cardiovascular system and blood

  1. Albumins, globulins, and fibrinogen are three of the _________ present in the blood.
  2. The antibody molecules produced in the immune system belong to a group of proteins called
    gamma globulins
  3. When red blood cells are placed in solution that contains no solute, the red blood cells tend to
  4. The squeezing of red blood cells from the bone marrow into the capillaries is a process known as
  5. Old and damage red blood cells are broken down in the
    liver, spleen, and bone marrow
  6. Bilirubin is a bile pigment formed from the breakdown of
  7. The lack of B12 in the body results in
    pernicious anemia
  8. Sickle cell anemia is derived from a
    defect traced to the genes of the body
  9. The primary cells of the body's immune system are the
    • B-lymphocytes
    • T-lymphocytes
  10. Approximately 6 to 8 percent of the white blood cells consist of large, agranular phagocytic cells known as
  11. An overpopulation of white blood cells is a characteristic of a form of cancer known as
  12. The primary fx of the white blood cells in the body is in
    body defense
  13. The clotting protein called prothrombin is manufactured in teh
  14. The accumulation of cholesterol along the inner walls of blood vessels canlead to a condition called
  15. A person who has blood type A may donate blood to a person who has what blood type
    A or AB
  16. A person who has blood type B may receive blood from a person who has what blood type
    B or O
  17. Hemolytic disease of the newborn may develop when the father is ___________ and the mother is __________.
    • Rh-positive
    • Rh-negative
  18. The formed elements of the blood are suspended in a pale, somewhat yellow fluid known as
  19. Those proteins that contribute to the viscosity of the blood and help maintain a consistent pH in the blood are known as
    albumin proteins
  20. Gamma globulins are well known as antibody molecules are produced in the
    immune system
  21. Red blood cells have no nucleus or organelles; instead they are filled with
  22. The red blood cells appear as a __________ disk
  23. When red blood cells are suspended in solutions that cntain excessive amounts of solute the cells shrink in a process called
  24. When red blood cells are suspended in solutions that cntain excessive amounts of solute the cells burst in a process called
  25. Red blood cell formation goes on in the red bone marrow by a process called
  26. The hemoglobin molecule cnsists of four chains of
  27. When carbon monoxide enters red blood cells it binds tightly to the
    hemoglobin molecule
  28. Red blood cells circulate in the bloodstream for approximately __________ days
  29. The hormone erythropoietin stimulates the development of red blood cells in the
    red bone marrow
  30. Failure of the body to synthesize one or more polypeptide chains of hemoglobin results in a condition known as
  31. Eosinophils, basophils, and neutrophils are all types of white blood cells known as
  32. Because the nucleus of a neutrophil occurs in two to five lobes, the cell is known as a
    polymorphonuclea cell
  33. Basophils are among the _______ numerous of all the white blood cells in the circulation
  34. T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes are the important cells of the body's
    immune system
  35. The important phagocytes of the body include
    • neutrophils
    • macrophages
    • monocytes
  36. Leukopenia is a __________ than normal count of white blood cells in the body
  37. A blood clot that moves from one bod location to another is known as a
  38. A person having blood type O is known as the
    universal donor
  39. The pericardium is the double sac membrane that
    encloses the heart
  40. Most of the cardiac muscle of the heart is found in the
  41. The interventricular septum and the intra-atrial septm separate the
    chambers of the heart
  42. Blood returning to the heart from the body organs enters the
    right atrium through the vena cava
  43. The systemic circuit of the cardiovascular system extends from the ______ to the body's ________ and __________.
    • heart
    • body's organs and tissues
  44. The only vein in the body that transports oxygen-rich blood is the
    pulmonary vein
  45. All arteries of the body flow
    away from the heart
  46. The semilunar valves prevent blood from flowing backwards into the
  47. The arteries supplying blood to the tissue of the heart are the
    coronary arteries
  48. A blockage within the heart arteries caused by the death of heart muslce cells is known as an
  49. Intercalated disks are found between the
    cardiac muscle cells
  50. The bundle of His is a group of
    Purkinje fibers
  51. Nervous control of the heart can be exerted by fibers of the
    autonomic nervous system
  52. The condition called arrhythmia is characterized by
    irregular heart rhythms
  53. The terms systole and diastole refer to
    heart contractions and relaxations
  54. What is the flow of blood from the heart to the body organs and back to the heart
    arteries to capillaries to veins
  55. The pulse rate of a normal individual averages about
    70 bpm
  56. The hepatic portal vein transports blood from the ___________ to the _________.
    • gastrointestinal tract
    • liver
  57. The heart islocated approximately
    between the second and fifth ribs and anterior to teh vertebral column
  58. The two inferior chambers of the heart are known as the
  59. blood returning from the heart muscle enters the
    coronary sinus
  60. blood moves toward the lungs after it leaves the
    right ventricles
  61. The ___________ lies between the left atrium andthe left ventricle
    bicuspid valve
  62. the valves found at the entrance to the pulmonary artery and the aorta are known as
  63. the atrioventricular valves prevent blood from flowing backward into the
  64. dying cells in the heart muscle may form a blockage known as a
    myocardial infarction
Card Set
cardiovascular system and blood
overview of cardiovascular system and blood