President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces. Policy of equipping
and training of the South Vietnamese to fight for themselves
Kent State Massacre
Protests to the war that lead to National Guard being called in and shot students because they burned the ROTC building. Students protested in Ohio against the US invasion of Cambodia. They became violent, the
national guard came in, and they continued to throw rocks at them. the guard first at the students killing 4
Peace with honor!
Paris Accords (1973)
1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North
Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War.
Ho Chi Minh City
New name of Saigon, after Communism in N. Vietnam took over S. Vietnam , this all happened after U.S. left the war in vietnam
"realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means,
power more important than principles. The idea that governments should
obtain what they need in a realistic, non-Utopian manner. Bismark was
the ideal practioner of this.
Dr. Henry Kissinger
United States diplomat who served under President Nixon and President
Ford (born in 1923). , reinforced Nixon's thinking. In 1969, Kissinger
had begun meeting secretly with North Vietnamese officials in Paris to
negotiate an end to the war in Vietnam.
This is the name given to Henry Kissinger travelling back and forth to
Isreal, Egypt, and Syria to help end the oil embargo. International
negotiations conducted by a mediator who frequently flies back and forth
between the negotiating parties
French word meaning an easing of tensions between the world's
superpowers during the Cold War, relaxation of tensions between the
United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and
Treaty signed in 1972 between the U.S. and the USSR. This agreement
limited the number of missiles in each nation and led to the SALT II
discussions and a slowdown of the arms race between the two countries.
During the Vietnam War, the Nixon Doctrine was created. It stated that
the United States would honor its exisiting defense commitments, but in
the future other countries would have to fight their own wars without
support of American troops.
General Augusto Pinochet
was ruler of Chile from 1973 till 1990. He promoted foreign investment
and privatized industry, and basically tried to solve economic problems
by sponsoring capitalism. He also killed and tortured many people,
Socialist politician elected president of Chile in 1970 and overthrown
by the military in 1973. He died during the military attack., President
of Chile from 1970 to 1973, a member of the Socialist Party, he
attempted to institute a number of democratic reforms in Chilean
politics. He was overthrown and assassinated in 1973 during a military
coup lead by General Augusto Pinochet.
1973 Arab Oil Embargo
After the Yom Kippur war. OPEC stops all oil exports to the US for
helping israel. As a result the gas prices in the US went up 70% and the
Alaskan pipe line was founded
Chief Justice Warren Burger
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court although considered more conservative
in leadership than earl warren his court uphelp school busing a woman's
right to an abortion and ordered nixon to surrender the watergate
tapes, Supreme Court chief Justice considered a strict constitutionist
Senator George McGovern
George Stanley McGovern, Ph.D (born July 19, 1922) is a former United
States Representative, Senator, and Democratic presidential nominee.
McGovern lost the 1972 presidential election in a landslide to incumbent
Richard Nixon. McGovern was most noted for his opposition to the
Vietnam War. He is currently serving as the United Nations global
ambassador on hunger.
a process by which companies move industrial jobs to other regions with
cheaper labor, leaving the newly de-industrialized region to switch to a
service economy & work through a period of high unemployment
The means of economic planning which reflect the belief that the
government should intervene in inflationary times by regulating the
maximum prices that can be charged and the wages that can be paid. Such
controls would be imposed only on the largest industries.
During the 60's and 70's, the U.S. was suffering from 5.3% inflation and
6% unemployment. Refers to the unusual economic situation in which an
economy is suffering both from inflation and from stagnation of its
CREEP: Committee to Re-Elect the President
Nixon's committee for re-electing the president. Found to have been
engaged in a "dirty tricks" campaign against the democrats in 1972. They
raised tens of millions of dollars in campaign funds using unethical
means. They were involved in the infamous Watergate cover-up.
A break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate
complex in Washington was carried out under the direction of White
House employees. Disclosure of the White House involvement in the
break-in and subsequent cover-up forced President Nixon to resign in
1974 to avoid impeachment.
Concerns first that the US Presidency was out of control and second that the Presidency had exceeded the Constitutional limits.
G. Gordon Liddy
Chief operative for the White House Plumbers unit that existed during
several years of Nixon's Presidency. Masterminded the first break-in of
the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate building
in 1972. Served 4.5 years in prison.
one of the "plumbers" who worked for the White House to plug "leaks" to
the media; he committeed illegal break-ins and surveillances. His
revelations in 1973 that he was being paid to keep quiet began the
unraveling of the Watergate cover-up
E. Howard Hunt
Worked for the Nixon White House, in charge of the Watergate break in,
convicted and went to jail for his involvement. former CIA officer
guided the burglers by walkie talkie from hotel on opposite side of the
Senator George McGovern
Name given to the special investigations committee established along
with CREEP in 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential
information to the public and press.
Harry Robbins was an American political aide and businessman, best known
for his service as White House Chief of Staff to President Richard
Nixon and for his role in events leading to the Watergate burglaries and
the Watergate scandal — for which he was found guilty of conspiracy and
obstruction of justice.
John Daniel Ehrlichman was counsel and Assistant to the President for
Domestic Affairs under President Richard Nixon. He was a key figure in
events leading to the Watergate first break-in and the ensuing Watergate
scandal, for which he was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of
justice and perjury.
Judge John Sirica
The judge who tried the Watergate burglars who eventually uncovered a
connection to the Nixon White House. An unmerciful federal judge that
led the criminal trial of the Watergate break-in.
Senator Sam Ervin
Sam Ervin was a senator from North Carolina. He was chairman of the
Senate Select Committee to Investigate Presidential Campaign Practices
during the Watergate scandal.
SPECIAL COUNSEL TO THE PRESIDENT; served seven months in prison in 1974
after pleading guilty to obstruction of justice in the Watergate-related
Daniel Esberg case; indicted for his role in the Watergate cover-up
John W. Dean, III
Became Chief legal advisor to Nixon. He famously said that he had a cancer on the Presidency.
A cancer in the Presidency!
Words by Dean which basically stated that Nixon was a cancer on the
Presidency for his actions. He was a cancer on the Presidency for his
poor policies as well.
A professor of Harvard law school who also worked with the Department of
Labor. He was the appointed Special Prosecutor over the Watergate case.
Nixon's secretary of defense, and then his attorney general incharge of investigating the watergate scandal.
He was the next Special Prosecutor of the Watergate case after Cox was
fired. Jaworski was responsible for bringing to light many damaging
facts of the Watergate break-in and subsequent cover-up.
Saturday Night Massacre
Archibald Cox, the prosecutor of the Watergate scandal case who had
issued a subpoena of the tapes, was fired. Both the attorney general and
deputy general resigned because they, themselves did not want to fire
Cox. It was the dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald
Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and
Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus during the Watergate scandal
Woodward's anonymous source to the Watergate scandal; eventually
revealed himself to be Mark Felt, the Deputy Director of the FBI.
This deputy director of the FBI was "Deep Throat", an inside source on
the watergate investigation. Nixon impeachment informant, known as "deep
throat" supplied info to reporters because he felt nixon broke the law
and was disgruntled at not becoming head of the FBI
Worked for the Washington Post. Wrote about the Watergate Scandal
Assistant managing editor of The Washington Post. While an investigative
reporter for that newspaper, Woodward, working with fellow reporter
Carl Bernstein, helped uncover the Watergate scandal that led to U.S.
President Richard Nixon's resignation. Woodward has written 12
best-selling non-fiction books and has twice contributed reporting to
efforts that collectively earned the Post and its National Reporting
staff a Pulitzer Prize.
evidence that Nixon had participated in the Watergate cover-up, which
led to certain impeachment, a reference to an object or fact that serves
as conclusive evidence of a crime or similar act
Senator Howard Baker
Senator from Tennessee. Became the 2nd senator elected in a peripheral
south state in the modern era. Also appealed directly to the blacks.
First group of Southern Republican senators built the strongest
political base. VP of Senate Watergate Committee "What did Nixon know
and when did he know it?"
What did the President know, and when did he know it?
Words of Senator Howard Baker, which described the general curiousity of
the public towards the controversy of the Watergate Scandal.
White House aid that revealed existence of tapes. A man who testified
that Nixon had a taping system installed in the Oval Office
I am not a crook!
President Richard Nixon infamously denied any involvement in the Watergate scandal with his now timeless defense.
Helsinki Accords 1975
The Final Act of the Helsinki conference in 1975 in which the
thirty-five nations participating agreed that Europe's existing
political frontiers could not be changed by force. They also solemnly
accepted numerous provisions guaranteeing the human rights and political
freedoms of their citizens.
Last official battle of the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
involving capture of the ship by Cambodian forces. Peace time military
rescue operation conducted by American armed forces against Cambodia
Whip Inflation Now (WIN) was an attempt to spur a grassroots movement to
combat inflation, by encouraging personal savings and disciplined
spending habits in combination with public measures, urged by U.S.
President Gerald Ford. People who supported the mandatory and voluntary
measures were encouraged to wear "WIN" buttons, perhaps in hope of
evoking in peacetime the kind of solidarity and voluntarism symbolized
by the V-campaign during World War II.
Ford to NYC: DROP DEAD!
President Ford declared flatly today that he would veto any bill calling
for "a federal bail-out of New York City" and instead proposed
legislation that would make it easier for the city to go into
This was the only Vice President not elected by the American people who ran with Gerald Ford.
Highly driven, however, Carter soon became restless and decided to run
for public office for the first time in 1962. Jimmy Who? offers a fluid
overview of these events by combining rare film footage and interviews
with friends, colleagues, and historians. The segment climaxes with
Carter's attempts to pass legislation during his first year as
Senator Walter Mondale
He was the vice president of Carter and when he won the democratic
nomination he was defeated by a landslide by Reagan. He was the first
presidential candidate to have a woman vice president, Geraldine
National Energy Act 1978
a law enacted during Carter admin, established a tax on gas-guzzling
cars, removed price controls on US oil and natural gas, and provided tax
credits for development of alternative energy sources, law that aimed
to conserve energy
Second Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. A second treaty was signed on
June 18, 1977 to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
because it was getting too competitive. Set limits on the numbers of
weapons produced. Not passed by the Senate as retaliation for U.S.S.R.'s
invasion of Afghanistan, and later superseded by the START treaty. ,
Additional arms limitations signings in 1979 which places limits on
long-range missiles, bombers and nuclear warheads.
Camp David Accords 1978
The first signed agreement between Israel and an Arab country, in which
Egyptian president Anwar Sadat recognized Israel as a legitimate state
and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin agreed to return the Sinai
Peninsula to Egypt.
Panama Canal Treaties 1978
Passed by President Carter, these called for the gradual return of the
Panama Canal to the people and government of Panama. They provided for
the transfer of canal ownership to Panama in 1999 and guaranteed its
Malaise speech 1979
The speech Carter delivered in response to the energy crisis, it was
most notable for Carter's bleak assessment of the national condition and
his claim that there was a "crisis of confidence" that had struck "at
the very heart and soul of our national will". The speech helped fuel
charges that the president was trying to blame his own problems on the
crisis of confidence
1979, US power is waning, economic problems at home, a.k.a Malaise
Speech; Carter fires entire cabinet and reelects all positions to insure