1. Who issues the project charter document?
    The performing organization's higher management.
  2. What document is the result of the project initiation process?
    The project charter.
  3. Why is the project charter important?
    It names the project manager and authorizes the project manager to use the organization's resources for the project.
  4. What is included in the project charter?
    Project justification, high-level project description, project objectives and success criteria, high-level risks, milestone schedule, budget summary, project approval and acceptance requirements, assigned project manager, project sponsor.
  5. What are the main outputs of project initiating?
    Project Charter, Stakeholder Register, and Stakeholder Management Strategy.
  6. Which of the following is not an example of a project selection method?

    Enterprise environmental factors
    Scoring models.
    Benefit cost ratio.
    Constrained optimization methods
    Enterprise environmental factors
  7. What tools and techniques are used to identify stakeholders?
    Expert judgement and stakeholder analysis.
  8. What are the output items of the Identify Stakeholders process?
    The stakeholder register and the stakeholder management strategy.
  9. What are the inputs to Identifying Stakeholders?
    The project charter, procurement documents, enterprise environmental factors, and organizational process assets.
  10. What is the statement of work?
    A document describing the products, services, or results that will be delivered by the project.
  11. What is a project?
    A work effort made over a finite period of time with a start and finish to create a unique product, service, or result.
  12. What are the five stages, called process groups, of a project lifecycle?
    • Initiating
    • Planning
    • Executing
    • Monitoring and controlling
    • Closing
  13. What are the nine knowledge areas?
    • Communications Management
    • Human Resource Management
    • Integration Management
    • Procurement Management
    • Cost Management
    • Quality Management
    • Risk Management
    • Scope Management
    • Time Management
  14. What are project stakeholders?
    Individuals and organizations whose interests are positively or negatively affected by the project execution and completion.
  15. What three characteristics should an effective project manager have?
    • Knowledge
    • Performance
    • Personal abilities
  16. What are the four types of organization structures?
    • Projectized
    • Functional
    • Matrix
    • Composite
  17. The role of a project manager is more of a coordinator or an expediter in what type of organizations?
    Functional and weak matrix.
  18. The initiating process group consists of what two processes?
    • Develop Project Charter
    • Identify Stakeholders
  19. What formally authorizes a project?
    The approved project charter.
  20. What are the inputs to Identifying Stakeholders?
    • Project charter
    • Procurement documents
    • Enterprise environmental factors
    • Organizational process assets
  21. What are the five types of algorithms for constrained optimization methods?
    • Linear
    • Nonlinear
    • Dynamic
    • Integer
    • Multiple objective programming
  22. Constrained optimization methods are only used for complex projects and are not typically used for most projects. True or false?
  23. What are constrained optimization methods concerned with?
    They are concerned with predicting the success of the project.
  24. What are the three major steps to Stakeholder Analysis?
    • Identify
    • Assess
    • Classify
  25. What are the three categories of methods available to select from the proposed projects?
    • Benefit measurement method
    • Constrained optimization method
    • Expert judgment
  26. What is progressive elaboration?
    Progressive elaboration is the process of continuously improving and detailing a plan as more detailed and specific information and more accurate estimates become available.
  27. What is the project baseline?
    The project baseline is defined as the approved plan for the scope, schedule, and cost of the project.
  28. What are the inputs to the Develop Project Management Plan process?
    • Project charter
    • Output from other planning processes
    • Enterprise environmental factors
    • Organizational process assets
  29. The process of developing the project management plan falls into what knowledge area?
    Integration Management.
  30. What tools and techniques are utilized in developing the project management plan?
    Expert judgment.
  31. What are the five processes of Project Scope Management?
    • Collect requirements
    • Define scope
    • Create WBS
    • Verify scope
    • Control scope
  32. What is the Collect Requirements process?
    Collect requirements is the process of defining and documenting stakeholders' needs to meet the project objectives.
  33. What are the inputs to the Collect Requirements process?
    • Project charter
    • Stakeholder register
  34. What are the outputs of the Collect Requirements process?
    • Requirements documentation
    • Requirements management plan
    • Requirements traceability matrix
  35. What are some of the tools and techniques used in the Collect Requirements process?
    • Interviews
    • Focus groups
    • Facilitated workshops
    • Group creativity techniques
    • Group decision making techniques
    • Questionnaires and surveys
    • Observations
    • Prototypes
  36. What are some of the techniques in group decision making?
    • Unanimity: everyone agrees on a single course of action
    • Majority: more than 50% agree
    • Plurality: largest block decides even if no majority
    • Dictatorship: one person makes the decision for the group
  37. What are some of the group creativity techniques?
    • Brainstorming
    • Nominal group technique
    • Delphi group technique
    • Idea/mind mapping
    • Affinity diagram
  38. What is the requirements traceability matrix?
    A table that links requirements to their origin and traces them throughout the project life cycle.
  39. What are the inputs to Define Scope?
    • Project charter
    • Requirement documentation
    • Organizational process assets
  40. What tools and techniques are used in the Define Scope process?
    • Alternative identification
    • Product analysis
    • Facilitated workshops
    • Expert judgment
  41. What are the outputs of the Define Scope process?
    • Project scope statement
    • Updates to project documents
  42. If there are n people working on a project, how many total communication channels are there?
    There are n(n-1)/2 communication channels.
  43. What is parametric estimating?
    The process of using historical data to compare against your project to determine a correlation and thereby a cost estimate for your current project.
  44. Staffing is typically the highest in which phase of a project?
    Execution phase.
  45. What are the processes in Scope Management?
    • Collect Requirements
    • Define Scope
    • Create WBS
    • Verify Scope
    • Control Scope
  46. What is the lowest level of each branch in a WBS?
    Work package.
  47. What is the technique for subdividing the project deliverables into smaller, manageable tasks called?
  48. What is rolling wave planning?
    A type of progressive elaboration in which the decomposition of a deliverable or subproject is postponed until more information becomes available.
  49. What is a component that is below the control account, that has a well-defined work content but not a detailed schedule, called?
    A planniing package.
  50. What is the unique identier assigned to each component in a WBS called?
    Code of account identifier.
  51. What elements does the project scope statement include?
    • Project assumptions and constraints
    • Project deliverables
    • Project exclusions
    • Project scope description
    • Product acceptance criteria
  52. What does the scope baseline consist of?
    WBS, WBS dictionary, and project scope statement.
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