Chapter 14

  1. Emotions influence driving because they

    D) both b and c
  2. A person who must be twice as close to an object to see it as clearly as a person with normal visual acuity has

    C) 20/40 Vision
  3. The part of peripheral vision closest to your central vision is called

    D) Fringe Vision
  4. The best way to prevent fatigue on long drives is to

    B) rest before you start
  5. While driving, drivers experience the emotion of _____ more odten than any other.
  6. Your _____ allows you to judge the distance between yourself and other objects.
    Depth Perception
  7. Carbon Monoxide gas is present in the _____ of a vehicle.
  8. Most collisions involving older drivers are caused by failure to
    Yeild the right of way
  9. How can anger affect your ability to drive?
    • Anger can impair all of your driving skills.
    • You might take risks you would not take if you were calm.
    • You also might not see everything you should see and miss an important clue.
    • You might cause other drivers to stop or swerve abruptly.
  10. How can you help a driver when you are a passenger?
    • Avoid saying or doing anything that might distract or upset the driver. Refrain from heated discussions. Talk about positive events.
    • Discourage the driver from taking reckless actions. Be prepared to intervene if the driver endangers others by reckless driving. Encourage the driver to let someone else drive, or refuse to ride in the same vehicle. Do what you must to protect yourself and others.
    • Do not hesitate to compliment the driver for doing a good job of driving in a difficult situation. You might need the same support when you are the driver.
  11. What can you do to manage your emotions while driving?
    • Use the IPDE process to drive in an organized manner. Learn and use correct driving procedures until they become habits. You then will be more likely to excute the proper action, even when under emotional stress.
    • Anticipate emotion-producing situations, and adjust your expectations. Say to yourself, "I know there will be delays during rush hour, so I will allow more time to get home. I will not let the actions of others bother me."
    • If you encounter an aggressive driver, do not challenge the driver. Avoid eye contact, ignore gestures, and remain calm. Adopt a "yeild" attitude.
    • Try to adjust your route to avoid irritating traffic situations.
    • If you are tired, make a special effort to manage your emotions. A tired person can become upset more easily.
    • Analyze your mistakes. Learn from them so that you are less likely to repeat the same mistakes.
    • Keep courtesy as one of your personal rules of the road.
  12. How do emotions influence your willingness to accept risk?
    Your emotions have a big influence on the amount of risk you are willing to take. You probably will be more likely to take risks if you are angry than if you are happy. Your emotions might cause you to take chances at different times on the same roadways. Sometimes you might be so uninterested in your trip that you don't give your complete attention to the driving task.
  13. What are the parts of your field of vision?
    • Central Vision: This straight-ahead pat of your field of vision is a small, 10-degree, cone-shaped area.
    • Peripheral Vision: Surrounds your central vision. The father from the central vision, the less clear the view.
    • Fringe Vision: The part of your peripheral vision closest to your central vision.
    • Side Fringe Vision: Used to monitor a zone condition after it has been identified in central vision.
    • Upper Fringe Vision: Used to detect changes in the rear mirror.
    • Lower Fringe Vision: Used tomonitor refernce points for vehicle position.
    • Tunnel Vision: A narrow feild of vision, 140 degrees or less.
  14. What can you do to compensate for poor depth perception?
    • Use a following distance greater than three sconds
    • Allow for addtional clear distance ahead before passing
    • Allow greater distances at night than at daytime. (Darkness hides many guides you use in the daytime.)
  15. What can you do to combat fatigue?
    • Rest before you start
    • Change drivers often
    • Stop every two hours. Walk, strech, get a beverage or snack, or take a nap on long trips
    • Wear sunglasses in bright sunlight and to shield against snow glare
    • Use your orderly visual search pattern to keep your eyes moving
    • Be active-listen to the radio, sing, or talk with your passengers
    • Stop in a safe, well-lighted place if you feel drowsy. Lock the vehicle and take a nap
  16. What can you do to avoid carbon monoxide exposure and deal with its effects?
    • If your vehicle is parked in a garage at home, open the garage door before starting the engine
    • Avoid running the engine inside a garage. Move your vehicle outside after starting the engie
    • In stop-and-go traffic, keep a three-second following distance. Stop where you can see the tires of the vehicle ahead touching the pavement
    • In traffic jams, especially in enclosed areas, turn off the engine when possible
    • Check your exhaust system regularly
    • Do not drive with the rear windows open
    • Move a person who is ovecome by carbon monoxide into fresh air. Seek medical help immediately
  17. What can drivers who have permanent disabilities do to compensate?
    • Special vehicle equipment and controls can make it possible for many peole with permanent disabilities to drive
    • Others can control their disabilities with medication
Card Set
Chapter 14
Test on 4/4/11