1. 1. As World War II began for the United States in 1941, President Roosevelt
    d) decided to concentrate first on the war in Europe and to place the Pacific war on hold
  2. 2. Once at war, Americans first great challenge was to
    e) retool its industry for all-out war production
  3. 3. Overall, most ethnic groups in the United States during World War II
    a) were further assimilated into American society
  4. 4. Japanese-Americans were placed in concentration camps during World War II
    c) as a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear
  5. 5. The minority groups most adversely affected by Washington�s wartime policies was
    c) Japanese-Americans
  6. 6. In the 1800s the Japanese government drove many Japanese farmers off their land by
    d) imposing a steep land tax
  7. 7. In the period from 1885 to 1924, Japanese immigrants to the U.S. were
    e) select representatives of their nation
  8. 8. When the U.S. entered World War II in December 1941,
    d) a majority of Americans had no clear idea of what the war was about
  9. 9. During World War II, the United States government commissioned the production of synthetic ________________ in order to offset the loss of access to prewar supplies in East Asia.
    b) rubber
  10. 10. Match each of the wartime agencies below with its correct function:
    b) A-1, Bi2, C-3, D-4 employment in war industries
  11. 11. While American workers, on the whole, were committed to the war effort, several unions went on strike. The most prominent was the
    d) United Mine Workers
  12. 12. During World War II,
    e) labor unions substantially increased their membership
  13. 13. The employment of more than six million women in American industry during World War II led to
    c) the establishment of day-care centers by the government
  14. 14. The main reason that the majority of women war workers left the labor force at the end of WWII was
    e) family obligations
  15. 15. African-Americans did all of the following during World War II except
    a) fight in integrated combat units
  16. 16. Which of the following is least related to the other three?
    a) Smith-Connally Act
  17. 17. Big-government intervention got its biggest boost from
    b) World War II
  18. 18. The northward migration of African-Americans accelerated after World War II because
    c) Mechanical cotton pickers came into use
  19. 19. During World War II, American Indians
    d) moved off reservations in large numbers
  20. 20. By the end of World War II, the heart of the United States� African-American community had shifted to
    e) northern cities
  21. 21. The national debt increased most during
    c) World War II
  22. 22. Most of the money raised to finance World War II came through
    e) borrowing
  23. 23. The first naval battle in history in which all of the fighting was done by carrier-based aircraft was the Battle of
    c) the Coral Sea
  24. 24. The tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific was turned following the Battle of
    d) Midway
  25. 25. The Japanese made a crucial mistake in 1942 in their attempt to control much of the Pacific when they
    c) overextended themselves instead of digging in and consolidating their gains
  26. 26. In waging war against Japan, the United States relied on a strategy of
    d) �island hopping� across the South Pacific while bypassing Japanese strongholds
  27. 27. The conquest of ________________ was especially important, because from there Americans could conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands.
    e) Guam
  28. 28. The Allies won the Battle of the Atlantic by doing all of the following except
    b) organizing Allied �wolf packs� to chase down German U-boats
  29. 29. Hitler�s advance in the European theater of war crested in late 1942 at the Battle of Battle of ________________, after which his fortunes gradually declined.
    b) Stalingrad
  30. 30. The Allies postponed opening a second front in Europe until 1944 because
    e) of British reluctance and lack of adequate shipping
  31. 31. The Allied demand for unconditional surrender was criticized mainly by opponents who believed that such surrender would
    a) encourage the enemy to resist as long as possible
  32. 32. President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced at their wartime conference in Casablanca that their principal war aim was to
    d) force the unconditional surrender of both Germany and Japan
  33. 33. Arrange these wartime conferences in chronological order: (A) V-J Day, (B) V-E Day, (C) D Day, (D) invasion of Italy
    c) B, D, A, C
  34. 34. The major consequence of the Allied conquest of Sicily in August 1943 was
    a) a modification of the demand of unconditional surrender of Italy
  35. 35. After the Italian surrender in August, 1943,
    b) the Soviets accepted the wisdom of delaying the invasion of France and pursuing the second front in Italy
  36. 36. The real impact of the Italian front on World War II may have been that it
    e) destroyed the monastery of Monte Cassino and other Italian artistic treasures
  37. 37. At the wartime Teheran Conference,
    a) the Soviet Union agreed to declare war on Japan within three months
  38. 38. The cross-channel invasion of Normandy to open a second front in Europe was commanded by General
    d) Bernard Montgomery
  39. 39. In a sense, Franklin Roosevelt was the �forgotten man� at the Democratic Convention in 1944 because
    b) he remained in Washington, D.C., to conduct the war
  40. 40. Action by the U.S. against Hitler�s campaign of genocide against the Jews
    a) was reprehensibly slow in coming
  41. 41. As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf,
    e) Japan was finished as a naval power
  42. 42. The Potsdam conference
    a) determined the fate of Eastern Europe
  43. 43. The spending of enormous sums on the original atomic bomb project was spurred briefly by the belief that
    e) the American public would not tolerate the casualties that would result from a land invasion of Japan
  44. 44. The �unconditional surrender� policy toward Japan was modified by
    e) permitting the Japanese to retain a st5rong army but no real navy
  45. 45.Which of the following was not among the qualities of the American participation in World War II?
    e)the maintenance and re-affirmation of the strength of American democracy
Card Set
Lange 36