Animal Biology Tarleton

  1. What type of epithelium would you expect to find covering a surface subject to physical forces?
    stratified epithelium
  2. What type of epithelial tissue, found in the intestines, absorbs nutrients?
    simple columnar epithelium
  3. Which tissues are found in the lungs, permits gas exchange by diffusion?
    simple squamous epithelium
  4. What type of epithelial tissue lines kidney tubules?
    simple cuboidal cells
  5. How does connective tissue differ from the other three major tissue types?
    Connective tissue often consists of relatively few cells embedded in an extracellular matrix.
  6. Which of these describes loose connective tissue?
    It is a loose weave of fibers that functions as a packing material.
  7. Cartilage is found _____.
    at the ends of bones such as the femur.
  8. _____ is the connective tissue specialized for transport.
  9. What type of muscle is responsible for contractions of the digestive tract and arteries?
    smooth muscle
  10. Cardiac muscle is the only muscle composed of _____ fibers.
  11. _____ muscle is attached to bones.
  12. A neuron consists of _____
    dendrites, a cell body, and axons
  13. Nervous tissue functions _____.
    to sense stimuli
  14. When digested, proteins are broken down into _____.
    amino acids
  15. When digested, fats are broken down into _____.
    both glycerol and fatty acids
  16. Starch is a type of _____.
  17. Your small intestine can absorb ____ without their being further digested.
  18. Which of these enzymes begins the breakdown of starch?
  19. Starch can be broken down into the disaccharide known as _____.
  20. Protein digestion begins in the _____.
  21. What is the main component of gastric juice?
  22. _____ is secreted by the _____ and acts to emulsify _____ in the _____.
    Bile ... liver ... fats ... small intestine
  23. What acid is responsible for stomach acidity?
    hydrochloric acid
  24. Most mechanical processing of food occurs in the _____.
    oral cavity and stomach
  25. Which lists the major segments of the alimentary canal in the correct order?
    oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine.
  26. in the oral cavity, salivary amylase helps break down _____;in the stomach, pepsin helps break down _____;and in the small intestine, bile helps break down _____.
    starches; proteins; fats and oils
  27. Absorption of food monomers occurs primarily in the _____.
    small intestine
  28. Chyme enters the small intestine from the stomach. At this point, _____.
    mechanical digestion is essentially complete, but the other processes are ongoing or have not yet begun
Card Set
Animal Biology Tarleton