Chapter 22

  1. The preliminary parts of a facial treatment that determine the treatments to be performed are:

    C) skin analysis and consultation
  2. The health screening performed prior to a facial treatment is used by the technician to determine any:

    A) contraindications
  3. Clients with obvious skin abnormalities such as open sores, fever blisters, or abnormal-looking signs should be:

    C) referred to a physician
  4. When removing a cleanser from the eye area, it should be removed with damp facial sponges or cotton pads:

    A) in an upward and outward movement
  5. When performing a skin analysis with a magnifying lamp, the first thing the technician should look for is the presence or absence of:

    A) visible pores
  6. If the client is not producing enough sebum, the skin type is characterized as:

    B) alipidic
  7. Skin that has small pores and my be flaky or dry with fine line and wrinkles is characterized as:

    C) dehydrated
  8. Oily skin or skin that produces too much sebum may appear shiny or greasy and have:

    D) large pores
  9. Pores that are clogged from dead cells building up in the follicle may have the appearance of open:

    D) comedones
  10. The difference between closed and open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or the:

    C) ostium
  11. When the follicle becomes clogged, resulting in an infection of the follicle, it is caused by a type of acne bacteria called:

    B) anaerobic
  12. Red pimples that do not have a pus head are referred to as:

    A) acne papules
  13. A skin condition caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalances resulting in dark blotches of color in areas of the skin is:

    B) hyperpigmentation
  14. A chronic hereditary disorder indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing is:

    A) rosacea
  15. A nonfoaming cleansing product that is designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin is:

    B) cleansing milk
  16. Cleansing products that foam and rince off easily generally contain surfactants also known as:

    C) detergents
  17. Skin products designed to lower the pH of skin after cleansing and remove excess cleansing products are freshners, astringents, or:

    D) toners
  18. Exfoliant products are used on skin surfaces to make the skin lokk smother by:

    D) removing excess dead cells
  19. Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove surface dead cells from the:

    C) stratum corneum
  20. A gentle chemical exfoliation acid that helps dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells is:

    C) alpha hydroxy acid
  21. A salon-type of alpha hydroxy acid exfolliant that contains a concentration of 20 to 30 percent acid is referred to as a:

    A) peel
  22. A chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin protein in the surface skin cells is known as an enzyme peel or:

    D) keratolytic
  23. An enzyme cream-type skin peel that forms a crust and is rolled off the skin is a:

    C) gommage
  24. Moisturizers that increase the water content of the skin's surface with a product that is water-binding are known as:

    B) hydrators
  25. A fatty or oily ingredient used to block moisture from leaving the skin is a(n):

    B) emollient
  26. Clients should be advised to use sunscreens that protect against both UVA and:

    B) UVB sun rays
  27. Highly concentrated skin products applied under a moisturizer or sunscreen are:

    A) serums
  28. Lubricants applied to the face to make the skin slippery during a treatment are:

    A) massage creams
  29. Soothing masks that have antibacterial ingredients and are helpful for acne-prone skin are:

    A) clay based
  30. Masks that do not dry the skin and often contain oils and emollients as well as humectants are:

    B) cream masks
  31. Paraffin used as a mask has no skin benefit unless mixed with a(n):

    D) treatment cream
  32. A plaster-like mask that, when mixed with water, causes a chemical reaction is known as a(n):

    D) modelage mask
  33. The think, open-meshed, woven cotton fabric used in the penetration of the mask application is:

    D) gauze
  34. The term used to describe the manual or mechanical manipulation of the body is:

    C) massage
  35. To master massage techniques, the cosmetologist should have a basic working knowledge of:

    D) anatomy and physiology
  36. The direction of movement in massage techniques should always be from the insertion of the muscle:

    D) toward its origin
  37. The massage movement that is a light continuous stroking movement with the fingers in a slow rhythmic manner is:

    D) effleurage
  38. The kneading massage movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with light, firm pressure is:

    C) pretrissage
  39. The deep rubbing of friction massage movements on the skin has been known to have a significant effect on the:

    D) activity and texture of the skin
  40. The most stimulating type of massage that should be performed using extreme care and discretion is:

    A) tapotement
  41. The point on the skin over the muscle where pressure and stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is referred to as the:

    C) motor point
  42. A significant benefit of a facial steamer that heats and produces steam is that the steam produced will soften and relax:

    C) follicle accumulations
  43. When using the brushing machine to perform an exfoliation, the skin should be treated with a(n):

    D) fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer
  44. The skin suction and cold spray machine is used to increase circulation and should be used only on nonsensitive or:

    A) noninflamed skin
  45. The use of electric currents to treat the skin is a form of:

    C) electrotherapy
  46. The process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the follicles is called:

    A) desincrustation
  47. Water-soluble products are penetrated into the skin using galvanic current and a process called:

    D) iontophoresis
  48. A galvanic treatment using a computerized device to tone skin and produce a lifting effect on aging skin is:

    D) microcurrent
  49. The therapeutic use of essential oils to enhance a person's physical and emotional well-being is:

    D) aromatherapy
  50. After the first treatment, every new client should be provided with a thorough consultation that consists of salon treatment programs, education, and:

    B) proper home care
Card Set
Chapter 22
Facials - Test Review