GA History CRCT Prep Ch 3 - American Revolution

  1. The two colonial powers that fought one another for control of North America during the French and Indian War?
    Great Britain and France
  2. For many years, Great Britain basically let the colonies govern themselves. This practice was known as what?
    salutary neglect
  3. What was significant about Lyman Hall, Button Gwinnett, and Georga Walton?
    They each signed the Declaration of Independence on behalf of Georgia.
  4. What were the Stamp Act and the Intolerable Acts, and why did they make so many colonists mad?
    The Stamp Act was a law passed by Parliament that required printed materials in the colonies to include a government stamp. Colonists hated the Stamp Act and violently protested because it amounted to a tax on all printed material. The Intolerable Acts were strict measures passed by Parliament after the Boston Tea Party. Colonists protested these laws as they were seen as a violation of their rights.
  5. Explain the difference between the Tories and the Patriots.
    Tories were colonists who remained loyal to the British. Patriots were colonists who supported independence.
  6. What Georgian helped write the Articles of Confederation, was elected chief executive of Georgia's patriot assembly, and eventually died as the result of a duel with a political rival?
    Button Gwinnett
  7. What was special about Austin Dabney?
    He was a slave who won his freedom for brave service during the war.
  8. Why was the victory at Kettle Creek important even though it was smaller than most Revolutionary War battles?
    The Battle at Kettle Creek stopped the British from rounding up more loyalist support in GA upcountry, allowed the Patriots to capture weapons and supplies, and lifted the morale of GA Patriots, giving them hope that they could defeat their enemy.
  9. There was much debate at the Constitutional Convention over
    how many representatives each state should have in the new Congress
  10. Why did GA ratify the US Constitution so quickly?
    It wanted to know it could count on a national government for protection.
  11. What was the "Great Compromise," and how did Abraham Baldwin's actions contribute to it?
    The Great Compromise stated that the U.S. Government's legislative branch would be divided between two houses, with one based on representation by population (House of Representatives) and the other based on each state being represented equally (Senate). Abraham Baldwin contributed to the compromise by casting the final vote that prevented another plan from taking effect and forcing the eventual compromise.
  12. What was the initial effect of the French and Indian War on Georgia?
    The colony gained more territory and was more secure.
  13. Who were the Tories?
    Colonists who supported the king.
  14. How did Patriots in GA respond to the Stamp Act and Intolerable Acts?
    Patriots were angry with the acts and made their protests known.
  15. Before July 1775, the other twelve colonies were upset with GA because
    GA did not seem supportive of the revolutionary cause until that time.
  16. This person went to Philadelphia as an unofficial representative of GA to the Second Continental Congress.
    Lyman Hall
  17. Led Georgian Patriots to victory at Kettle Creek, retook Augusta in 1781, and fought numerous skirmishes against Native Americans along the GA frontier.
    Elijah Clarke
  18. She was considered ugly, feisty, and a brave Patriot.
    Nancy Hart
  19. How did Georgians feel about the Constitution?
    It was supported as Georgians felt it needed the national government to be strong.
  20. Britain planned to pay off its debt from the French and Indian War by
    passing new tax laws.
  21. American anger at British policies was greatest in the ___________ colonies.
  22. The United State's first constitution was called the
    Articles of Confederation
  23. When the Whigs took over Georgia's government, Governor Wright
    was imprisoned then escaped and returned to Britain.
  24. American colonists reacted to the new British laws by
    boycotting British goods.
  25. Count Casimir Pulaski fought for the Americans in the
    Siege of Savannah
  26. The law that placed taxes on such items as glass, lead, paper, and paint that came into the colonies was the
    Townshend Act
  27. The incident that led to the Boston Tea Party was when
    Parliament gave one British company exclusive rights to sell tea in America.
  28. The Declaration of Independence was signed and adopted on
    July 4, 1776
  29. The Articles of Confederation could not
    impose taxes, regulate trade between states or raise and maintain a military. The AOC only consisted of one branch, Legislative, and thus had no president to carry out the laws, nor a court system to handle grievances.
Card Set
GA History CRCT Prep Ch 3 - American Revolution
The American Revolution and GA & Antebellum GA