums
inflammation of liver
inflammation of palate
inflammation of pancreas
inflammation of peritoneum
abnormal condition of multiple polyps in mucous membrane of intestine (especially colon) with high potential for malignancy.
prolapse of rectum
protrusion of rectum
stone in salivary gland
inflammation of liver associated with excess fat; often caused by alcohol & can lead to cirrhosis
inflammation of uvula
abnormal growing together of 2 surfaces that are normally separated (hence the use of the word "abnormal"!)..may occur after abdominal surgery.....surgical treatment = adhesiolysis or adhesiotomy
eating disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat. Results in emaciation, amenorrhea & abnormal fear of becoming obese. Occurs primarily in adolescents & young adults.
eating disorder involving gorging with food followed by purging using induced vomiting or laxative abuse (binging & purging)
surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdominal cavity, AKA paracentesis
surgical repair of abdomen
surgical repair of anus
excision of antrum
appendicectomy AKA appendectomy
If you dont know this one you flunk the class!!!
incision into abdominal cavity
suture of lip
excision of gallbladder
incision into COMMON bile duct to remove stone
excision of colon
creation of artificial opening into colon through abdominal wall for passage of stool. Creates mouth like opening in abdominal wall (AKA stoma). Can be permanent or temporary. Used as treatment for bowel obstruction, cancer or diverticulitis.
excision of a diverticulum
suture of intestine
surgical repair of esophagus and stomach
excision of stomach or part of stomach
creation of artificial openin between stomach and jejunum....one of Prof Pete's favorite spelling words!
surgical repair of stomach
creation of artifical opening into stomach through abdominal wall....they then insert tube into it to administer food when person cannot swallow.
surgical removal of gum tissue (so much easier just to remember to floss!!)
suture of tongue
excision of half of the colon
suturing of a hernia (for repair....seriously, what else would it be for???)
creation of artificial opening into the ileum through the abdominal wall...creates mouth-like opening and is used for passage of stool. Treatment for ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease or cancer.
incision into abdomen
surgical repair of palate
excision of polyp
incision into pyloric muscle
surgical repair of pylorus
excision of uvula
surgical repair of uvula, palate & pharynx....used to correct obstructive sleep apnea
an opening created by surgically joining 2 structures, such as blood vessels or bowel segments.
radiographic image of bile ducts
radiographic imaging of bile ducts; involves administration of contast media to outline the ducts
radiographic image of gallbladder; oral cholecystogram can be used to dianose cholelithiasis, but US is preferred / most often choice to diagnose.
radiographic image of colon using CT scan / software
radiographic image of esophagus, using barium as contrast media. AKA esophagram or barium swallow.
instrument used for visual exam of colon
visual exam of colon
instrument used for visual exam within a hollow organ
visual exam within a hollow organ
visual exam of esophagus, stomach and duodenum....sounds like possibly another Prof Pete favorite spelling word!
instrument for visual exam of esophagus
visual exam of esophagus
instrument used for visual exam of stomach
visual exam of stomach
instrument used for visual exam of abdominal cavity. Also used for laparoscopic surgery instead of lapartomy. Cholecystectomy, herniorrhaphy, appendectomy & colectomy can be laparoscopically.
visual exam of abdominal cavity
instrument used for visual exam of rectum
visual exam of rectum
instrument used for visual exam of sigmoid colon
visual exam of sigmoid colon
upper GI series
seires of radiographic images taken of the stomach and duodenum after barium is swallowed, ugh!
pertaining to abdomen
pertaining to anus
without swallowing, inability to swallow
pertaining to colon and rectal
difficult digestion (often used to describe GI symptoms)
pain in stomach
physician who studies and treats diseases of stomach and intestines (GI tract & accessory organs)
study of stomach and intestines OR branch of medicine that treats GI tract & its accessory organ diseases
softening of the stomach
disease of tongue
pertaining to the ileum and cecum
pertaining to nose and stomach
pertaining to mouth
pertaining to pancreas
pertaining to peritoneum
physician who studies and treats diseases of rectum
study of rectum OR branch of medicince that treates disorders of rectum and anus
pertaining to rectum
discharge of excessive amount of fat in stool....usually associated with malabsorption of fat in conditions such as chronic pancreatitis or celiac disease.
pertaining to mouth and stomach
pertaining to under the tongue
abnormal collection of fluid in peritoneal cavity
expelling matter from stomach through mouth, AKA vomitting or the more pretentious >>>vomitus!
involuntary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract.