A company's: philosophy and mission, vision, what it believes drives value added, and how it treats its stakeholders.
Ethics Program Orientation Types
Compliance-based, integrity/value-based, satisfaction of external stakeholders, protect top management from blame, or a combination.
Compliance-based orientation focus
Preventing, detecting, and punishing violations of the law.
Integrity or values-based orientation focus
Defines organizational values and encourages employee commitment.
Satisfaction of external stakeholders orientation focus
Improvement of image with and relationships with external stakeholders.
Protect top management from blame orientation focus
Cover your ass (CYA)
Important aspects of ethical culture
Ethical leadership by executives/supervisors, reward systems, perceived fairness, open discussion, authority structure that emphasizes an employee's accountability, organizational focus that communicates care for employees, official policies and procedures, supporting offices, supporting structures.