Under the concsience model of representation, legislators should
follow the will of the people unless they believe that it is in the best interest of the country to do otherwise
Under the delegate model of representation, legislators should
Adhere to the will of their constituents
Russ Feingold and Edward Kennedy were vocal opponents of the iraq war and voted vs the war in 2002, despite the widespread popular support for the authorization of the war vs iraq. their vote can be best understood through the
During the trial of president clinton, representative henry hyde argued that "were not delegates who are sent here to weigh our mail every day and then top vote accordingly. We are elected to bring our judgement, our experience, and our conscienceness with us her" hyde's claim is an argument in favor of
trustee model of representation
representative sherwood bohlert's argument that legislators should use the "pillow test" - that the legislators should follow the will of the constituents until doing so keeps the legislator awake at night - is an argument in favor of the
conscience model of representation
senator j william fulbright's warning that "the average legislator discovers early in his career that there are certain interests or prejudices of his constituents which are dangerous to triffle with is an argument in favor of
the politico model of representation
The most important responsibility of a member of congress is to
speak and act on behalf of the people
when the legislature is described as "bicameral" it means that the legislature
has two chambers
The compromise that resulted in the creation of two chambers of congress, the house and the senate, reflected what important balance?
balancing the sovereignity of the states and the sovereignty of the people
members of the US house of rpresentatives serve a term of
before adoption of the seventh amendment in 1913 US Senators were generally
appointed by state legislators
US senators have been directly elected by the people since the ratification of the
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the selesction of senators?
one third of the seats in the senate are elected every two years.
Which of the following is not a power granted to congress by Article 1, Section 8 of the constitution?
the right to interpret legislation passed by the Congress.
The use of congressional power to charter a national bank is an example of congress' use of the
necessary and proper clause
Cracing reffers to the
division of opposition voters into a wide number of electoral districts
Packing reffers to
consolidation of opposition voters into fewer electoral districts
When faced with cases involving debates over redistricting the courts have generally
refused to get involved arguing that the issue is a political question
In the decision Baker v. Carr, the US Supreme court formally established the principle of
one person , one vote
the process of allocating the number of seats assigned to each state in the US House of Representatives beased on changes in the population of the states is known as
there are ___ members of the us house of representatives.
in the congress, joint committees are comprised of members of both house and state senate and are
empowered to conduct oversight or issue research but lack the legislative power possessed by other committees
the requirement that all bills be referred to committee before being considered by the body of the whle was established by
1946 Legislative reorginization act
committees which draws membership from both house and senate in order to perform specific investigation, reasearch, or oversight of agencies closely realted to congress are known as
the process of reviewing and revising a proposed piece of legislation by a committee is generally refferred to as
the house committee responsible for establishing the terms and conditions of the debate on a bill is the
the resposibility of the congress to review the federal bureaucracy's implementation of federal law is generally refferred to as
resposibility for refferreing bills to specific committees in the US House of Representatives generally falls to the
speaker of the house
most important congressional work gets done
at the committee level
The first female speaker of the house was
the us senate president pro tempore
is the most senior member of the majority party
the vice president votes in the senate when
there is a tie vote
which of the following is not a power afforded to the speaker of the house
vetoing legislation passed by congress
a senator who wants to stop debate and vote on a bill can attempt to
federal money and programs that largely or wholly benefit just one state or congressional district are often refferred to as
in the context of the congressional legislative process, logrolling reffers to the
reciprocal exchange of support for legislation
bills may be introduced to congress by
members of congress
the senate's equivilent to the house's rules committee is
does no exist there is no equivilent
the first African American elected to both the house of representatives and US Senate was elected in
Barbara jordan was the first African American US House member from what state?
The concept of symbolic representation suggest that congress should roughly reflect the racial, ethnic, and gender diversity of the US.
Should the President fail to act on a bill for 10 days
(excluding sundays), the bill becomes law unless congress adjourns. during that period
the committee appointment process is organized by political parties infoirmally rather than occuring through the formal channels of the legislature.
of the more than 10,000 bills introduced into congress each year, only about 400 ever become law.
Most analysts believe that Congress has been more transparent and less corrupt over the 3 past decades than at any point in our nation's history.