# Social Research

 o aim to discover a few causal factors that are most important o Imagine 2 or 3 key factors that determine which colleges students chose? Nomothetic o Aim to explain things through all relevant causal factors. o imagine all the reasons you chose this college Idiographic Two Models of Explanation (cause & effect) Idiographic Nomothetic Demonstrates the % of differences ? A probabilistic relationship How to determine a causal relationship? By time sequence (e.g. X before Y)and In terms of cause and effect. By Time sequence (e.g., X before Y) In terms of cause and effect A variable assumed to depend on or be caused by another Dependent variable A variable with values that are not problematical in an analysis but are taken as simply given. Independent variable An empirical relationship between two variables such that changes in one are associated with changes in the other or particular attributes of one variable are associated with particular attributes of the other. Correlation What are the relationship between variables? Correlation and Casual relationship SDSU classification: freshmen, sophomore, junior, senior, graduate. Freshmen is an example of? An attribute Are the categories of a variable Attributes Examples of age, gender, are? Variables Is a label for a concept? Variable What do social scientists study? Social scientists study primarily social patterns rather than individual ones. Aggregates are collective actions and situations of many individuals. You’ll tend to focus on future events and situations that fit the pattern and you’ll ignore those that don’t. Selective Observation If only people who have reached a certain age can vote in elections. In the U.S. military, until recently only men could participate in combat. Such formal prescriptions is? Social regularities Attempts to discuss and explain what is, not what should be. It should not be confused with philosophy or belief. Logical aspect of life. Theory What is science vs personal inquiry? – Science is a conscious action, with distinctive purpose – Large & representative samples - Replications: Repeating an experiment to expose or reduce error. – Role of scientific community What are the two realities? Experiential and Agreement Reality We simply accept the great majority of them, the things that "everyone knows" undestanding of something we all know to be true. Tradition A trust the judgment of the person who has special training, expertise, and credentials in a given matter is? Authority What are the errors in personal inquiry? a. Inaccurate observationb. Overgeneralizationc. Selective Observationd. Premature closure of inquirye. Ego involvement Simply making observation more deliberate can reduce error. If you had to guess what your instructor was wearing the first day of class, you’d probably make a mistake. Inaccurate Observation We often assume that a few similar events are evidence of a general pattern. Scientists guard against overgeneralization by seeking a sufficiently large sample of observations. Overgeneralization Authormariana ID7848 Card SetSocial Research DescriptionHuman Inquiry Updated2010-02-23T19:08:10Z Show Answers